Dr Hannah Graham

Sociology/Social Pol&Criminology Colin Bell Building, University of Stirling Stirling FK9 4LA United Kingdom

About me

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Dr Hannah Graham is a Lecturer in Criminology in the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research (SCCJR) in the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Stirling.

In her work as a criminologist and social scientist, Hannah’s research, writing, public speaking and teaching centre on three areas of recognised expertise:

  • criminal justice and the sociology of punishment, particularly focusing on probation and community justice, electronic monitoring tagging technologies and digital justice, therapeutic justice and problem-solving court approaches, and reducing the use of prison (decarceration and diversion) in effective and ethical ways.
  • rehabilitation, desistance from crime and re/integration – why people stop offending and embark on the process of change, and how professionals, systems, governments, communities and civic society can better support people in the process of leaving crime behind. Also, she has researched and written on rehabilitation theories, models, and approaches;
  • innovation, justice and change – analysing pioneering ideas and initiatives from the frontiers of criminal justice, social justice and social innovation, understanding those who lead and influence change, innovative uses of the arts and creativity in pursuit of justice and change, and investigating the ethics of what is claimed to be ‘innovative justice’.

Hannah is an Editor of the European Journal of Probation (SAGE), and an International Advisory Board member of the Probation Journal (SAGE). She has written three books published internationally by Routledge: Rehabilitation Work: Supporting Desistance and Recovery (Graham, 2016), Innovative Justice (Graham & White, 2015), and Working with Offenders: A Guide to Concepts and Practices (White & Graham, 2010). Hannah is currently working on a large international edited book project about rehabilitative work in criminal justice with fellow editors Fergus McNeill, Peter Raynor, Faye Taxman, Chris Trotter and Pamela Ugwudike, which will be published internationally by Routledge.

Dr Graham’s research involves working with governments and parliaments, criminal justice agencies, third sector charities and community groups to seek real-world changes to policy and practice. For example, since January 2015, her research has focused on understanding and advancing the uses of electronic monitoring tagging in Scotland and Europe, working as a member of a team of international experts from Scotland, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, and England and Wales. The European electronic monitoring comparative research project was funded by the Criminal Justice Programme of the European Commission (JUST/2013/JPEN/AG/4510), and the Scottish electronic monitoring research was funded by the Scottish Government. This European comparative research is one of the first of its kind in the world, offering some of the first comparative insights in Europe into the uses of electronic monitoring as an alternative to imprisonment in EU Member States. Working with fellow Stirling University criminologist Prof Gill McIvor, their research recommendations have already been influential in communication and collaboration with Scottish Government policymakers and, together with the contributions of a recent expert working group, have ahelped to inform real world changes to electronic monitoring policy and practice in Scotland, and their research has been sought and used by policymakers in other jurisdictions.

From 2006-2014, Hannah worked in Criminology and Sociology at the University of Tasmania, Australia. She holds a PhD, a Masters of Criminology & Corrections, and a Bachelor of Arts (Sociology and Psychology) from the University of Tasmania, Australia.

In addition to her ownTwitter account @DrHannahGraham, Hannah also tweets for the University of Stirling Criminology team account @StirlingUniCrim, the European Journal of Probation account @EuroJProbation,and she operates an international Innovative Justice knowledge exchange account @Innovative_Just


  • Faculty Innovation Fellowship recipient (2017-2018)
    Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology
    DescriptionThe aim of the Faculty Innovation Fellowship is to support innovative practice in relation to learning and teaching, and the student experience. Dr Hannah Graham was awarded a Faculty Innovation Fellowship for the teaching year 2017-2018 to undertake a project, in collaboration with others, titled 'creative (ex)change: giving voice to imaginative insights in Criminology and Sociology.' This innovation fellowship project seeks to infuse the core research methods modules at Honours and Masters-level within the Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology (SSPC) teaching programme with a more explicit emphasis on creativity, participation in the arts (poetry, narrative, songwriting, visual methods), reflexivity and innovation in scholarly teaching and learning.

