Prior to joining the Stirling Philosophy Department in 2004, I held teaching and research posts at the Universities of Dundee, Oxford, and Stirling (a previous appointment). My doctoral work was carried out at the University of Sussex.
I have given invited papers at symposia and conferences all over the UK, and in Austria, Belgium, Canada, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, South Africa, Spain and the USA. Symposia specifically on my work have been organised by philosophy departments at the Goethe University of Frankfurt, the Free University of Amsterdam, and Tilburg University.
I am currently Co-I on The History of Distributed Cognition', a multi-institutional and multi-disciplinary project spanning Edinburgh, Durham, Oxford and Stirling, and Classics, English, History and Philosophy. Our project partner is the National Museums of Scotland. I am also scientific consultant on the John Templeton Foundation funded project ‘Knowledge Beyond Natural Science' (Principal Investigator Crispin Wright, Stirling). I held previous AHRC awards for individual research leave and for a series of interdisciplinary seminars on ‘The Interactive Mind' as part of the Council's programme of strategic initiatives. I was also a steering committee member of ‘Cognitive Futures in the Humanities', an AHRC funded network with the goal of bringing cognitive science and the humanities into productive interaction.
I have acted as external examiner for Doctoral theses at the University of London (6 theses), the University of Edinburgh (6), the University of Sussex (5), the University of Oxford (1), the University of Sheffield (1), the University of York (1), the Open University (1), Kent University (1), Macquarie University (1), and the University of Melbourne (1).
My primary research interests are in philosophy of science (especially cognitive science, psychology, biology and artificial intelligence) and philosophy of mind. I am also interested in developing philosophical ideas at the interface between the analytic and the continental traditions in philosophy.
My current research is focussed on two areas.
The nature of, and the prospects for, so-called 4E (embodied-embedded-extended-enactive) approaches to cognition, with a particular interest in the subtle and complex ways in which human beings intimately couple with technology to transform, enhance, and sometimes impede, cognitive performance;
The apparent tension between naturalism and transcendentalism, as that tension affects attempts to bring phenomenological thought into productive contact with cognitive science.
I have co-authored papers with researchers in philosophy, psychology, artificial intelligence, artificial life and linguistics. I have been a member of collaborative research projects involving disciplines other than my own (including archaeology, architecture, art and design, artificial intelligence, artificial life, classics, computer science, English, history, music and psychology). Some of these projects have involved contributions from non-academic stakeholders in research (including the Office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario, the National Museums of Scotland, and representatives from the computer and Web industries). I was involved in a collaborative project in which artificial life simulation techniques were used to investigate the evolution of honesty in animal communication systems.
Anderson M, Wheeler M & Sprevak M (2018) Distributed cognition and the humanities. In: Anderson M, Cairns D & Sprevak M (eds.) Distributed Cognition in Classical Antiquity. The Edinburgh History of Distributed Cognition Series. Edinburgh, pp. 1-17. https://edinburghuniversitypress.com/book-distributed-cognition-in-classical-antiquity.html
Wheeler M (2018) Knowledge, Credit, and the Extended Mind, or what Calvisius Sabinus got Right. In: Carter A, Clark A, Kallestrup J, Palermos S & Pritchard D (eds.) Extended Epistemology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 147-161. https://global.oup.com/academic/product/extended-epistemology-9780198769811?cc=gb〈=en&.
Wheeler M (2018) Talking about more than Heads: the Embodied, Embedded and Extended Creative Mind. In: Gaut B & Kieran M (eds.) Creativity and Philosophy. Routledge. https://www.routledge.com/Creativity-and-Philosophy/Gaut-Kieran/p/book/9781138827684.
Wheeler M (2017) The Institute of Art and Ideas website, news section, Philosophy for
Our Times: Incisive Articles on Cutting Edge Ideas, 24/10/2017. The Institute of Art and Ideas. Available at: https://iainews.iai.tv/articles/the-being- of-replicants-auid-911
Wheeler M (2017) The Edge of Thought: Extended Cognition and the Border between Mind and World. In: Gardini N, Jacobs AX, Morgan B, Omri M-S, Reynolds M (ed.). Minding Borders: Resilient Divisions in Literature, the Body and the Academy. Transcript, 5, Cambridge: Legenda.
