Mr James Dick

Technical Manager

University of Stirling Pathfoot Building, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA

Mr James Dick

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About me

About me

Technical Manager with responsibility for Quality Control in the Nutrition Group with over 25 years experience in lipid methodology. I have responsibility for the development of chromatographic techniques and am trained in all aspects of complex lipid analysis including HPLC, GC, GC/MS & GC/MS/MS with specific focus on organic contaminants and Omega 3 fatty acid analysis in Aquaculture and Human Health.

Outputs (86)

Outputs

Article

Byrne CJ, Fair S, Dick JR, Lonergan P & Kenny DA (2021) Dietary supplementation with fish oil and safflower oil, during the finishing period, alters brisket muscle fatty acid profile and n-6/n-3 ratio but not carcass traits of dairy beef bulls. Applied Animal Science, 37 (4), pp. 436-444. https://doi.org/10.15232/aas.2021-02158

Article

Wardle SL, Macnaughton LS, McGlory C, Witard OC, Dick JR, Whitfield PD, Ferrando AA, Wolfe RR, Kim I, Hamilton DL, Moran CN, Tipton KD & Galloway SD (2020) Human skeletal muscle metabolic responses to 6 days of high-fat overfeeding are associated with dietary n-3PUFA content and muscle oxidative capacity. Physiological Reports, 8 (16), Art. No.: e14529. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.14529

Article

Philpott JD, Bootsma NJ, Rodriguez-Sanchez N, Hamilton DL, MacKinlay E, Dick J, Mettler S, Galloway SD, Tipton KD & Witard OC (2019) Influence of Fish Oil-Derived n-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation on Changes in Body Composition and Muscle Strength During Short-Term Weight Loss in Resistance-Trained Men. Frontiers in Nutrition, 6, Art. No.: 102. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2019.00102

Article

Albalat A, Johnson L, Coates CJ, Dykes GC, Hitte F, Morro B, Dick J, Todd K & Neil DM (2019) The Effect of Temperature on the Physiological Condition and Immune-Capacity of European Lobsters (Homarus gammarus) During Long-Term Starvation. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, Art. No.: 281. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00281

Article

Jeromson S, Mackenzie I, Doherty MK, Whitfield PD, Bell JG, Dick JR, Shaw A, Rao F, Ashcroft SP, Philp A, Galloway SD, Gallagher IJ & Hamilton DL (2018) Lipid remodelling and an altered membrane-associated proteome may drive the differential effects of EPA and DHA treatment on skeletal muscle glucose uptake and protein accretion. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism, 314 (6), pp. E605-E619. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00438.2015

Article

Guesdon W, Kosaraju R, Brophy P, Clark A, Dillingham S, Aziz S, Moyer F, Wilson K, Dick JR, Patil SP, Balestrieri N, Armstrong M, Reisdroph N & Shaikh SR (2018) Effects of fish oils on ex vivo B-cell responses of obese subjects upon BCR/TLR stimulation: a pilot study. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 53, pp. 72-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2017.10.009

Article

Philpott JD, Donnelly C, Walshe I, Dick JR, Galloway SD, Tipton K & Witard O (2018) Adding Fish Oil to Whey Protein, Leucine and Carbohydrate Over a 6 Week Supplementation Period Attenuates Muscle Soreness Following Eccentric Exercise in Competitive Soccer Players. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 28 (1), pp. 26-36. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0161

Meeting Abstract

Sprague M, Betancor M, Dick JR & Tocher DR (2017) Nutritional evaluation of seafood, with respect to long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, available to UK consumers. Nutrition Society Spring Conference 2017: Nutrition and exercise for health and performance, Stirling, 28/03/2017 - 29/03/2017. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 76 (OCE2), p. E38. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/proceedings-of-the-nutrition-society/article/nutritional-evaluation-of-seafood-with-respect-to-longchain-omega3-fatty-acids-available-to-uk-consumers/81A58EB320FD82BA230C54AEB88D4539; https://doi.org/10.1017/S0029665117000945

