Article

Quad-Polarimetric Multi-Scale Analysis of Icebergs in ALOS-2 SAR Data: A Comparison between Icebergs in West and East Greenland

Citation

Bailey J & Marino A (2020) Quad-Polarimetric Multi-Scale Analysis of Icebergs in ALOS-2 SAR Data: A Comparison between Icebergs in West and East Greenland. Remote Sensing, 12 (11), Art. No.: 1864. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12111864

Abstract
Icebergs are ocean hazards which require extensive monitoring. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellites can help with this, however, SAR backscattering is strongly influenced by the properties of icebergs, together with meteorological and environmental conditions. In this work, we used five images of quad-pol ALOS-2/PALSAR-2 SAR data to analyse 1332 icebergs in five locations in west and east Greenland. We investigate the backscatter and polarimetric behaviour, by using several observables and decompositions such as the Cloude–Pottier eigenvalue/eigenvector and Yamaguchi model-based decompositions. Our results show that those icebergs can contain a variety of scattering mechanisms at L-band. However, the most common scattering mechanism for icebergs is surface scattering, with the second most dominant volume scattering (or more generally, clouds of dipoles). In some cases, we observed a double bounce dominance, but this is not as common. Interestingly, we identified that different locations (e.g., glaciers) produce icebergs with different polarimetric characteristics. We also performed a multi-scale analysis using boxcar 5 × 5 and 11 × 11 window sizes and this revealed that depending on locations (and therefore, characteristics) icebergs can be a collection of strong scatterers that are packed in a denser or less dense way. This gives hope for using quad-pol polarimetry to provide some iceberg classifications in the future.

Keywords
SAR; polarimetry; icebergs; Greenland; backscatter

Journal
Remote Sensing: Volume 12, Issue 11

StatusPublished
Publication date30/06/2020
Publication date online09/06/2020
Date accepted by journal04/06/2020
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/31291
PublisherMDPI AG
eISSN2072-4292