Citation Hucklesby A, Beyens K, Boone M, Dunkel F, McIvor G & Graham H (2016) Creativity and effectiveness in the use of electronic monitoring: a case study of five jurisdictions. European Commission. University of Leeds. http://28uzqb445tcn4c24864ahmel.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/files/2016/06/Synthesis-report-27-06-16.pdf
Abstract The use of electronic monitoring (EM) has grown rapidly in the European Union and elsewhere and is likely to continue to do so but knowledge about its operation and its potential to provide a humane, credible and effective alternative to imprisonment is limited. The research on which this report is based was carried out in five jurisdictions in Europe (Belgium, England and Wales, Germany, the Netherlands and Scotland) which deploy EM in different ways and to varying extents facilitating comparative analysis. The research is the first empirical comparative study of electronic monitoring. Its aim was to compare the law, policy and practices in the five jurisdictions focussing particularly on EM’s capacity to act as an alternative to custody and to identify best practices to enhance its effectiveness and ensure that EM is used legally, creatively, ethically and humanely.
Keywords Criminology; criminal justice; electronic monitoring; tagging; comparative research; Europe