Annalisa Savaresi is a renowned expert in environmental law and on the interplay between human rights and environmental law, with 20 years’ experience working with international and nongovernmental organizations. Before embarking on an academic career, she worked with non-governmental organisations and think-tanks, focussing on human rights based approaches to environmental protection. Since turning to academia in 2009, she has contributed to numerous law and policy reports prepared for international organisations and governments. Before joining Stirling in 2016, she obtained her PhD from the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, and held a four-year postdoctoral post at the University of Edinburgh, UK.
Annalisa has given evidence to the UK, the EU and Scottish Parliaments and provided technical advice in the context of the world’s first inquiry into the human rights violations associated with the impacts of fossil fuel corporations emissions– the so called Carbon Majors inquiry carried out by the Philippines Human Rights Commission.
Annalisa's numerous publications on climate change law, emissions from land uses, and rights-based approaches to environmental law and policy have been widely cited. She has been invited to give guest lectures at leading academic institutions all over the world, including the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, Switzerland; Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Italy; the University of La Sabana, Colombia; and as part of the UNEP course on Multilateral Environmental Agreements, at the University of Eastern Finland.
Annalisa is Associate Editor of the Review of European, Comparative and International Law and currently serves as Director for Europe for the Global Network on Human Rights and the Environment. She is member of the IUCN World Commission on Environmental Law and of the Women's Energy and Climate Law Network. Since January 2021, she serves on the Board of Environmental Standards Scotland, the public body tasked to monitor and investigate public authorities’ compliance with environmental law in Scotland after the UK exit from the EU.
Event / Presentation
Talk: Climate Change Litigation at the International Level - Opportunities and Constraints. British Institute for International and Comparative Law
The Glasgow Climate Conference (COP26): What to Expect University of Strathclyde
Evidence: EU Parliament Human Rights Committee and Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs Committee
Annalisa's research focuses on climate change law and policy, forestry and land uses, environmental liability, renewable energy and the interplay between environmental and human rights law. Her work is published in numerous peer-reviewed outlets and has been widely cited, including by the United Nations Environmental Programme and the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues.
Savaresi A (2021) Inter-state Climate Change Litigation: 'Neither a Chimera nor a Panacea'. In: Alogna I, Bakker C & Gauci J (eds.) Climate Change Litigation: Global Perspectives. Leiden: Brill, pp. 366-392. https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004447615_017
Savaresi A (2021) Plugging the enforcement gap: The rise and rise of human rights in climate change litigation. Questions of International Law (QIL-QDI), 77, pp. 1-3. http://www.qil-qdi.org/plugging-the-enforcement-gap-the-rise-and-rise-of-human-rights-in-climate-change-litigation/
Savaresi A & Hartmann J (2020) The Impacts of Climate Change and Human Rights: Some Early Reflections on the Carbon Majors Inquiry. In: Lin J & Kysar DA (eds.) Climate Change Litigation in the Asia Pacific. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://www.cambridge.org/gb/academic/subjects/law/public-international-law/climate-change-litigation-asia-pacific?format=HB&isbn=9781108478465
Velasco Herrejon P & Savaresi A (2020) Wind Energy, Benefit-Sharing and Indigenous Peoples: Lessons from the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Southern Mexico. OGEL: Oil, Gas and Energy Law Journal, 1 (2020). https://www.ogel.org/article.asp?key=3870
