I am a Lecturer in Substance Use in the Faculty of Social Sciences and Co-Director of the Salvation Army Centre for Addiction Services and Research (SACASR). My research interests include substance use, vulnerable populations, health inequalities, harm reduction and qualitative methodology. Prior to joining the University of Stirling I completed a PhD at Edinburgh Napier University. My PhD research looked at substance use communication between looked after young people and their formal carers.
An international and intersectional dialogue on how to reduce harm and promote wellbeing amongst people who have housing, health and substance use challenges: A series of knowledge exchange events Scottish Universities Insight Institute
http://www.scottishinsight.ac.uk/…827/Default.aspx People who experience homelessness often have intersecting health problems including poor mental and physical health and problem substance use (Hewett & Halligan 2010). The co-occurrence of these three problems has been termed ‘tri-morbidity’. Problem substance use is often a contributing factor to someone becoming homeless and accounts for over a third of deaths in homeless people (Crisis 2011). Engagement with treatment services, particularly those which expect abstinence, can be extremely challenging (Collins et al. 2016). While harm reduction approaches are recommended for those unlikely to achieve abstinence (Raistrick et al. 2006), there is virtually no specific guidance on how harms from problem substance use can be reduced for homeless people. International models of care and housing provision exist but their relevance to Scotland has not been systematically explored. To address this gap we will create a dialogue on international, national and local best practices in this area and, most critically, on how we can work better together across sectors and disciplines to develop Scottish solutions. We will bring together a diverse group who have substantial knowledge of the issues to develop a nuanced understanding of the current position and how this can better inform policy and practice developments going forward.
Addiction and the Family International Network - Member
British Psychological Society - Member British Psychological Society
My main research and knowledge exchange activities involve (problem) drug and alcohol use; social and health inequalities; children, young people and families; mental health; and homelessness.
My main methodological interests are in qualitative research methods; systematic reviews (including meta-ethnography); and undertaking collaborative research with marginalised groups.
Parkes T, Matheson C, Carver H, Foster R, Budd J, Liddell D, Wallace J, Pauly B, Fotopoulou M, Burley A, Anderson I, Price T, Schofield J & MacLennan G (2022) Assessing the feasibility, acceptability and accessibility of a peer-delivered intervention to reduce harm and improve the well-being of people who experience homelessness with problem substance use: the SHARPS study. Harm Reduction Journal, 19 (1), Art. No.: 10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-021-00582-5
Poole R, Carver H, Anagnostou D, Edwards A, Moore G, Smith P, Wood F & Brain K (2022) Tobacco use, smoking identities and pathways into and out of smoking among young adults: a meta-ethnography. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 17 (1), Art. No.: 24. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00451-9
Carver H, Price T, Falzon D, McCulloch P & Parkes T (2022) Stress and Wellbeing during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Mixed-Methods Exploration of Frontline Homelessness Services Staff Experiences in Scotland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (6), Art. No.: 3659. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063659
Parkes T, Matheson C, Carver H, Foster R, Budd J, Liddell D, Wallace J, Pauly B, Fotopoulou M, Burley A, Anderson I & MacLennan G (2022) A peer-delivered intervention to reduce harm and improve the well-being of homeless people with problem substance use: the SHARPS feasibility mixed-methods study. Health Technology Assessment, 26 (14), pp. 1-128. https://doi.org/10.3310/wvvl4786
Parkes T, Carver H, Masterton W, Falzon D, Dumbrell J, Grant S & Wilson I (2021) "You know, we can change the services to suit the circumstances of what is happening in the world": a rapid case study of the COVID-19 response across city centre homelessness and health services in Edinburgh, Scotland. Harm Reduction Journal, 18, Art. No.: 64. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-021-00508-1
Foster R, Carver H, Wallace J, Dunedin A, Burridge S, Foley P, Pauly B & Parkes T (2021) "PPI? That sounds like Payment Protection Insurance": Reflections and learning from a substance use and homelessness study Experts by Experience group. Research Involvement and Engagement, 7 (1), Art. No.: 82. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40900-021-00324-8
