Dr Hannah Graham (PhD, M. Crim., BA) is a Lecturer in Criminology in the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research (SCCJR) in the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Stirling. She joined the university in January 2015 after working as an academic at the University of Tasmania, Australia.
Hannah’s research, writing and teaching centre on a few areas of recognised expertise:
Criminal justice and the sociology of punishment
Rehabilitation, desistance and re/integration
Innovation and justice
As a criminologist and social scientist, Hannah works with governments and parliaments, practitioners across diverse organisations, individual citizens and civic society to help inform real world change. She has made contributions in Scottish, European and Australasian contexts. Working with fellow Stirling criminologist Professor Gill McIvor, Hannah co-led the Scottish component of an EU-funded comparative research project on the uses of electronic monitoring as an alternative to imprisonment, working with an international team of experts from Belgium, England & Wales, Germany and the Netherlands. This comparative research project is recognised as one of the first of its kind in Europe, with resources available in English, French, Dutch and German. Also, Hannah has developed a growing research agenda on innovation and justice, which she has researched, written and spoken about in different countries.
Hannah has written three books, published internationally by Routledge: Rehabilitation Work: Supporting Desistance and Recovery (Graham, 2016); Innovative Justice (Graham and White, 2015) and Working with Offenders: A Guide to Concepts and Practices (White and Graham, 2010). She is an editor of a large forthcoming edited collection, the Routledge Companion on Rehabilitative Work in Criminal Justice, with fellow editors Peter Raynor, Pamela Ugwudike, Fergus McNeill, Faye Taxman and Chris Trotter. Hannah is an Editor of the European Journal of Probation (SAGE), together with Professors Ioan Durnescu, Fergus McNeill and Martine Herzog-Evans.
Within the Faculty of Social Sciences at Stirling, Hannah is the Research Leader of the Crime and Justice research group, and a member of the Faculty Research Committee. In relation to doctoral research supervision, she welcomes enquiries in the areas of: punishment and society; community sentences; the arts, creativity and justice; technology and justice; desistance from crime; rehabilitation theories, processes and practices; comparative penology; problem-solving justice; and responsiveness to vulnerability and diversity in criminal justice contexts.
In addition to her individual Twitter account @DrHannahGraham, Hannah tweets for @Innovative_Just, as well as the University of Stirling Criminology team account @StirlingUniCrim, the European Journal of Probation account @EuroJProbation
Faculty Innovation Fellowship recipient (2017-2018) Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology –
The aim of the Faculty Innovation Fellowship is to support innovative practice in relation to learning and teaching, and the student experience. Dr Hannah Graham was awarded a Faculty Innovation Fellowship for the teaching year 2017-2018 to undertake a project, in collaboration with others, titled 'creative (ex)change: giving voice to imaginative insights in Criminology and Sociology.' This innovation fellowship project seeks to infuse the core research methods modules at Honours and Masters-level within the Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology (SSPC) teaching programme with a more explicit emphasis on creativity, participation in the arts (poetry, narrative, songwriting, visual methods), reflexivity and innovation in scholarly teaching and learning.
Member of the Faculty of Social Sciences Research and Knowledge Exchange Committee
Faculty committee member
Research Leader convening the Crime and Justice Research Group in the Faculty of Social Sciences
Student Recruitment, Marketing and University Open Day team, Faculty of Social Sciences
Academic team member of the Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology Student Recruitment and Marketing team in the Faculty of Social Sciences, contributing to University Open Days, Applicant Days, and influencing/informing the design of student recruitment and marketing materials and activities.
Adviser of Studies for Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology (SSPC) Programme in the Faculty of Social Sciences
Honours Coordinator for Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology Programme in the Faculty of Social Sciences.
REF Unit of Assessment working group co-leader -- C20 Social Work and Social Policy -- in the Faculty of Social Sciences.
