Managing your money
Managing your money at university can be a daunting experience: you may be away from home for the first time, managing student finance payments (without spending the whole lot), or changing your employment to fit around your studies. Whichever situation applies to you, you may need to make a little money go a long way.
Key things you need to know about budgeting on a low income:
- What is your income? This is how much money you have coming in. Such as your student loans/grants, earnings, money from family, etc.
- What are your outgoings? This is how much money you have going out. This would include rent, food, bills, books, etc.
- What is the difference between the two? You could use a spreadsheet, or a budget calculator, to work this out.
- Do you have any spare cash to save (or spend) at the end of the month?
Take a closer look at our guidance below on online budgeting, money-saving tips and debt.
Advice and useful links
There are several websites where you can put in details about your income and expenditure. An online calculator then works out the difference. Why not try changing a few figures, such as how much you spend on food, or leisure, or travel, to see how much it may change your result? You could also use this to plan ahead, by putting new bills or a different rent amount in to see its effect on your budget.
If you are an undergraduate student funded by SAAS, Student Finance England/Wales or Northern Ireland, take a look at our own budgeting calculator.
Other sites include:
- MoneySavingExpert.Com's budget planner – a different approach which looks at how much you spend over the whole year, not just each month. Really useful for all students.
- Student Finance Calculator – a helpful calculator for undergraduate students who get their funding from Student Finance England
- The Money Advice Service's budget planner – very useful if you have children or a mortgage. There are some other budgeting tools on the same site including the cutback calculator and moneystretcher.
Once you've worked out the difference between your income and expenditure, you can start to take action.
- Can you cut back on spending in any area?
- Are there any areas where you could cut your spending?
- Do you have debt that you need to manage?
- Should you think about getting a part-time job
- Are there other sources of funding you could consider?
- Decide how much you can spend on different things – and try and stick to your budget
- Check the top tips section below
MoneySavingExpert’s Academy of Money with Martin Lewis
The Open University has joined forces with “MoneySavingExpert” to produce this new free course to give you the skills and knowledge to master your finances. The course was written by the Open University, with MoneysavingExpert providing support and guidance.
The course has six sessions that each take around two hours to complete. It's packed with video, audio, quizzes and activities that cover all the key aspects of personal finance.
- Session 1: Making good spending decisions
- Session 2: Budgeting and taxation
- Session 3: Borrowing money
- Session 4: Understanding mortgages
- Session 5: Saving and investing
- Session 6: Planning for retirement
You can stop and start the course whenever you want, so you can fit it around your main studies. Plus, you will receive a statement of participation in the course.
It’s YOUR money; don’t settle for less, plan for more.
- Go shopping with a friend and share the multi-buy offers
- Shop around for brands/shops that can save you money. “own” brand products are often similar to brand names
- Never go to the supermarket hungry
- Always use price comparison and cash back sites
- Try charity shopping for clothing, books, gifts etc. – lower your carbon footprint too
- Always ask for a student discount even if not advertised
- Download vouchers from Money Saving Expert – good tips too!
- Look out for voucher codes at www.myvouchercodes.co.uk/student-discounts
- Don't take kids shopping with you!
- Look for coupon/deal finder apps and browser add-ons to help you save when shopping online
Write it down
- Always write a shopping list and only buy what you have written down
- Give yourself a budget and stick to it
Eat well for less
- Cook food from scratch and freeze the rest for later
- Learn to cook – avoid ready meals. See www.beyondbakedbeans.co.uk
- Cook together with your flatmates
- Bring a packed lunch instead of buying lunch
- A coffee a day doesn’t sound like a lot, but little costs add up quick. Make these treats, rather than habits
Some useful sites
Anyone can fall into debt from time to time. However, it is important that you don’t bury your head in the sand and ignore the debt. There are some easy practical steps you can take to avoid debt.
Trying to avoid debt
- Managing your money – begin by planning a budget.
- Maximise your income – look at the options you have to access additional (free) money and the information on University Hardship Funds.
- Minimise your expenditure – look at your budget and check the things you can do without or that you can buy cheaper. Go onto money saving websites for vouchers and money back schemes, use your student card for discounts, check out websites such as Money Saving Expert.
- If you have debts before starting university, don't ignore them. Find out what you can do to minimise payments or make the debt more manageable.
- Some debts are more important to pay than others, for example always make sure that you pay your rent and have a roof over your head.
- Money Advice Scotland – links to free advice agencies in your area.
- National Debtline – telephone helpline, fact sheets, model letters, debt advice and more.
- Debt Help Plan – free advice from moneysaving expert to help you manage your debts and work out a successful route to financial freedom
- Step Change Debt Charity – offering free, confidential advice and support to anyone who is worried about debt.
- Find out all about credit rating, including a quick credit checker tool at Money Saving Expert.
- Options for paying off your debt - a government page with information on debt repayment, information, and links to various debt related schemes/ government pages.
- Citizens Advice Scotland has a page on managing debt and money