Divisional/Faculty Contribution

  • Member of the Faculty of Social Sciences Research and Knowledge Exchange Committee
    MeritFaculty committee member
  • Research Leader convening the Crime and Justice Research Group in the Faculty of Social Sciences


  • Digital Justice Scotland 2017
    DescriptionElectronic Monitoring and Justice: Uses, Purposes and Questions  - Overview of current uses and purposes of electronic monitoring in Scottish criminal justice and selected international jurisdictions;   - Featured findings from cutting-edge comparative research on electronic monitoring in the EU, including in Scotland;  - Exploration of the interfaces of digital justice, criminal justice and social justice, raising reflexive questions.
    Type of eventConference
    LocationUniversity of Strathclyde
    KeywordsCriminology; Criminal Justice; Electronic Monitoring; Tagging; Technology; Digital Justice;
  • 3rd World Congress on Probation
    DescriptionThis paper presentation considers some of the forms and functions of innovation in probation and community justice. It draws on applied examples and aspects of recent international research investigating ‘innovative justice’ (Graham and White, 2014, 2015, 2016; White and Graham, 2016; Graham, 2015a; 2015b) and is informed by aspects of a forthcoming (December 2017) Special Issue on innovation of the European Journal of Probation, a journal and Special Issue of which I have the privilege of being an Editor. Interdisciplinary conceptual insights are harnessed to critically reflect on the ethics of innovation in probation and community-based contexts, including work with charities and social enterprises. Not all that is new or seeking to influence change in criminal justice is effective, ethical or just, underscoring a critical need to analyse what is considered to constitute penal innovation – above and beyond consideration of novelty, popularity, visibility or managerialist notions of efficiency. For whom or according to whom is an idea or initiative innovative? What are its collateral consequences? How might an innovation not only promote community and civic engagement, but be more transformative in renewing the civility of civil society towards people with criminal convictions, ‘returning citizens’? How do innovative initiatives engender and build trust, cooperation, perceptions of procedural justice and legitimacy?Charting the contours of emerging innovations in the field of probation and community justice should not be divorced from considerations of professional ideological, penological, cultural and social influences that gave rise to such changes.
    Type of eventConference
    LocationTokyo, Japan
    KeywordsProbation; community sanctions and measures; community sentences; community justice; innovation; social innovation; criminology; sociology
  • Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research (SCCJR) PhD conference
    DescriptionDoctors outwith borders: Activism, influence and academic citizenship
    Type of eventConference
    LocationUniversity of Stirling
    KeywordsActivism; academia; public criminology; public engagement; politics; criminology; criminal justice; penal change; social justice; social change; academic citizenship
  • Narrative Criminology Symposium
    DescriptionAbstract: In this paper, narrative, photographic and poetic inquiry illuminate the experience of being GPS tagged and tracked, taking part in an experimental trial in Scotland. It is a reflexive tale of the teller, mediated by personal and professional biography, context and time. Drawing upon creative methods and personal narratives from a field diary, experiential insights are infused with empirical and theoretical insights to make sense of electronic monitoring and its collateral consequences. This is an account offered from the standpoint of working as a criminologist researching electronic monitoring, having shadowed electronic monitoring field officers and observed tagging in curfewed people’s homes, as well as interviewing a range of criminal justice actors about it. My own stories, emotions and meaning-making are juxtaposed against those of others to critique the pains and the possibilities of electronic monitoring and ‘embodied carcerality’. Challenges and opportunities inherent within unorthodox participatory approaches and practice-based storytelling in the penal field are explored – as a method of inquiry and a vehicle to influence penal policymaking and decision-making.
    Type of eventConference
    LocationUniversity of Oslo, Norway
    Keywordsnarrative criminology; visual methods; poetry; electronic monitoring; GPS tracking; autoethnography
  • Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology (ANZSOC) annual conference
    DescriptionElectronic monitoring in Scotland: Penological purposes, practices and professional ideologies in a season of change
    Type of eventConference
    LocationHobart, Tasmania, Australia
    KeywordsCriminology; electronic monitoring; tagging; criminal justice; punishment; probation; criminal justice social work; penology; professional ideologies
  • Reintegration: Throughcare to What? Symposium
    DescriptionInnovation at the interfaces: Supporting desistance and reintegration
    Type of eventConference
    LocationUniversity of Tasmania
    KeywordsCriminology; criminal justice; prisoner reintegration; desistance from crime; innovation; social innovation; criminal justice; social justice; community justice
  • Alternatives to Detention in Central and Eastern European Countries
    DescriptionConference plenary abstract: Dr Hannah Graham Conversations about rehabilitation and supporting desistance have been dominated by academics and policymakers, without due recognition of the experiences and knowledge of practitioners. Not enough is known about the cultures and conditions in which rehabilitation and criminal justice work occurs. This presentation draws on the findings of research conducted with different types of practitioners, the researcher's observations and rehabilitation and desistance literatures to reveal compelling differences between official accounts and what practitioners actually do in practice. Applied examples of how practitioners collaborate, lead and innovate in the midst of challenging work are complemented with evocative illustrations of practitioner humour, creativity and resilience. The presentation considers the influence of professional ideologies and cultures in probation and other criminal justice work. It includes an analytical critique of the issues and implications involved in narrow technical portrayals of practitioners as single-mindedly focused on reducing criminogenic risk, even in contexts where the Risk-Need-Responsivity model of offender rehabilitation is used. There is much more to their work than the tools and models that they use. The importance of valuing practitioner perspectives is underscored as an essential element for changing rehabilitation cultures in probation and community justice, including better supporting those who support rehabilitation and desistance.
