Professor Antony Duff

Emeritus Professor

Philosophy University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA

Professor Antony Duff

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About me

About me

I joined the Department in 1970, after graduate work at Oxford, and a year at the University of Washington, Seattle. I retired formally in 2009, but retain close connections with the Department as a Professor Emeritus. From 2010 to 2015 I also held a part-time position in the Law School at the University of Minnesota. Professional Activities Founding Co-Editor, Criminal Law and Philosophy; Founding Co-Director, Robina Institute for Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, University of Minnesota Law School; Associate, Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research; Honorary Professor, University of Edinburgh Law School Outside Activities Board member, Howard League Scotland; Patron, Philosophy in Prison. From 2011-2014 I chaired a British Academy Working Group on the use of imprisonment: our report, A Presumption Against Imprisonment, was published in 2014.

Professional Career

D. Juris (ho notary), University of Oslo

Doctor of Law (honorary)., University of Edinburgh

Fellow of the British Academy

Fellow, Royal Society of Edinburgh


Research (2)

I work mainly on the philosophy of criminal law - in particular on the philosophy of punishment, on issues that connect philosophy of action with the basic principles of criminal liability, on criminalisation, and on the moral and political preconditions of criminal liability. From 2008-2012 I led a four-year AHRC-funded project on Criminalization with four colleagues (Sandra Marshall of this Department, Lindsay Farmer of Glasgow Law School, Victor Tadros of Warwick Law School, and Massimo Renzo of York Law School): the project has produced a seven volume mini-series published by Oxford University Press—four volumes of papers from conferences and workshops (The Boundaries of the Criminal Law, 2010; The Structures of the Criminal Law, 2011; The Constitution of the Criminal Law, 2012; The Grounds of Criminalization, 2013) and monographs from three of the researchers. My current work focuses on the political theorisation of criminal law: on issues concerning the role of criminal law in a democratic polity, the ways in which citizens can or should relate to the criminal law, the political preconditions of criminal law's legitimacy, and the implications of the failure of those preconditions. I also contribute to two AHRC-funded research projects: Norms for the New Public Sphere (PI Rowan Cruft), and Varieties of Risk (PI Philip Ebert). Papers currently in progress or forthcoming include 'What's Wrong With Vigilantism?'; 'Proportionality and the Criminal Law'; ‘Purgative Punishment and the Importance of Perspective’; ‘Legal Obligation and the Criminal Law'; ‘Searching for Criminal Responsibility'; ‘Crimes of Endangerment’; ‘Beccaria’s Contractarian Criminal Law'; ‘Character and Propensities: Some (Mis)uses of Statistics in Criminal Trials’; ‘Justice in Criminal Trials’; ‘Offenders as Citizens’; 'De Minimis and the Structure of the Criminal Trial'; 'State Responsibility: An Outsider’s View'.

Projects

Criminalization
PI: Professor Antony Duff
Funded by: Arts and Humanities Research Council

Royal Society of Edinburgh Support for Meetings Grant
PI: Professor Antony Duff
Funded by: Royal Society

Outputs (88)

Outputs

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2020) Legal Obligation and the Criminal Law. In: Bertea S (ed.) Contemporary Perspectives on Legal Obligation. London: Routledge, pp. 116-132. https://www.routledge.com/Contemporary-Perspectives-on-Legal-Obligation/Bertea/p/book/9780367261986

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2020) Criminal Law. In: Tasioulas J (ed.) Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Law. Cambridge Companions to Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 313-330. https://www.cambridge.org/gb/academic/subjects/law/jurisprudence/cambridge-companion-philosophy-law?format=HB

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2019) Moral and Criminal Responsibility: Answering and Refusing to Answer. In: Coates DJ & Tognazzini NA (eds.) Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility, vol. 5: Themes from the Philosophy of Gary Watson. Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 165-190. https://global.oup.com/academic/product/oxford-studies-in-agency-and-responsibility-volume-5-9780198830238?lang=en&cc=gb

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2019) "Thank God I Failed". In: Hurd HM (ed.) Moral Puzzles and Legal Perplexities: Essays on the Influence of Larry Alexander. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 60-75.

