Professor Tessa Parkes

Professor

Faculty of Social Sciences Colin Bell Building, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA

Professor Tessa Parkes

Share a link

About me

About me

Tessa holds a personal Chair in Substance Use and Inclusion Health. She is also Co-Director of the Salvation Army Centre for Addiction Services and Research at the University of Stirling where she leads a number of research and knowledge exchange projects focused on the reduction of harms and promotion of health and well-being for those impacted by social and health inequalities. She job shares this role with Dr Hannah Carver.

Tessa has experience in the statutory and non-statutory health, social care and housing/ homelessness sectors as a front-line support worker, team leader, and mental health nurse, and has provided consultancy and training to a wide variety of organisations focused on service improvement to better meet the needs of healthcare users with mental health issues including related to problem use of substances. She has a track record of creating positive impact on policy and practice through research. For 20 years her research activity has centred on enhancing the experience of people who use health/social care services, with a clear commitment to social justice, health equity and advocacy for poorly serviced groups including people who use alcohol and drugs.

She has participated in national committees related to drugs and alcohol and equalities, such as the Partnership for Action on Drugs in Scotland, the Drugs Death Taskforce and sub-groups on multiple and complex needs and criminal justice, and Research England’s Research Excellence Framework Equality and Diversity Panel (EDAP) for the full assessment period (2017-2023). She is grant holder and Co-Deputy Director (job share) for the Drugs Research Network Scotland (DRNS).

Award

An international and intersectional dialogue on how to reduce harm and promote wellbeing amongst people who have housing, health and substance use challenges: A series of knowledge exchange events
Scottish Universities Insight Institute

http://www.scottishinsight.ac.uk/…827/Default.aspx
People who experience homelessness often have intersecting health problems including poor mental and physical health and problem substance use (Hewett & Halligan 2010). The co-occurrence of these three problems has been termed ‘tri-morbidity’. Problem substance use is often a contributing factor to someone becoming homeless and accounts for over a third of deaths in homeless people (Crisis 2011). Engagement with treatment services, particularly those which expect abstinence, can be extremely challenging (Collins et al. 2016). While harm reduction approaches are recommended for those unlikely to achieve abstinence (Raistrick et al. 2006), there is virtually no specific guidance on how harms from problem substance use can be reduced for homeless people. International models of care and housing provision exist but their relevance to Scotland has not been systematically explored. To address this gap we will create a dialogue on international, national and local best practices in this area and, most critically, on how we can work better together across sectors and disciplines to develop Scottish solutions. We will bring together a diverse group who have substantial knowledge of the issues to develop a nuanced understanding of the current position and how this can better inform policy and practice developments going forward.


Research (31)

My research activities centre on drug and alcohol use, homelessness, harm reduction, social inequalities, the role of peers in transforming services for people who use substances. I am a mixed methods researcher experienced in intervention development and research that meanigfully involves people whose lives are effected by the issues being studied.

Projects

Understanding mental health and substance use service utilisation by people released from prison: A mixed-methods study
PI: Dr Catriona Connell
Funded by: Chief Scientist Office

Drugs Research Network Scotland Phase 2
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: Scottish Funding Council

Developing an Intervention to Manage Benzodiazepine Dependence and High Risk Use in the Context of Escalating Drug Related Deaths: A feasibility study
PI: Professor Catriona Matheson
Funded by: Chief Scientist Office

Digital inclusion for the prevention of drug deaths proposal
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: Scottish Government

Researching and developing key components of a new Scottish Drug Checking service
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: CORRA Foundation

See beyond, see the lives Scotland
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: Scottish Health Action on Alcohol Problems

A System Approach to Exploring Syndemic Health and Social Condition Clustering Among Individuals Who Experience A Drug Related Death: Developmental Work For Co-Produced Interventions
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: Chief Scientist Office

Overdose detection and responder alert technologies: transforming preventative care for those most at risk of drug-related death
PI: Professor Catriona Matheson
Funded by: Scottish Government

Assessing prescription opioid overdose risk (POOR) via a quality improvement process led by Fife Pharmacy and scoping the feasibility of a specific overdose prevention intervention (distribution of and training in administration of intrasnasal take home naloxone) delivered by Community Pharmacists in NHS Fife.
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: NHS Fife

Feasibility and acceptability of an overdose prevention intervention delivered by Community Pharmacists for patients prescribed opioids for chronic non cancer pain
PI:
Funded by: Scottish Government

