The three ‘Rs’
The legislation is underpinned by the three ‘Rs’ – the principles of replacement, reduction and refinement – which ensures that animal research is carried out only where no practicable alternative exists and under conditions which minimise any suffering.
In practice, this means that in our research, animals are replaced with non-animal alternatives wherever possible; the number of animals is reduced to the minimum required to achieve valid results; and, for those animals which must be used, procedures are refined to minimise their suffering.
Our researchers at the University of Stirling are committed to considering the three ‘Rs’ in all aspects of our research – from design to implementation – and we do everything we can to enhance animal welfare.
All research involving animals is reported in accordance with guidelines set out by the National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement & Reduction of Animals in Research (NC3Rs). The Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments (ARRIVE) guidelines were developed in consultation with the scientific community as part of an NC3Rs initiative to improve the standard of reporting of research using animals.
Compliance with the legislation and guidelines relevant to research involving animals is governed by the University’s Animal Welfare and Ethical Review Body.