Generally predatory publishers are those who exploit the open access model by charging a fee for the publication of material but without providing the services an author would expect such as peer review and editing. predatory publishers typically contact potential authors directly via email to offer their services and encourage publication. many also offer academic conferences.
“Predatory journals and publishers are entities that prioritize self-interest at the expense of scholarship and are characterized by false or misleading information, deviation from best editorial and publication practices, a lack of transparency, and/or the use of aggressive and indiscriminate solicitation practices”
Grudniewicz, A. et al (2019). Predatory journals: no definition, no defence. Nature, 576, 210-212. https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-019-03759-y
By not offering expected services such as peer review or editing, these publications allow poor quality research tp be put into circulation. By appearing to be published in an academic journal which has checked its content this research masquerades as legitimate, something that can have potentially damaging consequences. Even if the individual piece of research is sound there is little academic merit to be gained having it sit alongside work that is substandard or even wrong.
QUALITY OF PREVIOUS PUBLICATIONS
There may be valid reasons why you answer no to some of these questions. Publication practices vary from country to county and it is important to consider cultural differences. Be careful not to use any of these factors in isolation and always use your judgment.
(This work was licensed under a creative commons cc-by 4.0 license by the office of scholarly communications, cambridge university libraries)