My name is Paul Cairney and my title is Professor of Politics and Public Policy in the Department of History and Politics at the University of Stirling. I am also a Fellow of the Academy of Social Science.
My blog on public policy is here - https://paulcairney.wordpress.com/ - and twitter is @Cairneypaul or @undpublicpolicy.
A longer CV and full list of my academic publications can also be found here: https://paulcairney.wordpress.com/cv/
I am a specialist in British politics and public policy, currently focusing on the ways in which policy studies can explain the use of evidence in politics and policy, and how policymakers translate broad long term aims into evidence-informed objectives (The Politics of Evidence-Based Policymaking, 2016).
As part of the ESRC Centre on Constitutional Change (CCC, led by Professors Michael Keating and Nicola McEwev), I was funded from 2013-15 to examine the policy capacity of Scottish institutions in the lead up to the referendum on Scottish independence. The CCC was at the heart of academic-driven discussions to provide relatively impartial evidence to voters in Scotland.
As part of the Horizon2020 funded IMAJINE centre on territorial inequalities across Europe, I will be funded from 2016-21 to examine the ways in which governments can, and should, use evidence to learn from the success and failure of other government strategies.
You can find an introductory blog post here: https://paulcairney.wordpress.com/2016/10/19/the-theory-and-practice-of-evidence-based-policy-transfer-can-we-learn-how-to-reduce-territorial-inequalities/
comparisons of policy theories (e.g. Understanding Public Policy, 2012)
applications of policy theory to live topics (The Politics of Evidence-Based Policy Making, 2016)
policy outcomes in different countries (Global Tobacco Control, 2012 (with Donley Studlar and Hadii Mamudu)
Scottish politics and policy (The Scottish Political System Since Devolution, 2011 and Scottish Politics 2nd ed, 2013 with Neil McGarvey)
comparisons of UK and devolved government policymaking (‘Has Devolution Changed the British Policy Style?', British Politics, 3, 3, 350-72)
comparisons of policy outcomes across the UK (‘Policy Convergence, Transfer and Learning in the UK under Devolution', Regional and Federal Studies, 22, 3, 289-307 with Michael Keating and Eve Hepburn).
I was funded (October 2013-15) by the Economic and Social Research Council to research the policymaking process in Scotland, focusing on areas such as preventative spending.
I am now funded (2016-21) by EU Horizon2020 (IMAJINE centre on territorial inequalities across Europe) to examine the ways in which governments can, and should, use evidence to learn from the success and failure of other government strategies to reduce territorial inequalities.
Oliver K & Cairney P (2019) The dos and don'ts of influencing policy: a systematic review of advice to academics. Palgrave Communications, 5 (1), Art. No.: 21. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-019-0232-y
Cairney P, McHarg A, McEwen N & Turner K (2019) How to conceptualise energy law and policy for an interdisciplinary audience: The case of post-Brexit UK. Energy Policy, 129, pp. 459-466. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2019.02.022
Studlar D & Cairney P (2019) Multilevel governance, public health and the regulation of food: is tobacco control policy a model? (Forthcoming/Available Online). Journal of Public Health Policy. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41271-019-00165-6
Cairney P & Yamazaki M (2018) A comparison of tobacco policy in the UK and Japan: if the scientific evidence is identical, why is there a major difference in policy?. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis, 20 (3), pp. 253-268. https://doi.org/10.1080/13876988.2017.1323439
Mayne R, Green D, Guijt I, Walsh M, English R & Cairney P (2018) Using evidence to influence policy: Oxfam's experience. Palgrave Communications, 4 (1), Art. No.: 122. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-018-0176-7
Topp L, Mair D, Smillie L & Cairney P (2018) Knowledge management for policy impact: the case of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre. Palgrave Communications, 4, Art. No.: 87. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-018-0143-3
Cairney P & Rummery K (2018) Feminising Politics to Close the Evidence-Policy Gap: The Case of Social Policy in Scotland (Forthcoming/Available Online). Australian Journal of Public Administration. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8500.12266
Cairney P, Fischer M & Ingold K (2018) Fracking in the UK and Switzerland: why differences in policymaking systems don’t always produce different outputs and outcomes. Policy and Politics, 46 (1), pp. 125-147. https://doi.org/10.1332/030557316X14793989976783
Cairney P & Weible C (2017) The new policy sciences: combining the cognitive science of choice, multiple theories of context, and basic and applied analysis. Policy Sciences, 50 (4), pp. 619-627. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11077-017-9304-2
Cairney P & Geyer R (2017) A critical discussion of complexity theory: how does 'complexity thinking' improve our understanding of politics and policymaking?. Complexity, Governance and Networks, 3 (2), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.20377/cgn-56
