Dr Armando Marino

Senior Lecturer in Earth Observation

Biological and Environmental Sciences Stirling

Dr Armando Marino

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About me

About me

I received an MSc in Telecommunication Engineering at the Universita’ di Napoli “Federico II” in 2006. In 2006, I joined the High Frequency and Radar Systems Department (HR), German Aerospace Centre (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen where I developed my MSc thesis, which focused on SAR multi-pass retrieval of forest parameters.

In 2011, I was awarded a PhD degree from the University of Edinburgh, (School of Geosciences), Edinburgh, UK in the field of polarimetric SAR interferometry. It was a great experience and my PhD thesis was awarded “Best PhD Thesis 2011” by the RSPSoc (Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society) and “Outstanding PhD Thesis” by Springer Verlag, which published the thesis in 2012.

From March 2011 to October 2011, I worked at the University of Alicante, Institute of Computing Research, in Alicante, Spain. Besides enjoying the sunny weather, I earned experiences in processing stuck of radar images for change detection.

From December 2011 to May 2015, I was a post-doctorate researcher and lecturer at the ETH Zürich, Institute of Environmental Engineering, Switzerland. At ETH I was presented with a unique opportunity to assert myself as a researcher and at the same time to gain teaching skills.

From June 2015 to April 2018, I was a lecturer at the Open University, Department of Engineering and Innovation, in Milton Keynes, UK. At the OU I had the possibility to think a lot about best ways of teaching and I worked on really exciting projects.

Since June 2018 I am a Senior Lecture in Earth Observation at the University of Stirling, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences. Here, I enjoy my time being involved in both teaching and research, along with having walks on the hills surrounding the campus.

Award

Outstanding Collaborator
University of Stirling

Nomination: “Armando is always available and willing to engage with any potential collaborations, regardless of time or other constraints, and does so always in good spirit and with contagious excitement. On ongoing projects, he always delivers important and timely contributions, and as a PI he is also always very open and engaging when inviting collaborators to work on new submissions. Most importantly, all my interactions with Armando have been overly positive and inspiring. Overall, Armando is one of the people I have enjoyed collaborating with the most in Stirling.”


Other Project

MoLaDy: Monitoring Land Dynamics using Polarimetric ALOS-4 SAR data
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

This project was founded by JAXA and it allows us to order and receive ALOS-2/4 satellite acquisitions to monitor the Forth Valley region. We got awarded 40 acquisitions for a value of approximately £80,000. I lead this project including scientist from different locations: Andrew Tyler, Peter Hunter, Cristian Silva, Javier Ruiz-Ramos (Permian Global, UK), Marian Scott (Glasgow University), Joan Suarez-Sanchez (Forestry Research, UK), Paola Rizzoli (DLR, Germany) and Marco Lavalle (JPL, NASA, USA).

Forth ERA: Flood and peatland test case

In within the Forth ERA I am the lead of the EO flood test case and I am involved in the peatland test case. I am more generally leading all the activities related to the use of radar satellite data. Forth ERA has bought out the 50% of my time over these years. This correspond to around £100,000 of funds from the project.

PlasticSurf: Can the Microbial Communities in the Oceans Help Satellites to Monitor Micro-Plastic Pollution?
European Space Agency

https://www.esa.int/…Marine_Litter%20
This project was founded by the European Space Agency (ESA) OSIP programme to study the detectability of plastic using radar remote sensing. It mays for 3 year scholarship (Morgan Simpson), £15,000 for fieldwork equipment and the in-kind time of 4 academics: Armando Marino (lead), Andrew Tyler, Peter Hunter, Evangelos Spyrakos and Trevor Telfer. The award was 80,000 euros.

Ship and Coastal Water Pollution Observation with Polarimetric SAR Architectures (SCoPeSAR)
This project funded by ESA and MOST (China) under the DRAGON-4 framework aims at fostering collaborations between European and Chinese colleges. In this specific project that I lead in Europe we aim at generating added value products based on a proper processing of remotely sensed multi-polarization Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) measurements and ancillary optical data. The final goal is to allow managing effectively coastal areas and related hazards, with special focus on detecting targets of interests in SAR images. In particular, we will focus on ship detection and coastal water pollution observation. Value: travel costs


Research (4)

I am very fascinated by Earth Observation (EO) images and I spend most of my research time processing stacks of radar images for monitoring the environment. I have worked on a large variety of applications, where the common denominator is SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) and polarimetry or interferometry.

I am fascinated by maritime applications as monitoring plastic pollutants, icebergs, sea ice, small vessels, aquaculture structures and other targets at sea that are of interest for environmental protection and hazard mitigation. I am also monitoring changes in wetlands (for flooding), agricultural fields (for food security), coastal areas (for salt marshes erosion) and forests (for deforestation and degradation).