Savaresi A (2020) Community Energy and a Just Energy Transition: What We Know, and What We Still Need to Find Out. In: del Guayo I, Godden L, Zillman DD, Montoya MF & Gonzalez JJ (eds.) Energy Justice and Energy Law. Distributive, Procedural, Restorative and Social Justice in Energy Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 67-82. https://global.oup.com/academic/product/energy-justice-and-energy-law-9780198860754?q=Energy%20Justice%20and%20Energy%20Law&lang=en&cc=sa
Savaresi A & Fontanelli F (2020) UK Trade Agreements and Their Impact on Environmental Protection. Scottish Parliament Information Centre. https://digitalpublications.parliament.scot/ResearchBriefings/Report/2020/9/4/Trade-Agreements-and-their-Potential-Impact-on-Environmental-Protection-1
Savaresi A (2020) The use of human rights arguments in climate change litigation and its limitations. In: Ismangil D, van der Schaaf K & van Troost L (eds.) Climate Change, Justice and Human Rights. Changing Perspectives on Human Rights. Amsterdam: Strategic Studies, pp. 49-55. https://www.amnesty.nl/content/uploads/2020/08/Verkenningen2020-climate-change.pdf?x29611
Savaresi A, Perugini L & Chiriaco' MV (2020) Making sense of the LULUCF Regulation: Much ado about nothing?. Review of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law, 29 (2 - Special Issue: Assessing the EU 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework), pp. 212-220. https://doi.org/10.1111/reel.12332
Savaresi A (2020) BLOG: Human Rights Strategies in Climate Change Litigation. What Is It All About?. [GNHRE website] 02.06.2020. https://gnhre.org/2020/06/02/webinar-series-human-rights-strategies-in-climate-change-litigation-what-is-it-all-about/
Savaresi A (2020) WEBINAR SERIES: Human Rights Strategies in Climate Change Litigation. [Blogpost] 02.06.2020. https://gnhre.org/2020/06/02/webinar-series-human-rights-strategies-in-climate-change-litigation-what-is-it-all-about/
Savaresi A (2020) Environmental Governance in Scotland after EU Exit. Scottish Parliament Information Centre. SPICe Briefing, 20-02. https://digitalpublications.parliament.scot/ResearchBriefings/Report/2020/1/9/Environmental-Governance-in-Scotland-after-EU-Exit
Savaresi A (2019) The Paris Agreement and the Future of the Climate Regime: Reflections on an International Law Odyssey. In: Ulrich G & Ziemele I (eds.) How International Law Works in Times of Crisis. European Society of International Law series. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 189-205. https://global.oup.com/academic/product/how-international-law-works-in-times-of-crisis-9780198849667?lang=en&cc=it#
Savaresi A & Perugini L (2019) The Land Sector in the 2030 EU Climate Change Policy Framework: A Look at the Future. Journal for European Environmental and Planning Law, 16 (2), pp. 148-164. https://doi.org/10.1163/18760104-01602004
Savaresi A (2019) Human Rights and Climate Change. In: Honkonen T & Romppanen S (eds.) International Environmental Law-making and Diplomacy Review 2018. UNEP Course Series, 18. Joensuu, Finland: Law School of University of Eastern Finland, pp. 31-46. https://www3.uef.fi/documents/241889/1866768/Review+2018+final+HR+and+Env.pdf/0742c83d-a95a-4c3d-946e-de6f7ddeb58d
Savaresi A (2019) Environmental governance and EU Exit: the state of play. SPICe Spotlight [Blog post] 04.11.2019. https://spice-spotlight.scot/2019/11/04/guest-blog-environmental-governance-and-eu-exit-the-state-of-play/amp/
Savaresi A & Gemmel C (2019) Cleaner Air for Scotland Strategy – An Independent Review. Scottish Government. Edinburgh. https://www.gov.scot/binaries/content/documents/govscot/publications/publication/2019/08/cleaner-air-scotland-strategy-independent-review/documents/cleaner-air-scotland-strategy-independent-review/cleaner-air-scotland-strategy-independent-review/govscot:document/cleaner-air-scotland-strategy-independent-review.pdf
Savaresi A (2019) Human Rights Responsibility for the Impacts of Climate Change: Revisiting The Assumptions. Workshop on Climate Justice in the Anthropocene, International Institute for the Sociology of Law, Onati, Spain, 02.05.2019-03.05.2019.