Cairney P & Kwiatkowski R (2017) How to communicate effectively with policymakers: combine insights from psychology and policy studies. Palgrave Communications, 3 (1), Art. No.: 37. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-017-0046-8
Cairney P (2017) Evidence-based best practice is more political than it looks: a case study of the 'Scottish Approach'. Evidence and Policy, 13 (3), pp. 499-515. https://doi.org/10.1332/174426416X14609261565901
Ingold K, Fischer M & Cairney P (2017) Drivers for Policy Agreement in Nascent Subsystems: An Application of the Advocacy Coalition Framework to Fracking Policy in Switzerland and the UK. Policy Studies Journal, 45 (3), pp. 442-463. https://doi.org/10.1111/psj.12173
Cairney P (2017) Economics: Messy genesis of the welfare state (Book Review). Review of: Bread for All: The Origins of the Welfare State, Chris Renwick, London: Allen Lane, 2017, 336 pp. ISBN: 9780241186688. Nature, 548 (7669), pp. 522-522. https://doi.org/10.1038/548522a
Cairney P & Oliver K (2017) Evidence-based policymaking is not like evidence-based medicine, so how far should you go to bridge the divide between evidence and policy?. Health Research Policy and Systems, 15 (1), Art. No.: 35. 201; https://doi.org/10.1186/s12961-017-0192-x
Cairney P (2016) Don’t be fooled by Sturgeon: we’ll see no indyref2 for Scotland until Brexit is clearer. The Conversation. 14.10.2016. https://theconversation.com/dont-be-fooled-by-sturgeon-well-see-no-indyref2-for-scotland-until-brexit-is-clearer-67026
Cairney P (2016) Salmond vs Darling debate: the perceived winner is not what matters. The Conversation. 26.08.2016. https://theconversation.com/salmond-vs-darling-debate-the-perceived-winner-is-not-what-matters-30940
Cairney P, Russell S & St Denny E (2016) The ‘Scottish approach’ to policy and policymaking: what issues are territorial and what are universal?. Policy and Politics, 44 (3), pp. 333-350. https://doi.org/10.1332/030557315X14353331264538
Cairney P, Keating M & Wilson A (2016) Solving the problem of social background in the UK ‘political class’: do parties do things differently in Westminster, devolved, and European elections?. British Politics, 11 (2), pp. 142-163. https://doi.org/10.1057/bp.2015.39
Crines AS, Spicer A, Durodie B, Spencer D, Cairney P, Taylor-Gooby P, Murphy R, Scully R, Usherwood S & Dhingra S (2016) Brexit is on: Britain votes to leave the EU – experts respond. The Conversation. 24.06.2016. https://theconversation.com/brexit-is-on-britain-votes-to-leave-the-eu-experts-respond-61576
Cairney P, Oliver K & Wellstead A (2016) To Bridge the Divide between Evidence and Policy: Reduce Ambiguity as Much as Uncertainty. Public Administration Review, 76 (3), pp. 399-402. https://doi.org/10.1111/puar.12555
Mamudu H, Cairney P & Studlar DT (2015) Global public policy: Does the new venue for transnational tobacco control challenge the old way of doing things?. Public Administration, 93 (4), pp. 856-873. https://doi.org/10.1111/padm.12143
Geyer R & Cairney P (eds.) (2015) Handbook on Complexity and Public Policy. Handbooks of Research on Public Policy series. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. http://www.e-elgar.com/shop/handbook-on-complexity-and-public-policy
Cairney P (2015) Sorry Ed Miliband, but minority government is unlikely to work in Westminster. The Conversation. 23.03.2015. https://theconversation.com/sorry-ed-miliband-but-minority-government-is-unlikely-to-work-in-westminster-39003
Cairney P (2015) It’s ugly politics as usual as the big Scottish beasts of Westminster prepare to exit. The Conversation. 11.03.2015. https://theconversation.com/its-ugly-politics-as-usual-as-the-big-scottish-beasts-of-westminster-prepare-to-exit-38670
Cairney P (2015) A tale of two nations: how tuition fees in England and Scotland differ over debt and inequality. The Conversation. 04.03.2015. https://theconversation.com/a-tale-of-two-nations-how-tuition-fees-in-england-and-scotland-differ-over-debt-and-inequality-38394
Cairney P (2015) Shale fail: David Cameron has not gone 'all out' for fracking. The Conversation. 28.01.2015. https://theconversation.com/shale-fail-david-cameron-has-not-gone-all-out-for-fracking-36810
Cairney P (2014) Five reasons why some countries are so lax at regulating smoking. The Conversation. 23.12.2014. https://theconversation.com/five-reasons-why-some-countries-are-so-lax-at-regulating-smoking-35782
Cairney P & Mamudu H (2014) The global tobacco control 'endgame': Change the policy environment to implement the FCTC. Journal of Public Health Policy, 35 (4), pp. 506-517. https://doi.org/10.1057/jphp.2014.18
Cairney P & Studlar DT (2014) Public health policy in the United Kingdom: After the war on tobacco, is a war on alcohol brewing?. World Medical and Health Policy, 6 (3), pp. 308-323. https://doi.org/10.1002/wmh3.106
Cairney P (2014) Scots should forget devo max – it’s not possible and wasn’t offered. The Conversation. 24.09.2014. https://theconversation.com/scots-should-forget-devo-max-its-not-possible-and-wasnt-offered-32119
Cairney P (2014) David Cameron wants you to phone a friend in Scotland, but there's a divorce hotline as well. The Conversation. 07.02.2014. https://theconversation.com/david-cameron-wants-you-to-phone-a-friend-in-scotland-but-theres-a-divorce-hotline-as-well-22968