I find very exciting to develop new methodologies using Image Processing, Computer Vision and Machine Learning. I especially like to write code that manipulate EO images to extract information automatically.

Finally, I love doing fieldwork! Looking things through the eyes of a satellite is exciting, but this is just as exciting as seeing things with your own eyes. In the past, I have also built several radars to bring to the field and perform in situ measurements.

Projects

Water scenarios - For Copernicus Exploitation (Water-FORCE)
PI: Dr Evangelos Spyrakos
Funded by: European Commission (Horizon 2020)

Multimodal data analysis for monitoring invasive aquatic weeds in India
PI: Dr Savi Maharaj
Funded by: Royal Academy of Engineering

Delivering analysis-ready and value-added data to the South American supply chain and farmer advisory services
PI: Dr Armando Marino
Funded by: Environment Systems Ltd

Integrated Space Technology Vector Control for Enhancing community health and resilience against escalating climatic disruptions (DETECT)2
PI: Dr Armando Marino
Funded by: UK Space Agency

Outputs (94)

Outputs

Conference Proceeding

Simpson M, Marino A, Prabhu GN, Bhowmik D, Rupavatharam S, Datta A, Kleczkowski A, Sujeetha JARP & Maharaj S (2021) Monitoring water hyacinth in Kuttanad, India using Sentinel-1 SAR data. In: 2020 IEEE India Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (InGARSS). IEEE International India Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium 2020 (InGARSS), Online, 02.12.2020-05.12.2020. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/InGARSS48198.2020.9358977

Conference Proceeding

Ruiz-Ramos J, Berardi A, Marino A, Bhowmik D & Simpson M (2021) Assessing hydrological dynamics of Guyana's North Rupununi wetlands using Sentinel-1 SAR imagery change detection analysis on Google Earth Engine. In: 2020 IEEE India Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (InGARSS). IEEE International India Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium 2020 (InGARSS), Online, 02.12.2020-05.12.2020. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/InGARSS48198.2020.9358961

Conference Proceeding

Nunziata F, Ferrentino E, Marino A, Buono A & Migliaccio M (2021) Monitoring Harsh Coastal Environments Using Polarimetric Sar Data: The Case of Solway Firth Wetlands. In: IGARSS 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. 2020 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2020), Waikoloa, HI, USA, 26.09.2020-02.10.2020. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/igarss39084.2020.9324311

Conference Proceeding

Silva C, Marino A, Lopez-Sanchez JM & Cameron I (2021) Agricultural Fields Monitoring with Multi-Temporal Polarimetric SAR (MT-POLSAR) Change Detection. In: IGARSS 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. 2020 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2020), Waikoloa, HI, USA, 26.09.2020-02.10.2020. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/igarss39084.2020.9324626

Conference Proceeding

Silva C, Marino A & Cameron I (2021) Using C-Band SAR and Temperature to Monitor Tropical Agricultural Fields. In: IGARSS 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. 2020 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2020), Waikoloa, HI, USA, 26.09.2020-02.10.2020. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/igarss39084.2020.9324542

Conference Proceeding

Akbari V, Simpson M, Maharaj S, Marino A, Bhowmik D, Prabhu GN, Rupavatharam S, Datta A, Kleczkowski A & Sujeetha JARP (2021) Monitoring Aquatic Weeds In Indian Wetlands Using Multitemporal Remote Sensing Data With Machine Learning Techniques. In: 2021 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS. International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), Belgium, 12.07.2021-16.07.2021. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS47720.2021.9553207

Conference Proceeding

Marino A, Nunziata F & Vilas LG (2021) Detecting aquaculture platforms using COSMO SkyMed. In: 13th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar, EUSAR 2021, volume 2021. Allgemeine Proceedings. EUSAR 2021 - 13th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar, Virtual, 29.03.2021-01.04.2021. Berlin: VDE, pp. 1173-1177. https://www.vde-verlag.de/buecher/455457/eusar-2021.html

Conference Proceeding

Marino A (2021) A new decomposition of compound polarimetric targets. In: 13th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar, EUSAR 2021, volume 2021-March. Allgemeine Proceedings. EUSAR 2021 - 13th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar, Virtual, 29.03.2021-01.04.2021. Berlin: VDE, pp. 684-689. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9472634

Conference Proceeding

Bailey J, Marino A & Akbari V (2021) Comparison of target detectors to identify icebergs in Quad- Polarimetric SAR Alos-2 images. In: International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS). 2021 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS, Brussels, Belgium, 11.07.2021-16.07.2021. Piscataway, NJ, USA: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. pp. 5223-5226. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS47720.2021.9554230

Conference Proceeding

Bailey J, Marino A & Akbari V (2021) Determining Iceberg Scattering Mechanisms in Greenland Using Quad Pol ALOS-2 SAR Data. In: 2021 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS. IGARSS 2021 - 2021 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Brussels, Belgium, 11.07.2021-16.07.2021. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/igarss47720.2021.9553540