Wheeler M (2015) A Tale of Two Dilemmas: Cognitive Kinds and the Extended Mind. In: Kendig C (ed.). Natural Kinds and Classification in Scientific Practice. History and Philosophy of Biology, London: Routledge, pp. 175-185.
Wheeler M (2014) The Rest is Science: What Does Phenomenology Tell Us About Cognition?. In: Feldges T, Gray JNW, Burwood S (ed.). Subjectivity and the Social World, Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 23-38.
Wheeler M (2014) Revolution, Reform, or Business as Usual? The Future Prospects for Embodied Cognition. In: Shapiro L (ed.) The Routledge Handbook of Embodied Cognition. Routledge Handbooks in Philosophy. London: Routledge, pp. 374-383. https://www.routledge.com/The-Routledge-Handbook-of-Embodied-Cognition/Shapiro/p/book/9780415623612.
Wheeler M (2013) Science Friction: Phenomenology, Naturalism and Cognitive Science. In: Carel H, Meacham D (ed.). Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement, Vol.72: Phenomenology and Naturalism. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement, vol. 72, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 135-167.
Wheeler M (2012) Naturalizing Dasein and other (Alleged) Heresies. In: Kiverstein J, Wheeler M (ed.). Heidegger and Cognitive Science. New Directions in Philosophy and Cognitive Science, Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan, pp. 176-212.
Cappuccio M & Wheeler M (2012) Ground-Level Intelligence: Action-Oriented Representation and the Dynamics of the Background. In: Radman Z (ed.). Knowing without Thinking: Mind, Action, Cognition and the Phenomenon of the Background. New Directions in Philosophy and Cognitive Science, Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan, pp. 13-36.
Wheeler M & Di Paolo E (2011) Existentialism and Cognitive Science. In: Joseph F, Reynolds J, Woodward A (ed.). The Continuum Companion to Existentialism. Bloomsbury Companions, London: Continuum, pp. 241-259.
Cappuccio M & Wheeler M (2010) When the Twain Meet: Could the Study of Mind be a Meeting of Minds?. In: Reynolds J, Chase J, Williams J, Mares E (ed.). Postanalytic and Metacontinental: Crossing Philosophical Divides. Continuum Studies in Philosophy, London: Continuum, pp. 125-144.
Wheeler M (2010) Minds, Things and Materiality. In: Malafouris L, Renfrew C (ed.). The Cognitive Life of Things: Recasting the Boundaries of the Mind. McDonald Institute monographs, Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research Publications, pp. 29-37.
Wheeler M (2010) In Defense of Extended Functionalism. In: Menary R (ed.) The Extended Mind. Life and Mind series: Philosophical Issues in Biology and Psychology. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press, pp. 245-270. http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/extended-mind.
Wheeler M (2009) Evolutionary Models in Psychology. In: Symons J, Calvo P (ed.). The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology. Routledge Philosophy Companions, Abingdon: Taylor & Francis (Routledge), pp. 416-429.
Wheeler M (2008) God’s Machines: Descartes on the Mechanization of Mind. In: Husbands P, Holland O, Wheeler M (ed.). The Mechanical Mind in History. Bradford Books, Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, pp. 307-330.
Wheeler M (2007) Continuity in Question: An afterword to 'Is Language the Ultimate Artefact?'. In: Wallace B, Ross A, Davies JB, Anderson T (ed.). The Mind, the Body and the World: Psychology After Cognitivism?, Exeter: Imprint Academic, pp. 298-306.
Wheeler M (2007) Traits, Genes, and Coding. In: Matthen Mohan, Stephens Christopher, Gabbay Dov M, Thagard Paul, Woods John (ed.). Philosophy of Biology. Handbook of the Philosophy of Science, Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 369-399.
Wheeler M (2007) Is Language the Ultimate Artefact?. In: Wallace Brendan, Ross Alastair, Davies John Booth, Anderson Tony (ed.). The Mind, the Body and the World: Psychology After Cognitivism?, Exeter: Imprint Academic, pp. 269-308.
Wheeler M Breaking the Waves: Beyond Parity and Complementarity in the Arguments for Extended Cognition (Forthcoming). In: Colombo M, Irvine L & Stapleton M (eds.) Andy Clark and his Critics. Oxford: Oxford University Press