    Type of eventConference
    LocationDubrovnik, Croatia
    KeywordsCriminology; criminal justice; probation; community justice; community sanctions and measures; rehabilitation; desistance from crime; professions; work; qualitative methods; practitioner research
  • Alternatives to Custody: Making Effective Use of Electronic Monitoring
    Type of eventWorkshop
  • Alternatives to Custody: making effective use of electronic monitoring
    Type of eventWorkshop
    LocationAyr, Scotland
  • Women and Remand in Scotland
    DescriptionElectronic Monitoring as an Alternative to Custody in Scotland
    Type of eventSeminar
    LocationUniversity of Strathclyde, Glasgow
    KeywordsElectronic monitoring; tagging; women; gender; remand; bail; alternatives to custody; Scotland
  • European Society of Criminology Community Sanctions and Measures Working Group (9th Annual Seminar)
    Community Sanctions and Measures Working Group
    DescriptionThe Sociology of Rehabilitation Work: Supporting Desistance and Recovery
    Type of eventSeminar
    LocationDublin, Ireland
    KeywordsCriminology; criminal justice; sociology; probation; community justice; rehabilitation; desistance from crime; recovery; sociology of work; professions; qualitative methods; practitioner research
  • Electronic Monitoring in Europe: UK and European Perspectives
    DescriptionElectronic Monitoring in Scotland: Current Uses and Key Recommendations
    Type of eventConference
    Keywordselectronic monitoring; tagging technologies; community justice; decarceration; alternatives to custody; criminology; criminal justice; comparative research; Europe
  • 'Bridging Research, Policy and Practice Conference' Third International Conference of the COST Action IS1106 Offender Supervision in Europe
    Type of eventConference
    LocationVrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels
    KeywordsProbation; Offender supervision; Community Sanctions and Measures; Community Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology; Penal Policy; Comparative Penology; Europe
  • Electronic Monitoring in Europe
    DescriptionMcIvor, G., & Graham, H. (2016) 'Electronic Monitoring in Scotland' Plenary research presentation at the EU-funded international conference 'Electronic Monitoring in Europe', on 18th February 2016 at the International Associations Centre, Brussels, Belgium.
    Type of eventConference
    LocationBrussels, Belgium
    Keywordselectronic monitoring; tagging technologies; criminal justice; criminology; comparative research; comparative penology; alternatives to custody; community justice; Scotland
  • 'Compliance, Enforcement and Breach' Second International Conference of the COST Action IS1106 Offender Supervision in Europe
    LocationDivani Caravel Hotel, Athens, Greece
    KeywordsProbation; Offender Supervision; Community Sanctions and Measures; Community Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology; Compliance; Penal Policymaking; Comparative Perspectives; Europe
  • Australian and New Zealand Critical Criminology Conference 2014 (8th Annual)
    DescriptionUnderstanding Desistance from Crime: Engaging the Critics
    Type of eventConference
    LocationMelbourne, Australia
    KeywordsDesistance from crime; desistance paradigm; critical criminology; criminological theories
  • Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology (ANZSOC) Conference: Testing the Edges: Challenging Criminology
    DescriptionGreening Justice: The ecology of social and environmental rehabilitation
    Type of eventConference
    KeywordsCriminology; Greening Justice; Criminal Justice; Social Justice; Ecological Justice; Environment; Sustainability; Penal Change; Innovation; Innovative Justice; Prisons; Courts; Policing; Social Enterprise
  • Reintegration Puzzle Conference Singapore 2014
    DescriptionInnovative Justice: Reintegration Done Differently, Making a Difference
    Type of eventConference
    KeywordsInnovation; innovative justice; criminal justice; social justice; social innovation; reintegration
  • European Forum for Restorative Justice 8th International Conference
    DescriptionInnovative Justice: Restoring Futures, Enabling Change
    Type of eventConference
    LocationBelfast, Northern Ireland
    Keywordssocial innovation; innovative justice; restorative justice; criminal justice; social justice; restorative reintegration; criminology; supporting desistance
  • Australian and New Zealand Critical Criminology Conference 2012
    DescriptionSubject to Change: Identity, Culture and Change in the Alcohol and Other Drugs Sector in Tasmania
    Type of eventConference
    KeywordsCritical Criminology; Alcohol and Other Drugs; Addictions; Rehabilitation; Workforce Development; Practitioners; Sociologies of Work and the Professions; Workforce Change; Organisational Culture; Supporting Recovery; Helping Professions
  • Australian and New Zealand Critical Criminology Conference 'Changing the Way We Think About Change: Shifting Boundaries, Changing Lives'
    Type of eventConference
    LocationUniversity of Tasmania, Australia
    KeywordsCriminology; Critical Criminology; Critical Theory; Punishment; Criminal Justice; Social Justice; Social Change
  • Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs Council of Tasmania (ATDC) 'Challenging Conversations: Creating an Inclusive System' 2012 Conference
    DescriptionPromising Practices from the Tasmanian Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs and Justice Sectors
    Type of eventConference
    LocationHobart, Australia
    Keywordsalcohol and drugs; addiction; criminal justice; supporting desistance; recovery; rehabilitation; reintegration; organisational culture; workforce development; sociology of work; change