Parkes T, Carver H, Masterton W, Falzon D, Dumbrell J, Grant S & Wilson I (2021) 'They already operated like it was a crisis, because it always has been a crisis': a qualitative exploration of the response of one homeless service in Scotland to the COVID-19 pandemic. Harm Reduction Journal, 18, Art. No.: 26. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-021-00472-w
Parkes T, Carver H, Masterton W, Booth H, Ball L, Murdoch H, Falzon D, Pauly BM & Matheson C (2021) Exploring the Potential of Implementing Managed Alcohol Programmes to Reduce Risk of COVID-19 Infection and Transmission, and Wider Harms, for People Experiencing Alcohol Dependency and Homelessness in Scotland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (23), Art. No.: 12523. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312523
Miler J, Carver H, Masterton W, Parkes T, Maden M, Jones L & Sumnall H (2021) What treatment and services are effective for people who are homeless and use drugs? A systematic 'review of reviews'. PLoS ONE, 16 (7), Art. No.: e0254729. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0254729
Mercer F, Miler JA, Pauly B, Carver H, Hnízdilová K, Foster R & Parkes T (2021) Peer Support and Overdose Prevention Responses: A Systematic 'State-of-the-Art' Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (22), Art. No.: 12073. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212073
Masterton W, Park K, Carver H & Parkes T (2021) Greenspace programmes for mental health: A survey study to test what works, for whom, and in what circumstances. Health and Place, 72, Art. No.: 102669. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2021.102669
Parkes T, Carver H, Matheson C, Pauly B, McCulloch P, Browne T, Masterton W & Booth H (2021) Managed alcohol programmes: Scoping the potential of a novel intervention to help prevent infection (COVID-19) for people experiencing alcohol dependency and homelessness - Staff [COVID-19 MAPs Study Briefing - Staff]. Chief Scientist Office. University of Stirling.
Parkes T, Carver H, Matheson C, Pauly B, McCulloch P, Browne T, Masterton W & Booth H (2021) Managed alcohol programmes: Scoping the potential of a novel intervention to help prevent infection (COVID-19) for people experiencing alcohol dependency and homelessness - Clients [COVID-19 MAPs Study Briefing - Clients]. Chief Scientist Office. University of Stirling.
Carver H, McCulloch P & Parkes T (2021) How might the 'Icelandic model' for preventing substance use among young people be developed and adapted for use in Scotland? Utilising the consolidated framework for implementation research in a qualitative exploratory study. BMC Public Health, 21, Art. No.: 1742. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11828-z
Parkes T, Carver H, Matheson C, Browne T & Pauly B (2021) 'It's like a safety haven': Considerations for the implementation of Managed Alcohol Programs in Scotland. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687637.2021.1945536
Masterton W, Carver H & Parkes T (2021) Preventing substance use among young people in Dundee: Lessons from the ‘Youth in Iceland Model’. University of Stirling Public Policy Blog [Blog post] 30.04.2021. https://policyblog.stir.ac.uk/2021/04/30/preventing-substance-use-among-young-people-in-dundee-lessons-from-the-youth-in-iceland-model/
Parkes T, Carver H & Tyrie P (2021) How might the 'Youth in Iceland Model' for preventing substance use among young people be developed and adapted for use in Dundee, Scotland?. University of Stirling. Stirling. https://www.stir.ac.uk/research/public-policy-hub/policy-briefings/
Miler J, Carver H, Masterton W, Parkes T, Jones L, Maden M & Sumnall H (2021) Evidence Review Of Drug Treatment Services For People Who Are Homeless And Use Drugs. Health Research Board. HRB Drug and Alcohol Evidence Review, 7. Dublin. https://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/33910
Carver H, Parkes T, Browne T, Matheson C & Pauly B (2021) Investigating the need for alcohol harm reduction and Managed Alcohol Programs for people experiencing homelessness and alcohol use disorders in Scotland. Drug and Alcohol Review, 40 (2), pp. 220-230. https://doi.org/10.1111/dar.13178
Miler J, Carver H, Foster R & Parkes T (2020) Provision of peer support at the intersection of homelessness and problem substance use services: a systematic 'state of the art' review. BMC Public Health, 20, Art. No.: 641. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-8407-4
Carver H, Ring N, Miler J & Parkes T (2020) What constitutes effective problematic substance use treatment from the perspective of people who are homeless? A systematic review and meta-ethnography. Harm Reduction Journal, 17, Art. No.: 10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-020-0356-9
Carver H & Parkes T (2020) Social science inspires researchers to create much needed system and service change for people who are homeless with substance use problems. Campaign for Social Science. 03.09.2020.
