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Article

Refinement of the use of non-human primates in scientific research. Part I: the influence of humans

Citation
Rennie A & Buchanan-Smith HM (2006) Refinement of the use of non-human primates in scientific research. Part I: the influence of humans. Animal Welfare, 15 (3), pp. 203-213. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ufaw/aw/2006/00000015/00000003/art00001

Abstract
The welfare of non-human primates used in scientific research must be safeguarded to promote scientific validity and for ethical reasons. Welfare can be improved by the refinement of practice, particularly if these refinements are applied to every aspect of the life of an animal used in the laboratory, from birth to death with the aim of both minimising harm and maximising well-being. Many refinement methods have been described in nationally and internationally accepted guidelines on laboratory practice, but awareness of these guidelines is not universal. In Part I of this review, we examine the influence of humans on non-human primates and summarise and evaluate methods of refinement that are or could be used to reduce suffering and improve welfare. In particular we focus on staff selection, education and training, human-animal bonds, staff communication, and training primates. In Parts II and III, refinements of housing, husbandry and experimental procedures are reviewed.

Keywords
animal welfare; human-animal bonds; positive reinforcement training; refinement; staff education; staff selection

Journal
Animal Welfare: Volume 15, Issue 3

StatusPublished
Author(s)Rennie, Anita; Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M
Publication date31/08/2006
Publication date online01/08/2006
PublisherUniversities Federation for Animal Welfare
Publisher URLhttp://www.ingentaconnect.com/…0000003/art00001
ISSN0962-7286
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