Confederation of European Probation (CEP) European Electronic Monitoring conference –
Digital justice technologies and interventions are becoming increasingly used in criminal justice settings. The versatility of electronic monitoring (EM) is evident in how it is used for different offender groups, to achieve different penological purposes and across different modalities. App technologies are also becoming more prominent in the field of probation and community justice. Thinking about the uses and effectiveness of a particular technology needs to incorporate deep consideration of the ethics and purposes of how, why and by whom or with whom it is used. Reflection on what makes a certain technological approach innovative, effective and ethical and in what social context is important, as there are no panaceas or universally effective approaches in criminal justice. In this conference plenary, Dr Hannah Graham from the University of Stirling in Scotland presents alongside Deborah Thompson from Reclassering NL, the Dutch Probation Service in Utrecht, on app technologies, electronic monitoring and probation, posing ethical and practical questions for discussion in the associated conference workshop which follows the plenary.
Private Symposium on Electronic Monitoring in England and Wales –
On 18th January 2018, the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies held a symposium in London on the future of electronic monitoring of those under a criminal justice sanction in England and Wales. The symposium heard from Dr Hannah Graham, from the University of Stirling and Professor Mike Nellis, from the University of Strathclyde. Dr Graham spoke about the Scottish experience of electronic monitoring, as well as international evidence on impact and effectiveness. Professor Nellis spoke about how electronic monitoring might be used, and about the risks of its inappropriate use. The symposium was held a week before the House of Commons Public Accounts Committee published a damning assessment of the government's failed attempt to introduce a new generation of GPS-enabled tags.https://www.crimeandjustice.org.uk/news/what-future-electronic-monitoring
Electronic monitoring; tagging; criminal justice; probation; community justice; England & Wales; Scotland; GPS
Digital Justice Scotland 2017 –
Electronic Monitoring and Justice: Uses, Purposes and Questions
- Overview of current uses and purposes of electronic monitoring in Scottish criminal justice and selected international jurisdictions;
- Featured findings from cutting-edge comparative research on electronic monitoring in the EU, including in Scotland;
- Exploration of the interfaces of digital justice, criminal justice and social justice, raising reflexive questions.
Criminology; Criminal Justice; Electronic Monitoring; Tagging; Technology; Digital Justice;
3rd World Congress on Probation –
This paper presentation considers some of the forms and functions of innovation in probation and community justice. It draws on applied examples and aspects of recent international research investigating ‘innovative justice’ (Graham and White, 2014, 2015, 2016; White and Graham, 2016; Graham, 2015a; 2015b) and is informed by aspects of a forthcoming (December 2017) Special Issue on innovation of the European Journal of Probation, a journal and Special Issue of which I have the privilege of being an Editor. Interdisciplinary conceptual insights are harnessed to critically reflect on the ethics of innovation in probation and community-based contexts, including work with charities and social enterprises. Not all that is new or seeking to influence change in criminal justice is effective, ethical or just, underscoring a critical need to analyse what is considered to constitute penal innovation – above and beyond consideration of novelty, popularity, visibility or managerialist notions of efficiency. For whom or according to whom is an idea or initiative innovative? What are its collateral consequences? How might an innovation not only promote community and civic engagement, but be more transformative in renewing the civility of civil society towards people with criminal convictions, ‘returning citizens’? How do innovative initiatives engender and build trust, cooperation, perceptions of procedural justice and legitimacy?Charting the contours of emerging innovations in the field of probation and community justice should not be divorced from considerations of professional ideological, penological, cultural and social influences that gave rise to such changes.
Probation; community sanctions and measures; community sentences; community justice; innovation; social innovation; criminology; sociology
Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research (SCCJR) PhD conference –
Doctors outwith borders: Activism, influence and academic citizenship
Type of event
University of Stirling
Activism; academia; public criminology; public engagement; politics; criminology; criminal justice; penal change; social justice; social change; academic citizenship
Narrative Criminology Symposium –
Abstract: In this paper, narrative, photographic and poetic inquiry illuminate the experience of being GPS tagged and tracked, taking part in an experimental trial in Scotland. It is a reflexive tale of the teller, mediated by personal and professional biography, context and time. Drawing upon creative methods and personal narratives from a field diary, experiential insights are infused with empirical and theoretical insights to make sense of electronic monitoring and its collateral consequences. This is an account offered from the standpoint of working as a criminologist researching electronic monitoring, having shadowed electronic monitoring field officers and observed tagging in curfewed people’s homes, as well as interviewing a range of criminal justice actors about it. My own stories, emotions and meaning-making are juxtaposed against those of others to critique the pains and the possibilities of electronic monitoring and ‘embodied carcerality’. Challenges and opportunities inherent within unorthodox participatory approaches and practice-based storytelling in the penal field are explored – as a method of inquiry and a vehicle to influence penal policymaking and decision-making.