Article

Gravina L, Brown FF, Alexander L, Dick JR, Bell JG, Witard O & Galloway SD (2017) n-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation During 4 Weeks of Training Leads to Improved Anaerobic Endurance Capacity, But Not Maximal Strength, Speed, or Power in Soccer Players. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 27 (4), pp. 305-313. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2016-0325

Article

Byrne CJ, Fair S, English AM, Holden SA, Dick JR, Lonergan P & Kenny DA (2017) Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation of young post-pubertal dairy bulls alters the fatty acid composition of seminal plasma and spermatozoa but has no effect on semen volume or sperm quality. Theriogenology, 90, pp. 289-300. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2016.12.014

Article

Albalat A, Nadler LE, Foo N, Dick JR, Watts AJR, Philp H, Neil DM & Monroig O (2016) Lipid Composition of Oil Extracted from Wasted Norway Lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) Heads and Comparison with Oil Extracted from Antarctic Krill (Euphasia superba). Marine Drugs, 14 (12), Art. No.: 219. https://doi.org/10.3390/md14120219

Article

McGlory C, Wardle S, Macnaughton LS, Witard O, Scott F, Dick JR, Bell JG, Phillips SM, Galloway SD, Hamilton DL & Tipton K (2016) Fish oil supplementation suppresses resistance exercise and feeding-induced increases in anabolic signaling without affecting myofibrillar protein synthesis in young men. Physiological Reports, 4 (6), Art. No.: e12715. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.12715

Article

Sprague M, Walton J, Campbell P, Strachan F, Dick JR & Bell JG (2015) Replacement of fish oil with a DHA-rich algal meal derived from Schizochytrium sp. on the fatty acid and persistent organic pollutant levels in diets and flesh of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar, L.) post-smolts. Food Chemistry, 185, pp. 413-421. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.03.150

Article

Bell JG, Gilhooly T, Mackinlay E, Younger I, McLellan R & Dick JR (2013) Development of a rapid method of analysing whole blood omega-3 levels using a fingertip blood sample and measuring breast milk omega-3 levels using automated methods. Lipid Technology, 25 (11), pp. 255-257. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/lite.201300301/abstract; https://doi.org/10.1002/lite.201300301

Newspaper Article

Bell JG & Dick JR (2013) A Different Kettle of Fish. Laboratory News. 25.07.2013. http://www.labnews.co.uk/features/a-different-kettle-of-fish/

Article

Bell JG, Dick JR, Strachan F, Guy DR, Berntssen MHG & Sprague M (2012) Complete replacement of fish oil with a blend of vegetable oils affects dioxin, dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in 3 Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) families differing in flesh adiposity. Aquaculture, 324-325, pp. 118-126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2011.11.004

Article

Bell JG, Mackinlay E, Dick JR, Younger I, Lands B & Gilhooly T (2011) Using a fingertip whole blood sample for rapid fatty acid measurement: Method validation and correlation with erythrocyte polar lipid compositions in UK subjects. British Journal of Nutrition, 106 (9), pp. 1408-1415. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114511001978

Article

Carmona-Antonanzas G, Monroig O, Dick JR, Davie A & Tocher DR (2011) Biosynthesis of very long-chain fatty acids (C > 24) in Atlantic salmon: Cloning, functional characterisation, and tissue distribution of an Elovl4 elongase. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 159 (2), pp. 122-129. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/10964959; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpb.2011.02.007

Article

Karalazos V, Bendiksen EA, Dick JR, Tocher DR & Bell JG (2011) Influence of the dietary protein: lipid ratio and fish oil substitution on fatty acid composition and metabolism of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) reared at high water temperatures. British Journal of Nutrition, 105 (7), pp. 1012-1025. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=BJN; https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114510004605

