Prior to joining the Stirling Philosophy Department in 2004, I held teaching and research posts at the Universities of Dundee, Oxford, and Stirling (a previous appointment). My doctoral work was carried out at the University of Sussex.
I have given invited papers at symposia and conferences all over the UK, and in Austria, Belgium, Canada, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, South Africa, Spain and the USA. Symposia specifically on my work have been organised by philosophy departments at the Goethe University of Frankfurt, the Free University of Amsterdam, and Tilburg University.
I am currently Co-I on The History of Distributed Cognition', a multi-institutional and multi-disciplinary project spanning Edinburgh, Durham, Oxford and Stirling, and Classics, English, History and Philosophy. Our project partner is the National Museums of Scotland. I am also scientific consultant on the John Templeton Foundation funded project ‘Knowledge Beyond Natural Science' (Principal Investigator Crispin Wright, Stirling). I held previous AHRC awards for individual research leave and for a series of interdisciplinary seminars on ‘The Interactive Mind' as part of the Council's programme of strategic initiatives. I was also a steering committee member of ‘Cognitive Futures in the Humanities', an AHRC funded network with the goal of bringing cognitive science and the humanities into productive interaction.
I have acted as external examiner for Doctoral theses at the University of London (6 theses), the University of Edinburgh (6), the University of Sussex (5), the University of Oxford (1), the University of Sheffield (1), the University of York (1), the Open University (1), Kent University (1), Macquarie University (1), and the University of Melbourne (1).
My primary research interests are in philosophy of science (especially cognitive science, psychology, biology and artificial intelligence) and philosophy of mind. I am also interested in developing philosophical ideas at the interface between the analytic and the continental traditions in philosophy.
My current research is focussed on two areas.
The nature of, and the prospects for, so-called 4E (embodied-embedded-extended-enactive) approaches to cognition, with a particular interest in the subtle and complex ways in which human beings intimately couple with technology to transform, enhance, and sometimes impede, cognitive performance;
The apparent tension between naturalism and transcendentalism, as that tension affects attempts to bring phenomenological thought into productive contact with cognitive science.
I have co-authored papers with researchers in philosophy, psychology, artificial intelligence, artificial life and linguistics. I have been a member of collaborative research projects involving disciplines other than my own (including archaeology, architecture, art and design, artificial intelligence, artificial life, classics, computer science, English, history, music and psychology). Some of these projects have involved contributions from non-academic stakeholders in research (including the Office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario, the National Museums of Scotland, and representatives from the computer and Web industries). I was involved in a collaborative project in which artificial life simulation techniques were used to investigate the evolution of honesty in animal communication systems.
Anderson M, Rousseau G & Wheeler M (eds.) (2019) Distributed Cognition in Enlightenment and Romantic Culture. The Edinburgh History of Distributed Cognition Series. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Wheeler M (2019) Breaking the Waves: Beyond Parity and Complementarity in the Arguments for Extended Cognition. In: Colombo M, Irvine L & Stapleton M (eds.) Andy Clark and his Critics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 81-97. https://global.oup.com/academic/product/andy-clark-and-his-critics-9780190662813?cc=gb&lang=en&
Anderson M, Wheeler M & Sprevak M (2018) Distributed cognition and the humanities. In: Anderson M, Cairns D & Sprevak M (eds.) Distributed Cognition in Classical Antiquity. The Edinburgh History of Distributed Cognition Series. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 1-17. https://edinburghuniversitypress.com/book-distributed-cognition-in-classical-antiquity.html
