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Article

Replacement of fish oil with a DHA-rich algal meal derived from Schizochytrium sp. on the fatty acid and persistent organic pollutant levels in diets and flesh of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar, L.) post-smolts

Citation
Sprague M, Walton J, Campbell P, Strachan F, Dick JR & Bell JG (2015) Replacement of fish oil with a DHA-rich algal meal derived from Schizochytrium sp. on the fatty acid and persistent organic pollutant levels in diets and flesh of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar, L.) post-smolts. Food Chemistry, 185, pp. 413-421. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.03.150

Abstract
The replacement of fish oil (FO) with a DHA-rich Schizochytrium sp. algal meal (AM) at two inclusion levels (11% and 5.5% of diet) was tested in Atlantic salmon post-smolts compared to fish fed a FO diet of northern (NFO) or southern hemisphere (SFO) origin. Fish were preconditioned prior to the 19-week experimental feeding period to reduce long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) and persistent organic pollutant levels (POPs). Dietary POP levels differed significantly between treatments in the order of NFO>SFO>11AM/5.5AM and were subsequently reflected in the flesh. Fish fed the 11AM diet contained similar DHA levels (g.100g-1 flesh) to FO-fed fish, despite percentage differences. However, the low levels of EPA in the diets and flesh of algal-fed fish compromised the overall nutritional value to the final consumer. Nevertheless, further developments in microalgae culture offer a promising alternative lipid source of LC-PUFA to FO in salmon feeds that warrants further investigation.

Keywords
Atlantic salmon; Salmo salar; Schizochytrium sp. algal-meal; fish oil replacement; fatty acids; persistent organic pollutants (POPs); PCDD/Fs; DL-PCBs; PBDEs.

Journal
Food Chemistry: Volume 185

StatusPublished
Author(s)Sprague, Matthew; Walton, Jamie; Campbell, Patrick; Strachan, Fiona; Dick, James R; Bell, J Gordon
Publication date31/10/2015
Publication date online10/04/2015
Date accepted by journal31/03/2015
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/22034
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0308-8146
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