Citation Power KG, Markova I, Rowlands A, McKee KJ, Anslow PJ & Kilfedder CJ (1992) Intravenous drug use and HIV transmission amongst inmates in Scottish prisons. British Journal of Addiction, 87 (1), pp. 35-45. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.1992.tb01898.x
Abstract The intravenous drug use behaviour and HIV risk reduction strategies used by a group of Scottish inmates prior to prison, during imprisonment and as expected afier release was investigated. From a sample of 559 inmates (480 males and 79 females) 27.5% were involved in IVDU prior to imprisonment, 7.7% on at least one occasion during a period of imprisonment and 14.7% expected to do so after release. Prior to imprisonment 17.3% had shared needles, 5.7% at some time during imprisonment and 4.3% expected to do so afier release. Some form of HIV risk reduction strategies were practised by the majority of IVDU inmates prior to imprisonment, during imprisonment and were expected to continue afier release. The most at risk inmates were those who continued to share injecting equipment without reduction and without sterilizing. The reduction in IVDU and needle sharing during imprisonment in comparison to prior to imprisonment was paralleled ky a self-perceived reduction of personal risk from HIV during imprisonment.
Journal British Journal of Addiction: Volume 87, Issue 1
Power, Kevin G; Markova, Ivana; Rowlands, Alison; McKee, Kevin J; Anslow, P J; Kilfedder, Catherine J