Tocher DR, Dick JR & Sargent JR (1995) Occurrence of 22∶3n−9 and 22∶4n−9 in the lipids of the topminnow (Poeciliopsis lucida) hepatic tumor cell line, PLHC-1. Lipids, 30 (6), pp. 555-565. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02537031
The lipids of the hepatic tumor cell line, PLHC-1, from the topminnow (Poeciliopsis lucida), were found to contain considerable amounts of a range of n−9 polyunsaturated fatty acids despite culture in serum containing significant amounts of essential fatty acids. The structural identity of all the n−9 polyunsaturated fatty acids was confirmed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Of particular interest, PLHC-1 cell total lipid contained 1.9% of 22∶3n−9 and 3.3% of 22∶4n−9. As the culture medium contained virtually no n−9 polyunsaturated fatty acids, these fatty acids are all formed by the PLHC-1 cells, presumably form 18∶1n−9. The 22∶3n−9 and 22∶4n−9 are presumably formed by processes of elongation and “Δ4” desaturation of Mead acid, 20∶3n−9, present at over 11% in fatty acids of total lipid. Both 22∶3n−9 and 22∶4n−9 were primarily located in phosphatidylserine (4.1 and 8.5% respectively) and, to a lesser extent, in phosphatidylethanolamine (2.2 and 6.5%, respectively), in common with the C22 derivatives of the n−3 and n−6 series, whereas 20∶3n−9 was preferentially located in phosphatidylinositol (31.2%). The results establish that long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids of the n−9 series can be formed in vertebrate tissue other than in conditions of classical essential fatty acid deficiency.
Lipids: Volume 30, Issue 6