Article

CFAR Ship Detection in Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar Images Based on Whitening Filter

Details

Citation

Liu T, Zhang J, Gao G, Yang J & Marino A (2020) CFAR Ship Detection in Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar Images Based on Whitening Filter. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 58 (1), pp. 58-81. https://doi.org/10.1109/tgrs.2019.2931353

Abstract
Polarimetric whitening filter (PWF) can be used to filter polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR) images to improve the contrast between ships and sea clutter background. For this reason, the output of the filter can be used to detect ships. This paper deals with the setting of the threshold over PolSAR images filtered by the PWF. Two parameter-constant false alarm rate (2P-CFAR) is a common detection method used on whitened polarimetric images. It assumes that the probability density function (PDF) of the filtered image intensity is characterized by a log-normal distribution. However, this assumption does not always hold. In this paper, we propose a systemic analytical framework for CFAR algorithms based on PWF or multi-look PWF (MPWF). The framework covers the entire log-cumulants space in terms of the textural distributions in the product model, including the constant, gamma, inverse gamma, Fisher, beta, inverse beta, and generalized gamma distributions (GΓDs). We derive the analytical forms of the PDF for each of the textural distributions and the probability of false alarm (PFA). Finally, the threshold is derived by fixing the false alarm rate (FAR). Experimental results using both the simulated and real data demonstrate that the derived expressions and CFAR algorithms are valid and robust.

Keywords
Constant false alarm rate (CFAR); polarimetric whitening filter (PWF); ship detection; synthetic aperture radar.

Journal
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing: Volume 58, Issue 1

StatusPublished
FundersNational Natural Science Foundation of China and National Natural Science Foundation of China
Publication date31/01/2020
Publication date online26/09/2019
Date accepted by journal20/07/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/30199
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
ISSN0196-2892
eISSN1558-0644

People (1)

People

Dr Armando Marino
Dr Armando Marino

Senior Lecturer in Earth Observation, Biological and Environmental Sciences