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2019) Responsible Agency in the Criminal Process. In: McCay A & Sevel M (eds.) Free Will and the Law: New Perspectives. Applied Legal Philosophy. London: Routledge, pp. 126-143. https://www.routledge.com/Free-Will-and-the-Law-New-Perspectives/McCay-Sevel/p/book/9780367661441

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2018) Fairness in Criminal Proceedings: Concluding Thoughts and Further Questions. In: Jackson JD & Summers SJ (eds.) Obstacles to Fairness in Criminal Proceedings: Individual Rights and Institutional Forms. London: Hart Publishing, pp. 301-314. https://www.bloomsburyprofessional.com/uk/obstacles-to-fairness-in-criminal-proceedings-9781782258360/

Authored Book

Duff RA (2018) The Realm of Criminal Law. Criminalization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Book Chapter

Duff RA & Marshall SE (2018) Criminalizing Hate. In: Brudholm T & Schepelern Johansen B (eds.) Hate, Politics, Law: Critical Perspectives on Combating Hate. Studies in Penal Theory and Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 115-149. https://global.oup.com/academic/product/hate-politics-law-9780190465544?cc=gb&lang=en&

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2017) Discretion and Accountability in a Democratic Criminal Law. In: Langer M & Sklansky DA (eds.) Prosecutors and Democracy: A Cross-National Study. ASCL Studies in Comparative Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 9-39. https://www.cambridge.org/gb/academic/subjects/law/comparative-law/prosecutors-and-democracy-cross-national-study?format=HB&isbn=9781107187559

Article

Duff RA (2017) A criminal law we can call our own?. Northwestern University Law Review, 111 (6), pp. 1491-1506. http://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/nulr/vol111/iss6/6/

Article

Kleinfeld J, Appleman LI, Bierschbach RA, Bilz K, Bowers J, Braithwaite J, Burns RP, Duff RA, Dzur AW, Geraghty TF, Lanni A, McLeod MS, Nadler J, O'Rourke A & Robinson PH (2017) White paper of democratic criminal justice. Northwestern University Law Review, 111 (6), pp. 1693-1706. http://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/nulr/vol111/iss6/16/

Book Chapter

Duff RA & Marshall SE (2016) Civic Punishment. In: Dzur A, Loader I & Sparks R (eds.) Democratic Theory and Mass Incarceration. Studies in Penal Theory and Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 33-59. https://global.oup.com/academic/product/democratic-theory-and-mass-incarceration-9780190243098?cc=gb&lang=en&

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2016) Legal Moralism and Public Wrongs. In: Ferzan K & Morse S (eds.) Legal, Moral, and Metaphysical Truths: The Philosophy of Michael S Moore. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 95-110. http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780198703242.do

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2015) Incapacity and Insanity: Do We Need the Insanity Defence?. In: Livings B, Reed A & Wake N (eds.) Mental Condition Defences and the Criminal Justice System: Perspectives from Law and Medicine. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 159-177. http://www.cambridgescholars.com/mental-condition-defences-and-the-criminal-justice-system

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2015) Un Derecho Penal Democrático. In: Sobre e Castigo: Por una justicia penal que hable el lenguaje de la comunidad. Buenos Aires: Siglo Veintiuno, pp. 25-69. https://sigloxxieditores.com.ar/libro/sobre-el-castigo/

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2015) Presumptions of Innocence. In: Flanders C & Hoskins Z (eds.) The New Philosophy of Criminal Law. London: Rowman and Littlefield, pp. 193-209. https://rowman.com/ISBN/9781783484140/The-New-Philosophy-of-Criminal-Law

Article

Duff RA (2015) How not to Define Punishment. Philosophy and Public Issues, 5 (1), pp. 25-41. http://fqp.luiss.it/category/numero/2015-5-1/

Book Chapter

Duff RA, Farmer L, Marshall SE, Renzo M & Tadros V (2014) Introduction: Towards a Theory of Criminalization?. In: Duff RA, Farmer L, Marshall SE, Renzo M & Tadros V (eds.) Criminalization: The Political Morality of the Criminal Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 1-53. https://global.oup.com/academic/product/criminalization-9780198726357?cc=gb&lang=en&#