Conference Proceeding

Simpson M, Marino A, de Maagt P, Gandini E, Hunter P, Spyrakos E, Tyler A, Ackermann N, Hajnsek I, Nunziata F & Telfer T (2021) Monitoring Surfactants Pollution Potentially Related to Plastics in the World Gyres Using Radar Remote Sensing. In: 2021 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS. IGARSS 2021 - 2021 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Brussels, Belgium, 11.07.2021-16.07.2021. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/igarss47720.2021.9553406

Review

Datta A, Maharaj S, Prabhu GN, Bhowmik D, Marino A, Akbari V, Rupavatharam S, Sujeetha JAR, Anantrao GG, Poduvattil VK, Kumar S & Kleczkowski A (2021) Monitoring the spread of water hyacinth (Pontederia crassipes): challenges and future developments. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 9, Art. No.: 631338. Biogeography and Macroecology, Invaders on the Horizon! Scanning the Future of Invasion Science and Management. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2021.631338

Article

Ferrentino E, Buono A, Nunziata F, Marino A & Migliaccio M (2020) On the use of multipolarization satellite SAR data for coastline extraction in harsh coastal environments: the case of Solway Firth. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 14, pp. 249-257. https://doi.org/10.1109/jstars.2020.3036458

Conference Proceeding

Liu T, Dias RYCL, Yang J, Marino A & Gao G (2019) Optimal polarimetric detection filter and its statistical tests for a ship detector. In: IGARSS 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Proceedings. 2019 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Yokohama, Japan, 28.07.2019-02.08.2019. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE, pp. 3221-3224. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2019.8900395

Conference Proceeding

Iervolino P, Guida R, Amitrano D & Marino A (2019) SAR Ship Detection for Rough Sea Conditions. In: IGARSS 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Proceedings. IGARSS 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Yokohama, Japan, 28.07.2019-02.08.2019. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/igarss.2019.8900332

Conference Proceeding

Silva C, Marino A, Lopez-Sanchez JM & Cameron I (2018) Monitoring Agricultural Fields Using an Optimisation of the Difference of Covariance Matrices for Polsar. In: Proceedings of 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Valencia, Spain, 22.07.2018-27.07.2018. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/igarss.2018.8519267

Conference Proceeding

Marino A (2018) Iceberg Detection with L-Band ALOS-2 Data Using the Dual-POL Ratio Anomaly Detector. In: IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. IEEE International Symposium on Geoscience and Remote Sensing IGARSS. IGARSS 2018 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Valencia, Spain, 22.07.2018-27.07.2018. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/igarss.2018.8519206

Conference Proceeding

Marino A (2018) Monitoring Bridges Vibration Using a Ground Based Radar. In: IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. IEEE International Symposium on Geoscience and Remote Sensing IGARSS. IGARSS 2018 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Valencia, Spain, 22.07.2018-27.07.2018. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/igarss.2018.8519480

Conference Proceeding

Davaasuren N, Marino A, Boardman C, Alparone M, Nunziata F, Ackermann N & Hajnsek I (2018) Detecting microplastics pollution in world oceans using sar remote sensing. In: IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. IEEE International Symposium on Geoscience and Remote Sensing IGARSS. IGARSS 2018 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Valencia, Spain, 22.07.2018-27.07.2018. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE, pp. 938-941. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8517281

Conference Proceeding

Ballester-Berman JD, Sanchez-Jerez P & Marino A (2018) Detection of aquaculture structures using Sentinel-1 data. In: EUSAR 2018: 12th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar Electronic Proceedings, 04 - 07 June, 2018, Aachen, Germany. Proceedings of the European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar, EUSAR. 12th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar, EUSAR 2018, Aachen, Germany, 04.06.2018-07.06.2018. Aachen, Germany: VDE Verlag, pp. 888-891. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8438138/

Conference Proceeding

Zhang T, Marino A, Zhong W & Xiong H (2017) An Azimuth ambiguities removal method based on Polarimetric Notch Filter. In: volume 2017-July. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) 2017, Texas, USA, 23.07.2017-28.07.2017. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, pp. 2325-2328. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2017.8127456

Conference Proceeding

Velotto D, Marino A & Nunziata F (2017) Backscattering analysis of offshore platforms in gulf of Mexico via multi-polarization TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X data. In: volume 2017-July. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) 2017, Texas, USA, 23.07.2017-28.07.2017. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, pp. 3890-3893. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2017.8127851

Conference Proceeding

Marino A & Alonso-Gonzalez A (2017) An optimization of the difference of covariance matrices for PolSAR change detection. In: volume 2017-July. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) 2017, Texas, USA, 23.07.2017-28.07.2017. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, pp. 5315-5318. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2017.8128204