Article

Monroig O, Rotllant J, Cerda-Reverter JM, Dick JR, Figueras A & Tocher DR (2010) Expression and role of Elovl4 elongases in biosynthesis of very long-chain fatty acids during zebrafish Danio rerio early embryonic development. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)- Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, 1801 (10), pp. 1145-1154. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13881981; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbalip.2010.06.005

Article

Li Y, Monroig O, Zhang L, Wang S, Zheng X, Dick JR, You C & Tocher DR (2010) Vertebrate fatty acyl desaturase with delta4 activity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107 (39), pp. 16840-16845. http://www.pnas.org/content/107/39/16840.abstract; https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1008429107

Article

Leclercq E, Dick JR, Taylor J, Bell JG, Hunter D & Migaud H (2010) Seasonal Variations in Skin Pigmentation and Flesh Quality of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar L.): Implications for Quality Management. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58 (11), pp. 7036-7045. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf100723b; https://doi.org/10.1021/jf100723b

Article

Sprague M, Bendiksen EA, Dick JR, Strachan F, Pratoomyot J, Berntssen MHG, Tocher DR & Bell JG (2010) Effects of decontaminated fish oil or a fish and vegetable oil blend on persistent organic pollutant and fatty acid compositions in diet and flesh of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). British Journal of Nutrition, 103 (10), pp. 1442-1451. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114510000139

Article

Bell JG, Miller D, MacDonald DJ, Mackinlay E, Dick JR, Cheseldine S, Boyle RM, Graham C & O'Hare AE (2010) The fatty acid compositions of erythrocyte and plasma polar lipids in children with autism, developmental delay or typically developing controls and the effect of fish oil intake. British Journal of Nutrition, 103 (8), pp. 1160-1167. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114509992881

Article

Petropoulos IK, Thompson K, Morgan AL, Dick JR, Tocher DR & Bell JG (2009) Effects of substitution of dietary fish oil with a blend of vegetable oils on liver and peripheral blood leucocyte fatty acid composition, plasma prostaglandin E2 and immune parameters in three strains of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture Nutrition, 15 (6), pp. 596-607. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2095.2008.00627.x

Article

Kennedy SR, Bickerdike R, Berge RK, Dick JR & Tocher DR (2007) Influence of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) or tetradecylthioacetic acid (TTA) on growth, lipid composition, fatty acid metabolism and lipid gene expression of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss L.). Aquaculture, 272 (41000), pp. 489-501. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00448486; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2007.06.033

Article

Karalazos V, Bendiksen EA, Dick JR & Bell JG (2007) Effects of dietary protein and fat level and rapeseed oil on growth and tissue fatty acid composition and metabolism in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) reared at low water temperatures. Aquaculture Nutrition, 13 (4), pp. 256-265. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2095.2007.00471.x

Article

Tocher DR, Zheng X, Schlechtriem C, Hastings N & Dick JR (2006) Highly unsaturated fatty acid synthesis in marine fish: Cloning, functional characterization, and nutritional regulation of fatty acyl delta6 desaturase of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.). Lipids, 41 (11), pp. 1003-1016. http://www.springerlink.com/content/0024-4201/; https://doi.org/10.1007/s11745-006-5051-4

Article

Tocher DR, Dick JR, MacGlaughlin P & Bell JG (2006) Effect of diets enriched in Delta 6 desaturated fatty acids (18:3n-6 and 18:4n-3), on growth, fatty acid composition and highly unsaturated fatty acid synthesis in two populations of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus L.). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 144 (2), pp. 245-253. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/10964959; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpb.2006.03.001

Article

Kennedy SR, Leaver M, Campbell P, Zheng X, Dick JR & Tocher DR (2006) Influence of Dietary Oil Content and Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) on Lipid Metabolism Enzyme Activities and Gene Expression in Tissues of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar L.). Lipids, 41 (5), pp. 423-436. http://www.springerlink.com/content/0024-4201/; https://doi.org/10.1007/s11745-006-5116-4