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2014) Repairing Harms and Answering for Wrongs. In: Oberdiek J (ed.) Philosophical Foundations of the Law of Torts. Philosophical Foundations of Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 212-230. http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780198701385.do

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2014) Torts, Crimes and Vindication: Whose Wrong is it?. In: Dyson M (ed.) Unravelling Tort and Crime. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 146-173. http://www.cambridge.org/gb/academic/subjects/law/private-law/unravelling-tort-and-crime

Book Chapter

Duff RA & Marshall S (2014) 'Remote Harms' and the Two Harm Principles. In: Simester A, Neumann U & du Bois-Pedain A (eds.) Liberal Criminal Theory: Essays for Andreas von Hirsch. Oxford: Hart, pp. 205-223. http://www.hartpub.co.uk/BookDetails.aspx?ISBN=9781849465144

Article

Duff RA (2013) Who Must Presume Whom to be Innocent of What?. Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, 42 (3), pp. 170-192. http://www.elevenjournals.com/tijdschrift/rechtsfilosofieentheorie/2013/3/NJLP_2213-0713_2013_042_003_002; https://doi.org/10.5553/NJLP/221307132013042003002

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2013) Relational Reasons and the Criminal Law. In: Green L & Leiter B (eds.) Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Law: Volume 2. Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Law, 2. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 175-208. http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/academic/series/philosophy/oxspl/9780199679829.do

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2013) Intention Revisited. In: Baker D & Horder J (eds.) The Sanctity of Life and the Criminal Law: The Legacy of Glanville Williams. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 148-177. http://www.cambridge.org/gb/academic/subjects/law/criminal-law/sanctity-life-and-criminal-law-legacy-glanville-williams

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2013) Pre-Trial Detention and the Presumption of Innocence. In: Ashworth A, Zedner L & Tomlin P (eds.) Prevention and the Limits of the Criminal Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 115-132. http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199656769.do

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2012) Criminal Attempts. In: Marmor A (ed.) Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Law. Routledge Philosophy Companions. London: Routledge, pp. 191-204. http://www.routledgementalhealth.com/books/details/9781138776234/

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2012) Presuming Innocence. In: Zedner L & Roberts J (eds.) Principles and Values in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice: Essays in honour of Andrew Ashworth. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 51-66. http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199696796.do

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2012) Risks, Culpability and Criminal Liability. In: Sullivan G & Dennis IH I (eds.) Seeking Security: Pre-Empting the Commission of Criminal Harms. Oxford: Hart, pp. 121-142. http://www.hartpub.co.uk/books/details.asp?isbn=9781849461665

Article

Duff RA (2012) Penal Coercion and the Apology Ritual. Teorema: Revista Internacional de Filosofía, 31 (2), pp. 109-117. http://www.unioviedo.es/Teorema/English/Issues/XXXI2.html

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2012) Responsibility, Restoration and Retribution. In: Tonry M (ed.) Retributivism Has a Past: Has it a Future?. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 63-85. http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199798278.do

Book Chapter

Duff RA & Green S (2011) Introduction: Searching for Foundations. In: Duff RA R & Green S (eds.) Philosophical Foundations of Criminal Law. Philosophical Foundations of Law. Oxford: Oxford UP, pp. 1-18. http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199559152.do

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2011) In Response. In: Cruft R, Kramer M & Rieff M (eds.) Crime, Punishment, and Responsibility: The Jurisprudence of Antony Duff. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 351-379. http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199592814.do

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2011) Retrieving Retributivism. In: White M (ed.) Retributivism: Essays on Theory and Policy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 3-24. http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199752232.do

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2011) A Relational Conception of Punishment. In: Foblets M, Hildebrandt M & Steenbergen J (eds.) Liber Amicorum for René Foqué. Brussels, Belgium: Larcier, pp. 211-220. http://uitgeverijlarcier.larciergroup.com/titres/125554_2/liber-amicorum-rene-foque.html

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2011) Mercy. In: Deigh J J & Dolinko D (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Criminal Law. Oxford Handbooks in Philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 467-492. http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780195314854.do

