I graduated from Charles University in Prague in philosophy and subsequently I obtained PhDr in psychology. I came to the Department of Cambridge as a post-doctoral visitor in 1967, and in 1970 I was appointed at the University of Stirling as a lecturer in social psychology. I am Emeritus Professor at the University of Stirling, Visiting Professor in the Department of Social Psychology at the London School of Economics and Political science (since 2007) and a Research Associate in the Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Sciences at the London School of Economic and Political Sciences (since 2011). I am a Fellow of the British Academy, of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and of the British Psychological Society. In 2012, together with Professor Martin Bauer of the London School of Exonomics and Political Science I initiated a study group on common sense in social sciences. This interdisciplinary and international project focuses on the study of epistemology of common sense in relation to science.