Interventions to improve prosocial occupational participation for people released from prison: A systematic review
PI: Dr Catriona Connell
Funded by: Royal College of Occupational Therapists

How might the ‘Youth in Iceland Model’ for preventing substance use among young people be developed and adapted for use in Dundee, Scotland?
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: Society for the Study of Addiction

Perceptions and attitudes of strategic decision-makers and affected families across Scotland towards Drug Consumption Rooms to prevent drug-related deaths
PI:
Funded by: Scottish Government

Testing blood oxygen monitoring among people who use drugs to promote awareness of respiratory and cardiac health
PI: Professor Catriona Matheson
Funded by: CORRA Foundation

Assessing the impacts of novel coronavirus outbreaks on people who use drugs, drug-related deaths and the effectiveness of service responses to them; a systematic review to inform practice and drug policy responses to COVID-19 in Scotland
PI: Dr Hannah Carver
Funded by: Scottish Government

Understanding the health impacts of social responses to Covid-19 on people who use drugs in Scotland
PI: Professor Catriona Matheson
Funded by: Chief Scientist Office

Managed alcohol programmes: Implementation of a novel intervention to help prevent infection (Covid-19) for people experiencing alcohol dependency and homelessness
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: Chief Scientist Office

Stress and mental health challenges experienced by third sector homelessness services workers during the Covid-19 pandemic in Scotland
PI: Dr Hannah Carver
Funded by: Chief Scientist Office

Drugs Research Network Scotland (Host)
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: Scottish Funding Council

Learning lessons from rapid changes to a UK homeless service in response to Covid-19.
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: The Salvation Army

Harm reduction intervention for severe drug and/or alcohol dependence among people who are homeless
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: National Institute for Health Research

Experiences of Housing First for service users and staff in a Salvation Army service
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: The Salvation Army

Evidence review on homelessness, substance use and metal health
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: Health Research Board

Scoping the feasibility and acceptability of Managed Alcohol Programmes for people who are homeless in community-based, third sector services in Scotland.
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: Chief Scientist Office

Process Evaluation of Alcohol Brief Interventions in wider settings (Young People and Social Work)
PI:
Funded by: NHS Health Scotland

Work for Drug Policy Unit, Scottish Government
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: Scottish Government

Evaluation of the Improving Relationships in Scottish Prisons
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: The Sutherland Trust

WHO Alcohol and Prisons report
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: ISD Scotland

An evaluation to assess the implementation of NHS delivered Alcohol Brief Interventions in Primary Care
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: NHS Health Scotland

The social, political and cultural construction of Methadone Maintenance Therapy in Contemporary Societies
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: The British Academy

Prison Health Needs Assessment for Alcohol Problems
PI: Professor Tessa Parkes
Funded by: NHS Health Scotland

Outputs (85)

Outputs

Article

Parkes T, Matheson C, Carver H, Foster R, Budd J, Liddell D, Wallace J, Pauly B, Fotopoulou M, Burley A, Anderson I, Price T, Schofield J & MacLennan G (2022) Assessing the feasibility, acceptability and accessibility of a peer-delivered intervention to reduce harm and improve the well-being of people who experience homelessness with problem substance use: the SHARPS study. Harm Reduction Journal, 19 (1), Art. No.: 10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-021-00582-5

Article

Parkes T, Price T, Foster R, Trayner KMA, Sumnall HR, Livingston W, Perkins A, Cairns B, Dumbrell J & Nicholls J (2022) ‘Why would we not want to keep everybody safe?’ The views of family members of people who use drugs on the implementation of drug consumption rooms in Scotland. Harm Reduction Journal, 19 (1), Art. No.: 99. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-022-00679-5

Review

Masterton W, Falzon D, Burton G, Carver H, Wallace B, Aston EV, Sumnall H, Measham F, Gittins R, Craik V, Schofield J, Little S & Parkes T (2022) A Realist Review of How Community-Based Drug Checking Services Could Be Designed and Implemented to Promote Engagement of People Who Use Drugs. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (19). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191911960

Article

Carver H, Price T, Falzon D, McCulloch P & Parkes T (2022) Stress and Wellbeing during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Mixed-Methods Exploration of Frontline Homelessness Services Staff Experiences in Scotland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (6), Art. No.: 3659. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063659

Article

Parkes T, Matheson C, Carver H, Foster R, Budd J, Liddell D, Wallace J, Pauly B, Fotopoulou M, Burley A, Anderson I & MacLennan G (2022) A peer-delivered intervention to reduce harm and improve the well-being of homeless people with problem substance use: the SHARPS feasibility mixed-methods study. Health Technology Assessment, 26 (14), pp. 1-128. https://doi.org/10.3310/wvvl4786

