Professor Hannah Buchanan-Smith

Professor

Psychology Psychology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA

Professor Hannah Buchanan-Smith

Share a link

About me

About me

I am interested in animal behaviour and ecology, comparative colour vision, animal welfare and human animal interactions. I have conducted both field research, and research on captive animals. I promote the welfare of animals housed in captivity, for example through lecturing, courses and open-access websites (see marmosetcare.com, 247animalwelfare.eu/ and RefiningDogCare.com). Together with my former PhD student, Dr Lou Tasker, funded by a BBSRC CASE studentship, I contributed to The Macaque Website of the NC3Rs (nc3rs.org.uk/macaques/), launched in April 2015. Tasker (2012) PhD thesis (https://dspace.stir.ac.uk/handle/1893/9801#.W0iJh9JKjcs )

I graduated from St. Andrews University, where I returned as a post-doc after completing my PhD at Reading University under the supervision of Hilary Box. I began working at the University of Stirling in 1989, and following a lectureship at Lancaster University took a full time position at Stirling in 1995.

Current External Positions

Member of the Animal Welfare and Ethics group, The Royal Zoological Society of Scotland (2013-current) Member of the Living Links Executive Board and leader of the "Welfare and mixed-species living" project (2008-current). Corresponding member of the Primate Society of Great Britain's Captive Care Working Party (1996- present). Member of the Editorial Board of Neotropical Primates (Jan 2000 - present). Member of the IUCN Species Survival Commission Primate Specialist Group: Neotropical Section (1995-present). Member of the BIAZA Research Group - Reporting Group (2002 - present) and the BIAZA animal welfare sub-group (2011-).  Member of the Ethics Committee, Blair Drummond Safari Park (2005 - present). Core member of the Scottish Primate Research Group (1995 - present).

Previous positions include:

Member of the Home Office's Animal Procedures Committee (2009-2012) and member of their Primates Subcommittee and Housing and Husbandry Subcommittee. Member of the European Association for Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA) Animal Welfare Working group (2015-2018) External Examiner for MScs in Exeter (2007-2011) and St Andrews (2008-2011) Universities. Council Member of the Primate Society of Great Britain (2008 - 2011). Member of the Executive Committee for the XXII Congress of the International Primatological Society, Edinburgh, 2008. Member of the International Primatological Society's Captive Care Committee (2002 - 2008), with shared responsibility for rewriting the "IPS International Guidelines for the acquisition, care, and breeding of nonhuman primates". Member of the BVA(AWF)/FRAME/RSPCA/UFAW Joint Working Group on Refinement in primates (2003 - 2008).

Research (6)

My research has focused on non-human primates in three inter-related scientific areas: behaviour and ecology, colour vision and welfare. Where appropriate, I advocate a combined approach of field research in natural habitats, together with hypotheses testing under controlled conditions in captivity. The colour vision research advances our understanding of the evolution and functional utility of colour vision, by relating genotype with phenotype (BBSRC funded). I also conduct a range of research on the Refinement R of the three R's (Replacement, Reduction and Refinement - the basic principles underlying humane experimental technique). This work has direct practical and practicable application in enhancing animal welfare (funded by BBSRC, EU, PHHSC (3Rs liaison group) and NC3Rs).  I have a wide range of collaborators including close links with the RZSS Edinburgh Zoo as well as Blair Drummond Safari Park.

Projects

Engaging Industry to develop best practice for laboratory-housed dogs, improving welfare and quality of scientific output
PI: Professor Hannah Buchanan-Smith
Funded by: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Validating reward-related behaviour for welfare assessment, and improving welfare through increased predictability of events
PI: Professor Hannah Buchanan-Smith
Funded by: National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement & Reduction of Animals in Research

The Macaque Website
PI:
Funded by: National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement & Reduction of Animals in Research

The Macaque Website
PI: Professor Hannah Buchanan-Smith
Funded by: Medical Research Council

The Link Between Laboratory Primate Welfare and the Quality of Science
PI: Professor Hannah Buchanan-Smith
Funded by: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Positive reinforcement training for primates
PI: Professor Hannah Buchanan-Smith
Funded by: Universities Federation for Animal Welfare

Outputs (106)

Outputs

Showing 100 of 106 — See all 106 outputs

Article

Leonardi R, Buchanan-Smith HM, McIvor G & Vick S (2017) “You Think You’re Helping Them, But They’re Helping You Too”: Experiences of Scottish Male Young Offenders Participating in a Dog Training Program. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14 (8), Art. No.: 945. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14080945

Article

Daoudi S, Badihi G & Buchanan-Smith HM (2017) Is Mixed-Species Living Cognitively Enriching? Enclosure Use and Welfare in Two Captive Groups of Tufted Capuchins (Sapajus apella) and Squirrel Monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). Animal Behavior and Cognition, 4 (1), pp. 51-69. https://doi.org/10.12966/abc.05.02.2017