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2011) Good and Evil and the Criminal Law. In: Cordner C (ed.) Philosophy, Ethics and a Common Humanity: Essays in Honour of Raimond Gaita. Taylor & Francis (Routledge). http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415546386/

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2011) Responsibility, Citizenship and Criminal Law. In: Duff RA R & Green S (eds.) Philosophical Foundations of Criminal Law. Philosophical Foundations of Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 125-148. http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199559152.do

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2010) Perversions and Subversions of Criminal Law. In: Duff RA R, Farmer L, Marshall S, Renzo M & Tadros V (eds.) The Boundaries of the Criminal Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 88-112. http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199600557.do

Book Chapter

Duff RA & Marshall S (2010) Public and Private Wrongs. In: Chalmers J, Leverick F & Farmer L (eds.) Essays in Criminal Law in Honour of Sir Gerald Gordon. Edinburgh Studies in Law. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 70-85. http://www.euppublishing.com/book/9780748640706

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2010) Psychopathy and answerability. In: Malatesti L & McMillan J (eds.) Responsibility and Psychopathy: Interfacing law, psychiatry and philosophy. International Perspectives in Philosophy & Psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 199-212. http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199551637.do?display

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2010) Action and Criminal Responsibility. In: O'Connor T & Sandis C (eds.) A Companion to the Philosophy of Action. Blackwell Companions to Philosophy. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 331-337. http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1405187352,descCd-description.html

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2009) Can we Punish the Perpetrators of Atrocities?. In: Brudholm T & Cushman T (eds.) The Religious in Responses to Mass Atrocity: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, pp. 79-104. http://www.cambridge.org/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521518857

Article

Duff RA (2009) Legal and Moral Responsibility. Philosophy Compass, 4 (6), pp. 978-986. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1747-9991.2009.00257.x/abstract; https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-9991.2009.00257.x

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2008) Responsibility and liability in criminal law. In: Kramer MH, Grant C, Colburn B & Hatzistavrou A (eds.) The Legacy of H.L.A. Hart: Legal, Political and Moral Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 101-120. http://www.oup.com/uk/catalogue/?ci=9780199542895

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2008) Whose Luck is it Anyway?. In: Clarkson CMV(MV & Cunningham SR (eds.) Criminal Liability for Non-Aggressive Death. Aldershot: Ashgate, pp. 61-78. http://www.ashgate.com/isbn/9780754673347

Commentary

Duff RA (2007) Is Accomplice Liability Superfluous?. Commentary on: Michael S Moore, Causing, Aiding, and the Superfluity of Accomplice Liability, 156 U. PA. L. REV. 395 (2007). University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 156 (2), pp. 444-452. http://www.pennumbra.com/responses/response.php?rid=48

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2007) Crimes, Regulatory Offences and Criminal Trials. In: Müller-Dietz H, Müller E, Kunz K, Radtke H, Britz G, Momsen C & Koriath H (eds.) Festschrift für Heike Jung: zum 65. Geburtstag am 23. April 2007. Baden-Baden, Germany: Nomos, pp. 87-98. http://www.nomos-shop.de/productview.aspx?product=9019

Book Chapter

Duff RA & Marshall S (2007) Criminal responsibility and public reason. In: Freeman M & Harrison R (eds.) Law and Philosophy. Current Legal Issues, volume 10. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 224-242. http://www.oup.com/uk/catalogue/?ci=9780199237159

Article

Duff RA (2007) The Intrusion of Mercy. Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law, 4 (2), pp. 361-387. http://moritzlaw.osu.edu/osjcl/

Book Chapter

Duff RA (2006) The Virtues and Vices of Virtue Jurisprudence. In: Chappell T (ed.) Values and Virtues: Aristotelianism in Contemporary Ethics. Mind Association Occasional Series. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 90-104. http://www.oup.com/uk/catalogue/?ci=9780199291458

Authored Book

Duff RA (1997) Criminal Attempts. Oxford University Press. https://global.oup.com/academic/product/criminal-attempts

Authored Book

Duff RA (1991) Trials and Punishments. Cambridge Studies in Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. https://www.cambridge.org/gb/academic/subjects/philosophy/political-philosophy/trials-and-punishments?format=PB