Marino A, Velotto D & Nunziata F (2017) Offshore Metallic Platforms Observation Using Dual-Polarimetric TS-X/TD-X Satellite Imagery: A Case Study in the Gulf of Mexico. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 10 (10), pp. 4376-4386. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSTARS.2017.2718584
Satellite-based synthetic aperture radar (SAR) has been proven to be an effective tool for ship monitoring. Offshore platforms monitoring is a key topic for both safety and security of the maritime domain. However, the scientific literature oriented to the observation of offshore platforms using SAR imagery is very limited. This study is mostly focused on the analysis and understanding of the multipolarization behavior of platforms' backscattering using dual-polarization X-band SAR imagery. This study is motivated by the fact that under low incidence angle and moderate wind conditions, copolarized channels may fail in detecting offshore platforms even when fine-resolution imagery is considered. This behavior has been observed on both medium- and high-resolution TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X SAR imagery, despite the fact that platforms consist of large metallic structures. Hence, a simple multipolarization model is proposed to analyze the platform backscattering. Model predictions are verified on TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X SAR imagery, showing that for acquisitions under low incidence angle, the platforms result in a reduced copolarized backscattered intensity even when fine resolution imagery is considered. Finally, several solutions to tackle this issue are proposed with concluding remark that the performance of offshore observation.
Maritime safety and security; offshore platforms; polarimetry; radar; synthetic aperture radar (SAR); target detection
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing: Volume 10, Issue 10
|Publication date online||10/07/2017|
|Date accepted by journal||14/06/2017|