Criminology; criminal justice; prisoner reintegration; desistance from crime; innovation; social innovation; criminal justice; social justice; community justice
Alternatives to Detention in Central and Eastern European Countries –
Conference plenary abstract: Dr Hannah Graham
Conversations about rehabilitation and supporting desistance have been dominated by academics and policymakers, without due recognition of the experiences and knowledge of practitioners. Not enough is known about the cultures and conditions in which rehabilitation and criminal justice work occurs. This presentation draws on the findings of research conducted with different types of practitioners, the researcher's observations and rehabilitation and desistance literatures to reveal compelling differences between official accounts and what practitioners actually do in practice. Applied examples of how practitioners collaborate, lead and innovate in the midst of challenging work are complemented with evocative illustrations of practitioner humour, creativity and resilience. The presentation considers the influence of professional ideologies and cultures in probation and other criminal justice work. It includes an analytical critique of the issues and implications involved in narrow technical portrayals of practitioners as single-mindedly focused on reducing criminogenic risk, even in contexts where the Risk-Need-Responsivity model of offender rehabilitation is used. There is much more to their work than the tools and models that they use. The importance of valuing practitioner perspectives is underscored as an essential element for changing rehabilitation cultures in probation and community justice, including better supporting those who support rehabilitation and desistance.
Probation; Offender supervision; Community Sanctions and Measures; Community Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology; Penal Policy; Comparative Penology; Europe
Electronic Monitoring in Europe –
McIvor, G., & Graham, H. (2016) 'Electronic Monitoring in Scotland' Plenary research presentation at the EU-funded international conference 'Electronic Monitoring in Europe', on 18th February 2016 at the International Associations Centre, Brussels, Belgium.
social innovation; innovative justice; restorative justice; criminal justice; social justice; restorative reintegration; criminology; supporting desistance
Australian and New Zealand Critical Criminology Conference 2012 –
Subject to Change: Identity, Culture and Change in the Alcohol and Other Drugs Sector in Tasmania
Type of event
Critical Criminology; Alcohol and Other Drugs; Addictions; Rehabilitation; Workforce Development; Practitioners; Sociologies of Work and the Professions; Workforce Change; Organisational Culture; Supporting Recovery; Helping Professions
Australian and New Zealand Critical Criminology Conference 'Changing the Way We Think About Change: Shifting Boundaries, Changing Lives' –
Type of event
University of Tasmania, Australia
Criminology; Critical Criminology; Critical Theory; Punishment; Criminal Justice; Social Justice; Social Change
Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs Council of Tasmania (ATDC) 'Challenging Conversations: Creating an Inclusive System' 2012 Conference –
Promising Practices from the Tasmanian Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs and Justice Sectors
alcohol and drugs; addiction; criminal justice; supporting desistance; recovery; rehabilitation; reintegration; organisational culture; workforce development; sociology of work; change
Other academic activities
International Advisory Board Member of 'Probation Journal: The Journal of Community and Criminal Justice'
An Editor-in-Chief of the European Journal of Probation (SAGE Criminology) European Journal of Probation
Probation; community sanctions and measures; community justice; offender supervision; parole; therapeutic jurisprudence and problem-solving approaches; community service; community payback; electronic monitoring; criminal justice voluntary sector/third sector; desistance from crime; reducing reoffending.
Editorial Board member for Scottish Justice Matters journal
Media contribution: 'Smarter justice: Scotland has been praised for its efforts to move towards more community sentences' Holyrood Magazine –
Media contribution to article by Jenni Davidson in Holyrood Magazine on 26 October 2017 on 'Smarter justice: Scotland has been praised for its efforts to move towards more community sentences.'