Other academic activities

  • International Advisory Board Member of 'Probation Journal: The Journal of Community and Criminal Justice'
  • Editorial Board member for Scottish Justice Matters journal
  • An Editor-in-Chief of the European Journal of Probation (SAGE Criminology)
    European Journal of Probation
    DescriptionProbation; community sanctions and measures; community justice; offender supervision; parole; therapeutic jurisprudence and problem-solving approaches; community service; community payback; electronic monitoring; criminal justice voluntary sector/third sector; desistance from crime; reducing reoffending.
    MeritJournal editor
  • Media contribution: 'Smarter justice: Scotland has been praised for its efforts to move towards more community sentences'
    Holyrood Magazine
    DescriptionMedia contribution to article by Jenni Davidson in Holyrood Magazine on 26 October 2017 on 'Smarter justice: Scotland has been praised for its efforts to move towards more community sentences.' http://www.holyrood.com/articles/inside-politics/smarter-justice-scotland-has-been-praised-its-efforts-move-towards-more
  • Media contribution to 'Force warned over widening the use of electronic tags on offenders' article by Chris Marshall in Scotland on Sunday (Scotsman) newspaper, 30 July 2017.
    Scotland on Sunday
    DescriptionArticle about the potential introduction of GPS electronic monitoring in Scotland, privacy law and data protection, and the implications of Police Scotland access to GPS tracking data for the purpose of criminal investigation and surveillance.The article is available online at: http://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/police-warned-over-widening-use-of-gps-tagging-on-offenders-1-4517641/amp 
  • Media contribution: 'Scotland urged to take European approach to tackle reoffending'
    DescriptionStirling University researchers say electronic tagging could be used to greater effect. Scotland should follow the example of its European neighbours and introduce more electronic tagging to helpreduce its swollen prison population, according to research. The country has one of the highest proportions of prisonersin western Europe,withone in every 700 people in jail. Curfews enforced by putting monitoring equipment in offenders' homesareoften imposed by courts as an alternative to custody butStirling University criminologists say tagging could be used to even greater effect. A report by Professor Gill McIvor and Dr Hannah Graham says tailored approaches, as used in the Netherlands and Scandinavian countries, could be more effective in tackling reoffending.Full text available at: http://stv.tv/news/stirling-central/1359301-electronic-tagging-to-reduce-scotland-s-swollen-prison-numbers/
  • Media contribution: 'Criminologists recommend improvements to prisoner tagging'
    DescriptionFull text of media contribution can be found here: http://www.scottishlegal.com/2016/07/01/criminologists-recommend-improvements-to-prisoner-tagging/
  • Media contribution: 'Scotland urged to take European approach to tackle re-offending' STV News, Scotland, 1 July 2016.
    DescriptionFull article can be found here: http://stv.tv/news/stirling-central/1359301-electronic-tagging-to-reduce-scotland-s-swollen-prison-numbers/

Professional membership

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