Article

Morton FB, Lee PC, Buchanan-Smith HM, Brosnan SF, Thierry B, Paukner A, de Waal FBM, Widness J, Essler JL & Weiss A (2013) Personality Structure in Brown Capuchin Monkeys (Sapajus apella): Comparisons With Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), Orangutans (Pongo spp.), and Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 127 (3), pp. 282-298. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0031723

Article

Buchanan-Smith HM, Griciute J, Daoudi S, Leonardi R & Whiten A (2013) Interspecific interactions and welfare implications in mixed species communities of capuchin (sapajus apella) and squirrel monkeys (saimiri sciureus) over 3 years. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 147 (3-4), pp. 324-333. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2013.04.004

Book Chapter

Buchanan-Smith HM & Carroll JB (2010) Social Structure and Behaviour. In: Ruivo E (ed.) EAZA Husbandry Guidelines for Callitrichidae. 2nd ed. Loir-et-Cher, France: Beauval Zoo, pp. 111-118. http://www.marmosetcare.com/downloads/EAZA_HusbandryGuidelines.pdf

Book Chapter

Buchanan-Smith HM (2010) Marmoset. In: Mills D, Marchant-Forde J, Morton D, Phillips C, McGreevy P, Nicol C, Sandoe P & Swaisgood R (eds.) The Encyclopedia of Applied Animal Behaviour and Welfare. Wallingford: CAB International, pp. 400-401. http://bookshop.cabi.org/?page=2633&pid=2118&site=191

Book Chapter

Buchanan-Smith HM (2010) Monkey. In: Mills D, Marchant-Forde J, Morton D, Phillips C, McGreevy P, Nicol C, Sandoe P & Swaisgood R (eds.) The Encyclopedia of Applied Animal Behaviour and Welfare. Wallingford: CAB International, pp. 417-420. http://bookshop.cabi.org/?page=2633&pid=2118&site=191

Book Chapter

Buchanan-Smith HM (2010) Tamarin. In: Mills D, Marchant-Forde J, Morton D, Phillips C, McGreevy P, Nicol C, Sandoe P & Swaisgood R (eds.) The Encyclopedia of Applied Animal Behaviour and Welfare. Wallingford: CAB International, pp. 591-592. http://bookshop.cabi.org/?page=2633&pid=2118&site=191

Book Chapter

Buchanan-Smith HM (2010) Marmosets and Tamarins. In: Hubrecht R & Kirkwood J (eds.) The UFAW Handbook on the Care and Management of Laboratory and Other Research Animals. 8th ed. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 543-563. http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1405175230,descCd-description.html

Book Review

Buchanan-Smith HM (2009) Carrots and Sticks: Principles of Animal Training. Review of: Carrots and Sticks: Principles of Animal Training By Paul McGreevy, Robert Boakes, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, 318pp, ISBN:9780521686914. Biologist, 66 (1), pp. 62-62.

Article

Buchanan-Smith HM, Gamble MR, Gore M, Hawkins P, Hubrecht R, Hudson S, Jennings M, Keeley JR, Morris K, Morton DB, Owen S, Pearce PC, Prescott MJ, Robb D, Rumble RJ, Wolfensohn S & Buist D (2009) Refinements in husbandry, care and common procedures for non-human primates: Ninth report of the BVAAWF/FRAME/RSPCA/UFAW Joint Working Group on Refinement. Laboratory Animals, 43 (Suppl 1), pp. 1-47. https://doi.org/10.1258/la.2008.007143

Meeting Abstract

Smith AC & Buchanan-Smith HM (2008) Food, sex and violence: Influences on intergroup encounters in tamarins (Saguinus spp.). 2nd Congress of the European Federation for Primatology, Prague, 03/09/2007 - 07/09/2007. Folia Primatologica, 79 (5), pp. 385-385. http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=4&SID=Z1NElojoK7mGfP4ae9A&page=1&doc=1

Technical Report

McCann C, Buchanan-Smith HM, Jones-Engel L, Farmer KH, Prescott MJ, Fitch-Snyder H & Taylor S (2007) IPS International guidelines for the acquisition, care and breeding of nonhuman primates, 2nd edn. International Primatological Society, USA. http://internationalprimatologicalsociety.org/docs/IPS_International_Guidelines_for_the_Acquisition_Care_and_Breeding_of_Nonhuman_Primates_Second_Edition_2007.pdf

Article

Smith AC, Knogge C, Huck M, Lottker P, Buchanan-Smith HM & Heymann EW (2007) Long-term patterns of sleeping site use in wild saddleback (Saguinus fuscicollis) and Mustached Tamarins (S-mystax): Effects of foraging, thermoregulation, predation, and resource defense constraints. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 134 (3), pp. 340-353. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.20676