Clavel Vázquez MJ & Wheeler M (2018) Minding Nature: Gallagher and the Relevance of Phenomenology to Cognitive Science. Australasian Philosophical Review, 2 (2), pp. 145-158. https://doi.org/10.1080/24740500.2018.1552085
Wheeler M (2018) Knowledge, Credit, and the Extended Mind, or what Calvisius Sabinus got Right. In: Carter A, Clark A, Kallestrup J, Palermos S & Pritchard D (eds.) Extended Epistemology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 147-161. https://global.oup.com/academic/product/extended-epistemology-9780198769811?cc=gb〈=en&
Wheeler M (2018) Talking about more than Heads: the Embodied, Embedded and Extended Creative Mind. In: Gaut B & Kieran M (eds.) Creativity and Philosophy. London: Routledge, pp. 230-250. https://www.routledge.com/Creativity-and-Philosophy/Gaut-Kieran/p/book/9781138827684
Wheeler M (2017) The Edge of Thought: Extended Cognition and the Border between Mind and World. In: Gardini N, Jacobs A, Morgan B, Omri M & Reynolds M (eds.) Minding Borders: Resilient Divisions in Literature, the Body and the Academy. Transcript, 5. Cambridge: Legenda. http://www.mhra.org.uk/publications/Minding-Borders
Casati F & Wheeler M (2016) The Recent Engagement between Analytic Philosophy and Heideggerian Thought: Metaphysics and Mind. Philosophy Compass, 11 (9), pp. 486-498. https://doi.org/10.1111/phc3.12345
Wheeler M (2015) A Tale of Two Dilemmas: Cognitive Kinds and the Extended Mind. In: Kendig C (ed.) Natural Kinds and Classification in Scientific Practice. History and Philosophy of Biology. London: Routledge, pp. 175-185. https://www.routledge.com/Natural-Kinds-and-Classification-in-Scientific-Practice/Kendig/p/book/9781848935402
Wheeler M (2015) Not What it’s Like but Where it’s Like: Phenomenal Consciousness, Sensory Substitution and the Extended Mind. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 22 (3-4), pp. 129-147. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/imp/jcs/2015/00000022/F0020003/art00008
Wheeler M (2014) Revolution, Reform, or Business as Usual? The Future Prospects for Embodied Cognition. In: Shapiro L (ed.) The Routledge Handbook of Embodied Cognition. Routledge Handbooks in Philosophy. London: Routledge, pp. 374-383. https://www.routledge.com/The-Routledge-Handbook-of-Embodied-Cognition/Shapiro/p/book/9780415623612
Wheeler M (2014) The Rest is Science: What Does Phenomenology Tell Us About Cognition?. In: Feldges T, Gray J & Burwood S (eds.) Subjectivity and the Social World. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 23-38. http://www.cambridgescholars.com/subjectivity-and-the-social-world
Wheeler M (2013) Is Cognition Embedded or Extended? The Case of Gestures. In: Radman Z (ed.) The Hand, an Organ of the Mind: What the Manual tells the Mental. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 269-301. http://mitpress.mit.edu/node/198189
Wheeler M (2013) Science Friction: Phenomenology, Naturalism and Cognitive Science. In: Carel H & Meacham D (eds.) Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement, Vol.72: Phenomenology and Naturalism. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement, vol. 72. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 135-167. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1358246113000076
Kiverstein J & Wheeler M (eds.) (2012) Heidegger and Cognitive Science. New Directions in Philosophy and Cognitive Science. Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan. http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?pid=297771
Wheeler M (2012) Naturalizing Dasein and other (Alleged) Heresies. In: Kiverstein J & Wheeler M (eds.) Heidegger and Cognitive Science. New Directions in Philosophy and Cognitive Science. Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan, pp. 176-212. http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?pid=297771
Cappuccio M & Wheeler M (2012) Ground-Level Intelligence: Action-Oriented Representation and the Dynamics of the Background. In: Radman Z (ed.) Knowing without Thinking: Mind, Action, Cognition and the Phenomenon of the Background. New Directions in Philosophy and Cognitive Science. Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan, pp. 13-36. http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?pid=484963
Wheeler M (2011) Embodied Cognition and the Extended Mind. In: Garvey J (ed.) The Continuum Companion to Philosophy of Mind. Bloomsbury Companions. London: Continuum, pp. 220-238. http://www.bloomsbury.com/us/the-continuum-companion-to-philosophy-of-mind-9780826431882/