Media contribution to 'Force warned over widening the use of electronic tags on offenders' article by Chris Marshall in Scotland on Sunday (Scotsman) newspaper, 30 July 2017. Scotland on Sunday –
Article about the potential introduction of GPS electronic monitoring in Scotland, privacy law and data protection, and the implications of Police Scotland access to GPS tracking data for the purpose of criminal investigation and surveillance.The article is available online at: http://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/police-warned-over-widening-use-of-gps-tagging-on-offenders-1-4517641/amp
Media contribution: 'Criminals to be satellite tracked and electronically tested for alcohol by new tags', Holyrood Magazine, 4/10/2016. –
Available online at https://www.holyrood.com/articles/news/criminals-be-satellite-tracked-and-electronically-tested-alcohol-new-tags
Media contribution: 'Criminologists recommend improvements to prisoner tagging' –
Full text of media contribution can be found here: http://www.scottishlegal.com/2016/07/01/criminologists-recommend-improvements-to-prisoner-tagging/
Media contribution: 'Scotland urged to take European approach to tackle reoffending' –
Stirling University researchers say electronic tagging could be used to greater effect. Scotland should follow the example of its European neighbours and introduce more electronic tagging to helpreduce its swollen prison population, according to research. The country has one of the highest proportions of prisonersin western Europe,withone in every 700 people in jail. Curfews enforced by putting monitoring equipment in offenders' homesareoften imposed by courts as an alternative to custody butStirling University criminologists say tagging could be used to even greater effect. A report by Professor Gill McIvor and Dr Hannah Graham says tailored approaches, as used in the Netherlands and Scandinavian countries, could be more effective in tackling reoffending.Full text available at: http://stv.tv/news/stirling-central/1359301-electronic-tagging-to-reduce-scotland-s-swollen-prison-numbers/
Media contribution: 'Scotland urged to take European approach to tackle re-offending' STV News, Scotland, 1 July 2016. –
Full article can be found here: http://stv.tv/news/stirling-central/1359301-electronic-tagging-to-reduce-scotland-s-swollen-prison-numbers/
Media contribution: ‘GPS Tracking could be used to Monitor Sex Offenders’ The Scotsman newspaper, 26/08/2015 –
Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology (ANZSOC)
Member of the National Criminal Justice Arts Alliance
Hannah Graham is currently working on a Scottish Government-funded research project with fellow criminologists Gill McIvor and Margaret Malloch and colleagues at Ipsos MORI Scotland to conduct a review of the Aberdeen problem-solving approach involving Aberdeen Sheriff Court and community justice partners. She has previously worked with Gill McIvor on a Scottish Government-funded international evidence review on the uses of electronic monitoring in criminal justice, for the Scottish Government Expert Working Group on Electronic Monitoring.
Dr Hannah Graham's research interests centre around several areas:
Criminal justice institutions, penal sanctions and processes, including their cultures, workforces, architectures and designs, geographies, technologies, leadership and people of influence, policies, practices, their collateral consequences, their alternatives, and people's lived experiences of them. She is particularly interested in probation, community justice and non-custodial initiatives;
Desistance from crime: understanding how and why people stop offending, and the relationships (professional and personal) and societal conditions which enable processes of desistance and community reintegration;
Electronic monitoring: understanding the uses of tagging and tracking technologies in criminal justice;
Social innovation, the arts and their interfaces with criminal justice and social justice: using social innovation and sociological theories of change, desistance scholarship theories of change, leadership studies, public criminology, citizen science and co-production, and other cognate bodies of knowledge to understand how to better advance positive penal and social change;
Sociology, especially the sociology of punishment, the sociologies of work and the professions, and sociology of deviance;
Creative and comparative research methods, including conducting comparative research and using ethnography, as well as exploring the uses of participative and creative methods, for example, involving service users, practitioners, students and communities in co-design, co-production, citizen science, appreciative inquiry, music, the arts and visual methods, and other participative forms of knowledge production and exchange.