Conference Proceeding

Marino A & Iervolino P (2017) Ship detection with Cosmo-SkyMed PINGPONG data using the dual-pol ratio anomaly detector. In: 2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), volume 2017-July. IEEE International Symposium on Geoscience and Remote Sensing (IGARSS) 2017, Texas, USA, 23.07.2017-28.07.2017. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, pp. 3897-3900. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2017.8127853

Conference Proceeding

Lucas C, Hajnsek I, Marino A & Buehler Y (2016) Investigation of snow avalanches with ground based ku-band radar. In: EUSAR 2016 : 11th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar Electronic, June 6-9, 2016, Hamburg, Germany. EUSAR 2016 - 11th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar, Hamburg, Germany, 06.06.2016-09.06.2016. Berlin: VDE Verlag. https://www.tib.eu/en/search/id/vde%3Asid~454228124/Investigation-of-Snow-Avalanches-with-Ground-Based/

Conference Proceeding

Hajnsek I, Desnos YL, Ballester-Berman D, Cloude S, Jagdhuber T, Koeniguer E, Lopez-Martinez C, Lopez-Sanchez JM, Marino A, Migliaccio M, Minchella A, Nunziata F, Papathanassiou K, Pardini M, Parrella G, Pottier E & Trouve N (2015) PolSAR-Ap: Exploitation of fully polarimetric SAR data for application demonstration. In: volume 2015-November. 2015 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), 26.07.2015-31.07.2015. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, pp. 1559-1561. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2015.7326079

Conference Proceeding

Weber M, Marino A, Kock F & Hajnsek I (2015) Monitoring floods in the Kafue flats with TanDEM-X data. In: volume 2015-November. 2015 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), Milan, 26.07.2015-31.07.2015. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, pp. 1191-1194. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2015.7325985

Conference Proceeding

Marino A, Rulli R, Wesche C & Hajnsek I (2015) A new algorithm for iceberg detection with dual-polarimetric SAR data. In: 2015 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS). IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) 2015, Milan, Italy, 26.07.2015-31.07.2015. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE, pp. 3446-3449. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2015.7326561

Conference Proceeding

Marino A & Hajnsek I (2015) Applications of integrals of quadratic forms for polarimetric SAR data. In: volume 2015-November. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) 2015, Texas, USA, 26.07.2015-31.07.2015. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, pp. 243-246. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2015.7325745

Conference Proceeding

Marino A, Sanjuan-Ferrer MJ, Hajnsek I & Ouchi K (2014) Ship detectors exploiting spectral analysis of SAR images. In: 2014 IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Quebec City, Canada, 13.07.2014-18.07.2014. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, pp. 978-981. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2014.6946590

Conference Proceeding

Marino A & Hajnsek I (2014) Ship detection with TanDEM-X data: A statistical test for a polarimetric notch filter. In: volume Proceedings of the European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar, EUSAR 2014. EUSAR 2014; 10th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar, Berlin, 03.06.2014-05.06.2014. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, pp. 870-873. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6856934

Conference Paper (unpublished)

Marino A, Sugimoto M, Nunziata F, Hajnsek I, Migliaccio M & Ouchi K (2013) Comparison of ship detectors using polarimetric alos data: Tokyo Bay. 2013 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium - IGARSS, Melbourne, Australia, 21.07.2013-26.07.2019. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2013.6723289

Conference Paper (unpublished)

Marino A & Hajnsek I (2013) Orientation effects on polarimetric SAR images of sea ice. 2013 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium - IGARSS, Melboune, Australia, 21.07.2013-26.07.2013. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2013.6723615

Conference Paper (unpublished)

Tan C, Marino A, Woodhouse I, Cloude S, Suarez J & Edwards C (2011) See the forests with different eyes. 2011 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 24.07.2011-29.07.2011. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2011.6049329

Conference Proceeding

Viergever K, Woodhouse I, Marino A, Brollyand M & Stuart N (2009) Backscatter and interferometry for estimating above-ground biomass of sparse woodland: A case study in belize. In: volume 3. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Cape Town, South Africa, 12.07.2009-17.07.2009, pp. III1047-III1050. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2009.5417958

Conference Paper (unpublished)

Marino A, Cloude S & Woodhouse I (2009) Polarimetric target detector by the use of the polarisation fork. 4th International Workshop on Science and Applications of SAR Polarimetry and Polarimetric Interferometry, PolInSAR 2009, Frascati, Italy, 26.01.2009-30.01.2009.

Conference Proceeding

Marino A & Woodhouse I (2009) Selectable target detector using the polarization fork. In: volume 3. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Cape Town, South Africa, 12.07.2009-17.07.2009, pp. III1-III4. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2009.5418287