Cairney P & McGarvey N (2013) Pressure Politics and the ‘Scottish Policy Style’. In: Cairney P & McGarvey N (eds.) Scottish Politics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 154-170. http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?pid=569083
Nilsen P, Stahl C, Roback K & Cairney P (2013) Never the twain shall meet? - a comparison of implementation science and policy implementation research. Implementation Science, 8 (1), Art. No.: 63. https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-5908-8-63
Jordan G & Cairney P (2013) What is the 'dominant model' of British policymaking? Comparing majoritarian and policy community ideas. British Politics, 8 (3), pp. 233-259. https://doi.org/10.1057/bp.2013.5
Cairney P (2013) Territorial Policy Communities and the Scottish Policy Style: the Case of Compulsory Education. Scottish Affairs, (82), pp. 73-97. http://www.euppublishing.com/doi/abs/10.3366/scot.2013.0004; https://doi.org/10.3366/scot.2013.0004
Cairney P (2013) Standing on the Shoulders of Giants: How Do We Combine the Insights of Multiple Theories in Public Policy Studies?. Policy Studies Journal, 41 (1), pp. 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1111/psj.12000
Keating M, Cairney P & Hepburn E (2012) Policy Convergence, Transfer and Learning in the UK under Devolution. Regional and Federal Studies, 22 (3), pp. 289-307. https://doi.org/10.1080/13597566.2012.688272
Cairney P (2012) Intergovernmental Relations in Scotland: what was the SNP effect?. British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 14 (2), pp. 231-249. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-856X.2011.00493.x
Cairney P (2011) The Scottish Parliament and Scottish Government: Does Minority Government Make a Difference?. In: Cairney P (ed.) The Scottish Political System Since Devolution: From New Politics to the New Scottish Government. Charlottesville, VA, USA: Imprint Academic, pp. 39-58.
Cairney P (2011) Punctuated Equilibrium. In: Cairney P (ed.) Understanding Public Policy: Theories and Issues. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 175-199. http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?pid=360100
Kettell S & Cairney P (2010) Taking the Power of Ideas Seriously - The Case of the United Kingdom's 2008 Human Fertilisation and Embryology Bill. Policy Studies, 31 (3), pp. 301-317. https://doi.org/10.1080/01442871003615943
Keating M & Cairney P (2009) The New Scottish Statute Book: The Scottish Parliament's Legislative Record Since 1999. In: Jeffrey C & Mitchell J (eds.) The Scottish Parliament 1999-2009: The First Decade. Edinburgh: Luath Press, pp. 37-42. http://www.luath.co.uk/the-scottish-parliament-1999-2009-the-first-decade.html
Cairney P (2009) New Scottish Parliament, Same Old Interest Group Politics?. In: Jeffrey C & Mitchell J (eds.) The Scottish Parliament 1999-2009: The First Decade. Edinburgh: Luath, pp. 105-112. http://www.luath.co.uk/the-scottish-parliament-1999-2009-the-first-decade.html
Asare B, Cairney P & Studlar DT (2009) Federalism and Multilevel Governance in Tobacco Policy: The European Union, the United Kingdom, and Devolved UK Institutions. Journal of Public Policy, 29 (1), pp. 79-102. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0143814X09000993
Keating M, Cairney P & Hepburn E (2009) Territorial Policy Communities and Devolution in the UK. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 2 (1), pp. 51-66. https://doi.org/10.1093/cjres/rsn024
McGarvey N & Cairney P (2008) Assessing Scottish Democracy. In: McGarvey N & Cairney P (eds.) Scottish Politics: An Introduction. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 219-241. http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?pid=269877
Cairney P (2007) Using Devolution to Set the Agenda? Venue shift and the smoking ban in Scotland. British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 9 (1), pp. 73-89. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-856X.2007.00259.x
Cairney P (2006) Venue Shift Following Devolution: When Reserved Meets Devolved in Scotland. Regional and Federal Studies, 16 (4), pp. 429-445. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13597560600989029#preview
Cairney P (2006) The Analysis of Scottish Parliament Committee Influence: Beyond Capacity and Structure in Comparing West European Legislatures. European Journal of Political Research, 45 (2), pp. 181-208. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-6765.2006.00295.x
Shephard M & Cairney P (2004) Consensual or Dominant Relationships with Parliament? A Comparison of Administrations and Ministers in Scotland. Public Administration, 82 (4), pp. 831-855. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0033-3298.2004.00421.x
Keating M, Stevenson L, Cairney P & Taylor K (2003) Does Devolution Make a Difference? Legislative Output and Policy Divergence in Scotland. Journal of Legislative Studies, 9 (3), pp. 110-139. https://doi.org/10.1080/1357233042000246882
Cairney P (2002) New public management and the Thatcher healthcare legacy: enough of the theory, what about the implementation?. British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 4 (3), pp. 375-398. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-856X.00085