Research Report

Daneshvar H, Oteo A, Schofield J, Parkes T, Matheson C & Baldacchino A (2022) Mapping of Overdose Detection and Alert Technologies: A Summary. Digital Lifelines Scotland. https://digitallifelines.scot/media/1115/digital-lifelines-odart-mapping-summary.pdf

Research Report

Matheson C, Carver H, Parkes T, Daneshvar H, Schofield J, Dumbrell J, Connell C, Price T & Hnizdilova K (2022) Digital Inclusion to Prevent Drug Related Deaths: Scoping user needs. Scottish Government. Edinburgh. https://view.officeapps.live.com/op/view.aspx?src=https%3A%2F%2Fdigitallifelines.scot%2Fmedia%2F1111%2Fdigital-lifelines-user-needs-slide-deck-drns-jan-2022.pptx&wdOrigin=BROWSELINK

Article

Parkes T, Carver H, Masterton W, Booth H, Ball L, Murdoch H, Falzon D, Pauly BM & Matheson C (2021) Exploring the Potential of Implementing Managed Alcohol Programmes to Reduce Risk of COVID-19 Infection and Transmission, and Wider Harms, for People Experiencing Alcohol Dependency and Homelessness in Scotland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (23), Art. No.: 12523. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312523

Article

Parkes T, Carver H, Masterton W, Falzon D, Dumbrell J, Grant S & Wilson I (2021) 'They already operated like it was a crisis, because it always has been a crisis': a qualitative exploration of the response of one homeless service in Scotland to the COVID-19 pandemic. Harm Reduction Journal, 18, Art. No.: 26. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-021-00472-w

Article

Price T, Parkes T & Malloch M (2021) 'Discursive struggles' between criminal justice sanctions and health interventions for people who use drugs: a qualitative exploration of diversion policy and practice in Scotland. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 28 (2), pp. 118-126. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687637.2020.1775180

Article

Parkes T, Carver H, Masterton W, Falzon D, Dumbrell J, Grant S & Wilson I (2021) "You know, we can change the services to suit the circumstances of what is happening in the world": a rapid case study of the COVID-19 response across city centre homelessness and health services in Edinburgh, Scotland. Harm Reduction Journal, 18, Art. No.: 64. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-021-00508-1

Commentary

Foster R, Carver H, Wallace J, Dunedin A, Burridge S, Foley P, Pauly B & Parkes T (2021) "PPI? That sounds like Payment Protection Insurance": Reflections and learning from a substance use and homelessness study Experts by Experience group. Research Involvement and Engagement, 7 (1), Art. No.: 82. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40900-021-00324-8

Project Report

Parkes T, Carver H, Matheson C, Pauly B, McCulloch P, Browne T, Masterton W & Booth H (2021) Managed alcohol programmes: Scoping the potential of a novel intervention to help prevent infection (COVID-19) for people experiencing alcohol dependency and homelessness - Staff [COVID-19 MAPs Study Briefing - Staff]. Chief Scientist Office. University of Stirling.

Project Report

Parkes T, Carver H, Matheson C, Pauly B, McCulloch P, Browne T, Masterton W & Booth H (2021) Managed alcohol programmes: Scoping the potential of a novel intervention to help prevent infection (COVID-19) for people experiencing alcohol dependency and homelessness - Clients [COVID-19 MAPs Study Briefing - Clients]. Chief Scientist Office. University of Stirling.

Article

Carver H, McCulloch P & Parkes T (2021) How might the 'Icelandic model' for preventing substance use among young people be developed and adapted for use in Scotland? Utilising the consolidated framework for implementation research in a qualitative exploratory study. BMC Public Health, 21, Art. No.: 1742. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11828-z

Website Content

Schofield J, Matheson C, Browne T, Dumbrell J, Parkes T, Bancroft A & Galip I (2020) The impacts of COVID-19 on people who use drugs. The impacts of COVID-19 on people who use drugs (1.0) [Website] 20.11.2020. https://covid-drugs.stir.ac.uk/

Article

Parkes T, Matheson C, Carver H, Budd J, Liddell D, Wallace J, Pauly B, Fotopoulou M, Burley A, Anderson I, MacLennan G & Foster R (2019) Supporting Harm Reduction through Peer Support (SHARPS): testing the feasibility and acceptability of a peer-delivered, relational intervention for people with problem substance use who are homeless, to improve health outcomes, quality of life and social functioning and reduce harms: study protocol. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 5 (1), Art. No.: 64. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40814-019-0447-0