Article

Agaba MK, Tocher DR, Zheng X, Dickson C, Dick JR & Teale AJ (2005) Cloning and functional characterisation of polyunsaturated fatty acid elongases of marine and freshwater teleost fish. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 142 (3), pp. 342-352. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/10964959; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpb.2005.08.005

Conference Paper

Mourente G, Dick JR, Bell JG & Tocher DR (2005) Effect of partial substitution of dietary fish oil by vegetable oils on desaturation and beta-oxidation of [1-14C]18:3n-3 (LNA) and [1-14C]20:5n-3 (EPA) in hepatocytes and enterocytes of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.). 1th International Symposium on Nutrition and Feeding in Fish, Phuket Island, Thailand, 02.05.2004-07.05.2004. Aquaculture, 248 (1-4), pp. 173-186. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00448486; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2005.04.023

Article

Zheng X, Torstensen BE, Tocher DR, Dick JR, Henderson RJ & Bell JG (2005) Environmental and dietary influences on highly unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis and expression of fatty acyl desaturase and elongase genes in liver of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)- Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, 1734 (1), pp. 13-24. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13881981; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbalip.2005.01.006

Article

Bell JG, McGhee F, Dick JR & Tocher DR (2005) Dioxin and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in Scottish farmed salmon (Salmo salar): effects of replacement of dietary marine fish oil with vegetable oils. Aquaculture, 243 (1-4), pp. 305-314. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00448486; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.10.016

Article

Hastings N, Agaba MK, Tocher DR, Zheng X, Dickson C, Dick JR & Teale AJ (2004) Molecular cloning and functional characterization of fatty acyl desaturase and elongase cDNAs involved in the production of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexanoic acids from alpha-linolenic acid in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Marine Biotechnology, 6 (5), pp. 463-474. http://www.springerlink.com/content/1436-2228/; https://doi.org/10.1007/s10126-004-3002-8

Article

Agaba MK, Tocher DR, Dickson C, Dick JR & Teale AJ (2004) Zebrafish cDNA encoding multifunctional fatty acid elongase involved in production of eicosapentaenoic (20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic (22:6n-3) acids. Marine Biotechnology, 6 (3), pp. 251-261. http://www.springerlink.com/content/1436-2228/; https://doi.org/10.1007/s10126-003-0029-1

Article

Tocher DR, Fonseca-Madrigal J, Dick JR, Ng W, Bell JG & Campbell P (2004) Effects of water temperature and diets containing palm oil on fatty acid desaturation and oxidation in hepatocytes and intestinal enterocytes of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 137 (1), pp. 49-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpc.2003.10.002

Book Chapter

Bell JG, Dick JR, Mackinlay E, Glen ACA, MacDonald DJ, Boyle RM & Riordan DV (2003) Abnormal fatty acid metabolism in autism and Asperger’s syndrome. In: Peet M, Glen I & Horrobin D (eds.) Phospholipid Spectrum Disorder in Psychiatry and Neurology. 2nd ed. Carnforth: Marius Press, pp. 521-528. http://www.mariuspress.com/books.htm

Article

Bell JG, Tocher DR, Henderson RJ, Dick JR & Crampton V (2003) Altered fatty acid compositions in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fed diets containing linseed and rapeseed oils can be partially restored by a subsequent fish oil finishing diet. Journal of Nutrition, 133 (9), pp. 2793-2801. http://jn.nutrition.org/content/133/9/2793.abstract

Article

Tocher DR, Bell JG, McGhee F, Dick JR & Fonseca-Madrigal J (2003) Effects of dietary lipid level and vegetable oil on fatty acid metabolism in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) over the whole production cycle. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 29 (3), pp. 193-209. http://www.springerlink.com/content/0920-1742/; https://doi.org/10.1023/B%3AFISH.0000045722.44186.ee

Article

Tocher DR, Fonseca-Madrigal J, Bell JG, Dick JR, Henderson RJ & Sargent JR (2002) Effects of diets containing linseed oil on fatty acid desaturation and oxidation in hepatocytes and intestinal enterocytes in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 26 (2), pp. 157-170. http://www.springerlink.com/content/0920-1742/; https://doi.org/10.1023/A%3A1025416731014

