Research Report

Electronic Monitoring in the Criminal Justice System



Graham H & McIvor G (2017) Electronic Monitoring in the Criminal Justice System. Institute for Research and Innovation in Social Services. Insights, 40. IRISS.

Electronic monitoring (EM) is a generic term that encompasses a number of monitoring technologies and approaches. It can be used with different people for diverse purposes in youth justice and adult criminal justice systems (Nellis, Beyens and Kampinski, 2013). For the last 30 years, numerous western countries have predominantly used EM to monitor adult offenders’ compliance with curfews and other restrictions. The emergence of new EM technologies opens up new monitoring and surveillance possibilities to authorities, but proportionality and balancing the rights and interests of different people involved are integral to effective and ethical uses of EM. This is reflected in Council of Europe guidance on standards and ethics in EM (Nellis, 2015). ThisInsight introduces the ways in which EM is currently used in Scotland, alongside international evidence and experience, to identify key issues and implications for use.

electronic monitoring; criminal justice; alternatives to imprisonment; desistance; offending

FundersEuropean Commission
Title of seriesInsights
Number in series40
Publication date31/12/2017
Publication date online2017
Publisher URL…l-justice-system

People (2)


Dr Hannah Graham

Dr Hannah Graham

Senior Lecturer, Sociology, Social Policy & Criminology

Professor Gillian McIvor

Professor Gillian McIvor

Emeritus Professor, Sociology, Social Policy & Criminology

Projects (1)