Adrian Hadland was a professional journalist for more than 15 years based mainly in South Africa but also covering events in Africa, Asia, the US and in Europe. He has published 17 books including biographies/memoirs of Nelson Mandela, Thabo Mbeki, Kader Asmal and Napoleon Bonaparte along with a number of scholarly texts on and about journalism. HIs most recent monograph is "Media-State Relations in Emerging Democracies (Palgrave 2015). He worked in the policy environment in South Africa as Director of the Democracy and Governance Programme at the Human Sciences Research Council and was also an elected member of the South African Press Ombudsman's Appeal Panel. He has consulted for the World Bank and for the United Nations Development Programme. After spending a few years teaching in mainland China where he was Head of the International Communications Division at the University of Nottingham Ningbo, he is currently Head of Division: Communications, Media & Culture, at the University of Stirling in the UK.