Wheeler M & Di Paolo E (2011) Existentialism and Cognitive Science. In: Joseph F, Reynolds J & Woodward A (eds.) The Continuum Companion to Existentialism. Bloomsbury Companions. London: Continuum, pp. 241-259. http://www.bloomsbury.com/us/the-continuum-companion-to-existentialism-9780826438454/
Wheeler M (2011) Martin Heidegger. In: Zalta E (ed.) Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Spring 2013 ed. Stanford, CA, USA: The Metaphysics Research Lab. http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2013/entries/heidegger/
Wheeler M (2011) Mind in Life or Life in Mind? Making Sense of Deep Continuity. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 18 (5-6), pp. 148-168. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/imp/jcs/2011/00000018/f0020005
Wheeler M (2010) The Problem of Representation. In: Gallagher S & Schmicking D (eds.) Handbook of Phenomenology and Cognitive Science. Berlin: Springer, pp. 318-336. http://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-90-481-2646-0/page/1
Wheeler M (2010) In Defense of Extended Functionalism. In: Menary R (ed.) The Extended Mind. Life and Mind series: Philosophical Issues in Biology and Psychology. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press, pp. 245-270. http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/extended-mind
Wheeler M (2010) Minds, Things and Materiality. In: Malafouris L & Renfrew C (eds.) The Cognitive Life of Things: Recasting the Boundaries of the Mind. McDonald Institute monographs. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research Publications, pp. 29-37. http://www.oxbowbooks.com/oxbow/cognitive-life-of-things.html
Cappuccio M & Wheeler M (2010) When the Twain Meet: Could the Study of Mind be a Meeting of Minds?. In: Reynolds J, Chase J, Williams J & Mares E (eds.) Postanalytic and Metacontinental: Crossing Philosophical Divides. Continuum Studies in Philosophy. London: Continuum, pp. 125-144. http://www.bloomsbury.com/us/postanalytic-and-metacontinental-9780826424419/
Wheeler M (2010) Plastic Machines: Behavioural Diversity and the Turing Test. Kybernetes, 39 (3), pp. 466-480. http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0368-492x; https://doi.org/10.1108/03684921011036187
Wheeler M (2009) Evolutionary Models in Psychology. In: Symons J & Calvo P (eds.) The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology. Routledge Philosophy Companions. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis (Routledge), pp. 416-429. http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415396325/
Wheeler M (2008) God’s Machines: Descartes on the Mechanization of Mind. In: Husbands P, Holland O & Wheeler M (eds.) The Mechanical Mind in History. Bradford Books. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, pp. 307-330. http://mitpress.mit.edu/9780262083775/
Wheeler M & Clark A (2008) Culture, Embodiment and Genes: Unravelling the Triple Helix. Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences, 363 (1509), pp. 3563-3575. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2008.0135
Wheeler M (2008) Cognition in Context: Phenomenology, Situated Robotics and the Frame Problem. International Journal of Philosophical Studies, 16 (3), pp. 323-349. https://doi.org/10.1080/09672550802113235
Wheeler M (2007) Continuity in Question: An afterword to 'Is Language the Ultimate Artefact?'. In: Wallace B, Ross A, Davies J & Anderson T (eds.) The Mind, the Body and the World: Psychology After Cognitivism?. Exeter: Imprint Academic, pp. 298-306. http://www.booksonix.com/imprint/bookshop/
Wheeler M (2007) Is Language the Ultimate Artefact?. In: Wallace B, Ross A, Davies JB & Anderson T (eds.) The Mind, the Body and the World: Psychology After Cognitivism?. Exeter: Imprint Academic, pp. 269-308. http://www.booksonix.com/imprint/bookshop/
Wheeler M (2007) Traits, Genes, and Coding. In: Matthen M, Stephens C, Gabbay DM, Thagard P & Woods J (eds.) Philosophy of Biology. Handbook of the Philosophy of Science. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 369-399. http://www.elsevierdirect.com/product.jsp?isbn=9780444515438; https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-044451543-8/50019-8
Atkinson A & Wheeler M (2004) The Grain of Domains: The Evolutionary-Psychological Case Against Domain-General Cognition. Mind and Language, 19 (2), pp. 147-176. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0017.2004.00252.x