Article

No transfer of the non-regulated mycotoxins, beauvericin and enniatins, from feeds to farmed fish reared on plant-based diets

Citation

Nácher-Mestre J, Beltrán E, Strachan F, Dick JR, Pérez-Sánchez J, Berntssen MHG & Tocher DR (2020) No transfer of the non-regulated mycotoxins, beauvericin and enniatins, from feeds to farmed fish reared on plant-based diets. Food Chemistry, 323, Art. No.: 126773. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.126773

Abstract
Concern about the risk of exposure to emerging plant-derived mycotoxins such as beauvericin and enniatins has been addressed by the European Commission who requested the European Food Safety Authority for a scientific opinion on their risk to human and animal health. The studied mycotoxins were found in feeds with enniatin B and beauvericin at average concentrations of 19.9 μg/kg and 30 μg/kg, respectively. In all cases, concentrations of all the mycotoxins analyzed were below quantification limits (< 0.1 μg/kg) in fish samples (n = 82). The present work provides comprehensive and traceable data of emerging mycotoxins in plant-based aquafeeds and fish reared on the feeds, responding to increasing concerns about safety of farmed fish fed on sustainable feeds. On the basis of data reported, there was no transfer of the emerging mycotoxins, beauvericin and enniatins, from feeds to fish and so, no risk for human consumption.

Keywords
mycotoxins; fish; feed; liquid chromatography; mass spectrometry; transfer; Atlantic salmon; sea bream

Journal
Food Chemistry: Volume 323

StatusPublished
FundersEuropean Commission (Horizon 2020)
Publication date01/09/2020
Publication date online10/04/2020
Date accepted by journal07/04/2020
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/30986
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN0308-8146