Masterton W, Carver H, Parkes T & Park K (2020) Greenspace interventions for mental health in clinical and non-clinical populations: What works, for whom, and in what circumstances?. Health and Place, 64, Art. No.: 102338. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2020.102338
Parkes T, Carver H, Matheson C, Pauly B & Browne T (2020) Feasibility and acceptability of Managed Alcohol Programmes for people who are homeless with severe alcohol problems. University of Stirling. Stirling: University of Stirling. https://www.stir.ac.uk/research/public-policy-hub/policy-briefings/
Parkes T, Matheson C, Carver H, Budd J, Liddell D, Wallace J, Pauly B, Fotopoulou M, Burley A, Anderson I, MacLennan G & Foster R (2019) Supporting Harm Reduction through Peer Support (SHARPS): testing the feasibility and acceptability of a peer-delivered, relational intervention for people with problem substance use who are homeless, to improve health outcomes, quality of life and social functioning and reduce harms: study protocol. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 5 (1), Art. No.: 64. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40814-019-0447-0
Carver H (2019) The experiences of carers in using shared activities to communicate with looked-after young people about alcohol, tobacco, and drug use. Child and Family Social Work, 24 (1), pp. 131-138. https://doi.org/10.1111/cfs.12590
Carver H, Elliott L, Kennedy C & Hanley J (2017) Parent-child connectedness and communication in relation to alcohol, tobacco and drug use in adolescence: An integrative review of the literature. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, 24 (2), pp. 119-133. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687637.2016.1221060
Stenhouse R, Snowden A, Young J, Carver F, Carver H & Brown N (2016) Do emotional intelligence and previous caring experience influence student nurse performance? A comparative analysis. Nurse Education Today, 43, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2016.04.015
Denison FC, Weir Z, Carver H, Norman J & Reynolds RM (2015) Physical activity in pregnant women with Class III obesity: A qualitative exploration of attitudes and behaviours. Midwifery, 31 (12), pp. 1163-1167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2015.08.006
Snowden A, Stenhouse R, Young J, Carver H, Carver F & Brown N (2015) The relationship between emotional intelligence, previous caring experience and mindfulness in student nurses and midwives: A cross sectional analysis. Nurse Education Today, 35 (1), pp. 152-158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2014.09.004
Carver H, Douglas M & Tomlinson J (2012) The outreach worker role in an anticipatory care programme: A valuable resource for linking and supporting. Mackie P (Editor) & Thorpe A (Editor) Public Health International Conference 2011: Health and Wellbeing – The 21st Century Agenda, London, 08.09.2011-09.09.2011. Public Health, 126 (Supplement 1), pp. S47-S52. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0033350612001953; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2012.05.023
Carver H, Douglas M, Tomlinson J & Byrne C (2012) 'It’s just a way of approaching things now': staff perspectives of an anticipatory care programme in Edinburgh. Global Health Promotion, 19 (2), pp. 37-43. https://doi.org/10.1177/1757975912441229
Douglas M, Carver H & Katikireddi SV (2011) How well do strategic environmental assessments in Scotland consider human health?. Public Health, 125 (9), pp. 585-591. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2011.06.005