Savaresi A (2019) The Impacts of Climate Change and Human Rights – Reflections on the Carbon Majors Inquiry. Carbon Majors Inquiry: Crossing Human Rights and Jurisdiction, University of Kobe, 13.02.2019-13.02.2019. http://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/9281c8_4bd574f2c0a04d9b995bc08ed5a599bf.pdf
Savaresi A (2019) Delivering REDD+: The Role of Safeguards. The History of REDD+: How Far Have We Reached?, University of Tokyo, 05.02.2019-06.02.2019. http://redd.ffpri.affrc.go.jp/events/seminars/2019/20190206_en.html?fbclid=IwAR1cIeVNlJ0yc9mntHgld8qGBvfXnsLFAP9qRuPeK-Fp5ZWC05k9HyVgUgc
Savaresi A (2018) Climate change and human rights: fragmentation, interplay and institutional linkages. In: Duyck S S, Jodoin S & Johl A (eds.) Routledge Handbook of Human Rights and Climate Governance. Routledge International Handbooks. London: Routledge, pp. 31-42. https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-of-Human-Rights-and-Climate-Governance/Duyck-Jodoin-Johl/p/book/9781138232457
Duyck S, Lennon E, Obergassel W & Savaresi A (2018) Human Rights and the Paris Agreement's Implementation Guidelines: Opportunities to Develop a Rights-based Approach. Carbon and Climate Law Review, 12 (3), pp. 191-202. https://doi.org/10.21552/cclr/2018/3/5
Savaresi A, Setzer J & Byrnes R (2018) Shining the spotlight on human rights at COP24 and beyond. [London School of Economics Blog] 05.12.2018. http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/news/shining-the-spotlight-on-human-rights-at-cop24-and-beyond/
Savaresi A & Bouwer K (2018) Equity and justice in climate change law and policy: a role for benefit-sharing. In: Jafry T (ed.) Routledge Handbook of Climate Justice. Routledge International Handbooks. London: Routledge, pp. 128-138. https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-of-Climate-Justice/Jafry/p/book/9781138689350
Savaresi A (2018) The Impacts of Climate Change and Human Rights: Some Early Reflections on the Carbon Majors Inquiry,. Human Rights and Climate Change, London School of Economics (LSE), 08.11.2018-08.11.2018. http://www.lse.ac.uk/Events/2018/11/20181108t1830vHKT/Human-Rights-and-Climate-Change
Savaresi A, Hartmann J & Cismas I (2018) The Impacts of Climate Change and Human Rights: Some Early Reflections on the Carbon Majors Inquiry. Social Science Research Network. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3277568
Savaresi A & Setzer J (2018) The Carbon Majors inquiry comes to London. [London School of Economics Blog] 30.10.2018. http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/news/the-carbon-majors-inquiry-comes-to-london/
Savaresi A (2018) Climate Change Law - review. Review of: Climate Change Law, Daniel A. Farber and Marjan Peeters (eds.), Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2016. Carbon and Climate Law Review, 12 (2), p. 165. 166. https://doi.org/10.21552/cclr/2018/2/12
Austin L, Cardesa Salzmann A, Gemmell C, Hughes J, Savaresi A & Reid C (2018) Report by the Roundtable on Environment and Climate Change on Environmental Governance in Scotland on the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. Scottish Government. Scotland. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2018/06/2221
Savaresi A & Little GM (2018) Written evidence from Dr Annalisa Savaresi and Professor Gavin MacLeod Little to the Environment, Climate Change and Land Reform Committee of the Scottish Parliament hearing of 1 May 2018. Scottish Parliament. Edinburgh. http://www.parliament.scot/S5_Environment/Inquiries/012_Little_and_Savaresi_EEAW.pdf
Boyle A, Hartmann J & Savaresi A (2018) The United Nations Security Council's Legislative and Enforcement Powers and Climate Change. In: Scott S & Ku C (eds.) Climate Change and the UN Security Council. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 101-130. https://www.e-elgar.com/shop/climate-change-and-the-un-security-council
Lennon E, Muffett C, Duyck S, Feit S, Hamilton L, Marjanac S, Doherty K, Gleason J, Perry K, Brown E, Noonan D, Crosland T, Burger M, Wentz J, Savaresi A, Cismas I, Hansen JE, Galpern D & Trenberth KE (2018) Joint Summary of the Amicus Curiae Briefs to the Philippines Commission on Human Rights. Philippines Human Rights Commission. Quezon City, Philippines. https://www.ciel.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Joint-Summary-Amicus-submitted.pdf
Savaresi A, Cismas I & Hartmann J (2018) The Philippines holds world's biggest corporations to account on climate change. The Independent. 08.03.2018. https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/philippines-climate-change-worlds-biggest-corporations-responsibility-global-warming-carbon-majors-a8241851.html
Savaresi A, Cismas I & Hartmann J (2018) Why the world is looking to the Philippines for climate justice. The Conversation. 22.02.2018. https://theconversation.com/why-the-world-is-looking-to-the-philippines-for-climate-justice-91792
Savaresi A (2017) Sharing the Costs and Benefits of Energy and Resource Activity: Legal Change and Impact on Communities. Review of: ed. by Lila Barrera-Hernández, Barry Barton, Lee Godden, Alastair Lucas, and Anita Rønne, London: Oxford University Press, 2016, 480 pp. ISBN: 9780198767954. International Energy Law Review, (5), pp. 198-200.