Article

Stead M, Parkes T, Nicoll A, Wilson S, Burgess C, Eadie D, Fitzgerald N, McKell J, Reid G, Jepson R, McAteer J & Bauld L (2017) Delivery of alcohol brief interventions in community-based youth work settings: exploring feasibility and acceptability in a qualitative study. BMC Public Health, 17 (1), Art. No.: 357. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4256-1

Meeting Abstract

Parkes T, Stead M, Eadie D, Nicoll A, McKell J, Bauld L, Wilson S, Burgess C, Reid G, McAteer J & Jepson R (2013) Alcohol brief interventions in youth and social work settings in Scotland. International Network on Brief Interventions for Alcohol and Other Drugs (INEBRIA) Meeting 2013, Rome, Italy, 18/09/2013 - 20/09/2013. Addiction Science and Clinical Practice, 8 (Supplement 1), p. A52. http://ascpjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1940-0640-8-S1-A52; https://doi.org/10.1186/1940-0640-8-S1-A52

Article

Taylor J, Parkes T, Haw S, Jepson R & Taylor J (2012) Military veterans with mental health problems: a protocol for a systematic review to identify whether they have an additional risk of contact with criminal justice systems compared with other veterans groups. Systematic Reviews, 1 (1), Art. No.: 53. https://doi.org/10.1186/2046-4053-1-53

Lecture

Parkes T (2011) The evaluation of ABI implementation (Presentation) Alcohol Brief Interventions National Event 2011, Glasgow, UK, 06.09.2011-06.09.2011. http://www.healthscotland.com/documents/5990.aspx

Lecture

Parkes T (2011) Prison Health Needs Assessment for Alcohol Problems (Keynote address) (Presentation) Alcohol and Offenders National Event 2011, Edinburgh, UK, 08.02.2011-08.02.2011. http://www.healthscotland.com/uploads/documents/15169-TessaParkesPrison%20health%20needs%20assessment%20for%20alcohol.pdf

Lecture

Parkes T & Wardman D (2010) "Sometimes our people get tossed out of the system": Accessibility and appropriateness of Methadone Maintenance Treatment/Therapy (MMT) and harm reduction services for Aboriginal peoples in British Columbia, Canada (Presentation) Harm Reduction 2010: "Harm Reduction - The Next Generation": 21st International Harm Reduction Association Annual Conference, Liverpool, UK, 25.04.2010-29.04.2010.

Lecture

Glenister D, Parkes T, Tilley S & Ryan D (2009) Process in the life-world or progression through the institution? How nursing academic careers weave personal knowledge and discontinuous narratives into conversations of multiple identities (Presentation) Third CETL Conference 2009: "Beyond Teaching and Research: Inclusive Understandings of Academic Practice", Oxford, UK, 13.12.2009-15.12.2009.

Conference Paper (unpublished)

Parkes T (2009) "Between a Rock and a Hard Place": Creating healthcare system change by privileging client experience within Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) in British Columbia. 10th Annual Interdisciplinary Research Conference: "Transforming Healthcare through Research Education and Technology", Dublin, Ireland, 04.11.2009-05.11.2009. http://nursing-midwifery.tcd.ie/assets/events-conference/doc-2009/book_of_abstracts_nov_2009.pdf

Conference Paper (unpublished)

Parkes T, Salmon A, Coull AF & Gloyn S (2009) I and Thou: Refocusing on relationality in substance use treatment. "Models, implications and meanings of alcohol and drug treatment systems": Thematic meeting of the Kettil Bruun Society for Social and Epidemiological Research on Alcohol 2009, Stockholm, Sweden, 07.10.2009-09.10.2009.

Research Report

Salmon A, Livingston A, Browne A, Pederson A, Dykstra L, Ham J & Parkes T (2009) "Me, I'm Living It": The Primary Health Care Experiences of Women who use Drugs in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside: Summary of Findings from the VANDU Women's Clinic Action Research for Empowerment Study. The British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Women’s Health. http://www.bccewh.bc.ca/publications-resources/documents/MeImLivingit.pdf

Book Chapter

Chambers M, Glenister D, Kelly CE & Parkes T (2004) Involving individuals in mental health nursing education. In: Tilley S (ed.) Psychiatric and mental health nursing: the field of knowledge. First ed. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 114-128. http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-0632058455.html