Article

Prescott MJ & Buchanan-Smith HM (2007) Training laboratory-housed non-human primates, part I: a UK survey. Animal Welfare, 16 (1), pp. 21-36. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/berg/anthroz/2005/00000018/00000003/art00009?token=004f1477f01a39412f415d767025737b502b2f423863762530482972715a614f6d4e227a30b0a0b

Article

Buchanan-Smith HM, Rennie A, Vitale A, Pollo S, Prescott MJ & Morton DB (2005) Harmonising the definition of refinement. Animal Welfare, 14 (4), pp. 379-384. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ufaw/aw/2005/00000014/00000004/art00014

Article

Prescott MJ, Buchanan-Smith HM & Smith AC (2005) Social interaction with non-averse group-mates modifies a learned food aversion in single- and mixed-species groups of Tamarins (Saguinus fuscicollis and S-labiatus). American Journal of Primatology, 65 (4), pp. 313-326. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.20118

Article

Osorio D, Smith AC, Vorobyev M & Buchanan-Smith HM (2004) Detection of fruit and the selection of primate visual pigments for color vision. American Naturalist, 164 (6), pp. 696-708. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/425332?&Search=yes&searchText=fruit&searchText=visual&searchText=vision&searchText=color&searchText=pigments&searchText=Detection&searchText=primate&searchText=selection&list=hide&searchUri=%2Faction%2FdoBasicSearch%3Ffi; https://doi.org/10.1086/425332

Meeting Abstract

Surridge AK, Suarez SS, Buchanan-Smith HM, Smith AC & Mundy N (2004) Distribution of colour vision phenotypes in wild tamarins. 20th Congress of the International Primatological Society, Torino,. Folia Primatologica, 75 (Supplement 1), pp. 184-184. http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=1&SID=Z1NElojoK7mGfP4ae9A&page=1&doc=1

Meeting Abstract

Smith AC, Buchanan-Smith HM, Surridge AK & Mundy N (2004) Effects of colour vision on group spread within wild mixed-species troops of tamarins (Saguinus fuscicollis and Saguinus mystax). 20th Congress of the International Primatological Society, Torino,. Folia Primatologica, 75, pp. 185-185. http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=3&SID=Z1NElojoK7mGfP4ae9A&page=1&doc=2

Meeting Abstract

Buchanan-Smith HM & Pessoa VF (2004) Recent advances in colour vision research. 20th Congress of the International Primatological Society, Torino,. Folia Primatologica, 75 (Supplement 1), pp. S183-S183. http://content.karger.com/ProdukteDB/produkte.asp?Aktion=BackIssuesJG&searchParm=2004&ProduktNr=223842

Meeting Abstract

Zucco MF, Botti C, Buchanan-Smith HM, de Boo J, Hendriksen CFM, Pollo S, Rennie A, Stammati A, Vitale A & Vorstenbosch JMG (2004) Alternatives to animal experiments: Closing the gap between ethical and scientific issues. Living in a Safe Chemical World - ICTX Congress 2004, Tampere, Finland, 11/07/2004 - 15/07/2004. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 197 (3), pp. 245-245. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2004.04.002

Article

Prescott MJ & Buchanan-Smith HM (2004) Cage sizes for tamarins in the laboratory. Animal Welfare, 13 (2), pp. 151-158. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ufaw/aw/2004/00000013/00000002/art00007

Article

Smith AC, Buchanan-Smith HM, Surridge AK & Mundy N (2003) Leaders of progressions in wild mixed-species troops of saddleback (Saguinus fuscicollis) and mustached Tamarins (S-mystax), with emphasis on color vision and sex. American Journal of Primatology, 61 (4), pp. 145-157. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.10117

Other

Prescott MJ (Editor) & Buchanan-Smith HM (Editor) (2003) Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 6 (3). http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/S15327604JAWS0603_01

Article

Waitt C, Buchanan-Smith HM & Morris K (2002) The effects of caretaker-primate relationships on primates in the laboratory. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 5 (4), pp. 309-319. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?partnerID=yv4JPVwI&eid=2-s2.0-4444384596&md5=45201fe0cd5569dc27f9a7a8fb7fc924; https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327604JAWS0504_05

Article

Parnell RJ & Buchanan-Smith HM (2001) An unusual social display in gorillas. Nature, 412 (6850), p. 294. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v412/n6844/pdf/412294a0.pdf

See all 106 outputs

Teaching

Teaching

I teach animal behaviour, animal welfare, human animal interactions, and how to measure behaviour across the undergraduate Psychology degree, and am Director of the Masters programme in human animal interactions.