Article

Bell JG, Henderson RJ, Tocher DR, McGhee F, Dick JR, Porter AR, Smullen RP & Sargent JR (2002) Substituting fish oil with crude palm oil in the diet of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) affects muscle fatty acid composition and hepatic fatty acid metabolism. Journal of Nutrition, 132 (2), pp. 222-230. http://jn.nutrition.org/content/132/2/222.abstract

Article

Tocher DR, Bell JG, MacGlaughlin P, McGhee F & Dick JR (2001) Hepatocyte fatty acid desaturation and polyunsaturated fatty acid composition of liver in salmonids: Effects of dietary vegetable oil. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 130 (2), pp. 257-270. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/10964959; https://doi.org/10.1016/S1096-4959%2801%2900429-8

Article

Tocher DR, Agaba MK, Hastings N, Bell JG, Dick JR & Teale AJ (2001) Nutritional regulation of hepatocyte fatty acid desaturation and polyunsaturated fatty acid composition in zebrafish (Danio rerio) and tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 24 (4), pp. 309-320. http://www.springerlink.com/content/0920-1742/; https://doi.org/10.1023/A%3A1015022406790

Article

Tocher DR & Dick JR (2001) Effects of essential fatty acid deficiency and supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3) on cellular fatty acid compositions and fatty acyl desaturation in a cell culture model. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, 64 (1), pp. 11-22. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09523278; https://doi.org/10.1054/plef.2000.0233

Article

Tocher DR, Bell JG, Dick JR, Henderson RJ, McGhee F, Michell D & Morris PC (2000) Polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) undergoing parr-smolt transformation and the effects of dietary linseed and rapeseed oils. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 23 (1), pp. 59-73. http://www.springerlink.com/content/0920-1742/; https://doi.org/10.1023/A%3A1007807201093

Article

Tocher DR & Dick JR (2000) Essential fatty acid deficiency in freshwater fish: the effects of linoleic, alpha-linolenic, gamma-linolenic and stearidonic acids on the metabolism of [1-14C]18:3n-3 in a carp cell culture model. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 22 (1), pp. 67-75. http://www.springerlink.com/content/0920-1742/; https://doi.org/10.1023/A%3A1007877130756

Article

Ghioni C, Tocher DR, Bell M, Dick JR & Sargent JR (1999) Low C18 to C20 fatty acid elongase activity and limited conversion of stearidonic acid, 18:4(n-3), to eicosapentaenoic acid, 20:5(n-3), in a cell line from the turbot, Scophthalmus maximus. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, 1437 (2), pp. 170-181. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1388-1981%2899%2900010-4

Article

Tocher DR, Dick JR & Sargent JR (1996) Stimulation of proliferation of an essential fatty acid-deficient fish cell line by C-20 and C-22 polyunsaturated fatty acids and effects on fatty acid composition. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, 55 (5), pp. 345-356. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0952-3278%2896%2990041-1

Article

Tocher DR, Castell JD, Dick JR & Sargent JR (1995) Effects of salinity on the fatty acid compositions of total lipid and individual glycerophospholipid classes of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) cells in culture. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 14 (2), pp. 125-137. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00002456

Article

Bell JG, Dick JR, McVicar AH, Sargent JD & Thompson K (1993) Dietary sunflower, linseed and fish oils affect phospholipid fatty acid composition, development of cardiac lesions, phospholipase activity and eicosanoid production in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, 49 (3), pp. 665-673. https://doi.org/10.1016/0952-3278%2893%2990075-8

Article

Bell JG, Dick JR, Sargent JR & McVicar AH (1992) Dietary linoleic acid affects phospholipid fatty acid composition in heart and eicosanoid production by cardiomyocetes from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A: Comparative Physiology, 103 (2), pp. 337-342. https://doi.org/10.1016/0300-9629%2892%2990591-D