Savaresi A (2017) Environmental Impact Assessment after the International Court of Justice decision in Costa Rica-Nicaragua and Nicaragua-Costa Rica: Looking backward, looking forward (Introduction). Questions of International Law (QIL-QDI), (42), pp. 1-3. http://www.qil-qdi.org/environmental-impact-assessment-international-court-justice-decision-costa-rica-nicaragua-nicaragua-costa-rica-looking-backward-looking-forward/
Savaresi A, Cismas I & Hartmann J (2017) The Philippines Human Rights Commission and the 'Carbon Majors' Petition. EJIL: Talk!, 22.12.2017. https://www.ejiltalk.org/the-philippines-human-rights-commission-and-the-carbon-majors-petition/
Savaresi A (2017) Participatory Justice and the Energy Transition: Lessons from Community Renewables. Innovation in Climate Governance Project Workshop ‘Deconstructing Participatory Climate Governance: Innovation or Business as Usual?’, Bordeaux, France, 25.10.2017-27.10.2017.
Savaresi A (2017) Sharing the Burdens and Benefits of the Energy Transition: Lessons from Community Renewables. Earth System Governance Project Conference ‘Allocation & Access in a Warming and Increasingly Unequal World’, Lund University, Sweden, 10.10.2017-12.10.2017.
Savaresi A (2017) Justice and the Energy Transition: Lessons from Community Renewables for the Global South. Low Carbon Energy for Development Network Conference, University of Durham, 12.09.2017-12.09.2017.
Savaresi A, Cismas I & Hartmann J (2017) Amicus Brief - Human Rights and Climate Change. Asia Pacific Forum of National Human Rights Institutions. http://www.asiapacificforum.net/resources/amicus-brief-human-rights-and-climate-change/
Savaresi A (2017) Forest Biodiversity. In: Morgera E & Razzaque J (eds.) Biodiversity and Nature Protection Law. Elgar Encyclopedia of Environmental Law series, 3. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 203-214. http://www.e-elgar.com/shop/biodiversity-and-nature-protection-law; https://doi.org/10.4337/9781783474257.III.14
Savaresi A (2017) Sharing the Burdens and Benefits of the Energy Transition: Lessons from Community Renewables. 5th Annual Energy Transition Conference, University of Eastern Finland Law School, 08.03.2017-10.03.2017.
Savaresi A (2017) The Paris Agreement: Reflections on an International Law Odyssey. In: Binder C, d’Argent P & Pazartzis P (eds.) 12th Annual ESIL Conference - Riga, 8-10 September 2016: 'How International Law Works in Times of Crisis?'. ESIL Conference Paper Series, 13. 2016 ESIL Annual Conference, Riga, Latvia, 08.09.2016-10.09.2016. Florence, Italy: ESIL, p. 14/2016. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2912001
Savaresi A (2016) Climate Change, Justice and Human Rights: Where to Next?. Review of: Climate Justice and Disaster Law, by Rosemary Lyster and Climate Change and Human Rights: An International and Comparative Law Perspective, ed by Ottavio Quirico and Mouloud Boumghar. Carbon and Climate Law Review, 10 (4), pp. 226-230. https://doi.org/10.21552/cclr/2016/4/12
Tacconi L, Cerutti PO, Leipold S, Rodrigues RJ, Savaresi A, To PX & Weng X (2016) Defining Illegal Forest Activities and Illegal Logging. Kleinschmit D (Editor), Mansourian S (Editor), Wildburger C (Editor) & Purret A (Editor) International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) IUFRO World Series, 35. Austria: International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO). http://www.iufro.org/publications/article/2016/12/03/world-series-vol-35-illegal-logging-and-related-timber-trade-dimensions-drivers-impacts-and/
(2016) The implications of Brexit for environmental law in Scotland. Cardesa-Salzmann A (Editor) & Savaresi A (Editor) Scottish Universities Legal Network on Europe (SULNE). Scottish Universities Legal Network on Europe (SULNE). https://sulne.files.wordpress.com/2016/12/environment-paper-sulne-20161214.pdf
Savaresi A (2016) Beyond Brexit: After Brexit, where will responsibility over environmental safeguards lie. The Herald Scotland. 21.11.2016. http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/14917429.Beyond_Brexit__After_Brexit__where_will_responsibility_over_environmental_safeguards_lie_/
Savaresi A (2016) Beyond Brexit: After Brexit, where will responsibility over environmental safeguards lie. The Herald. 21.11.2016. https://www.heraldscotland.com/news/14917429.Beyond_Brexit__After_Brexit__where_will_responsibility_over_environmental_safeguards_lie_/
Boyle A, Hartmann J & Savaresi A (2016) The United Nations Security Council's Legislative and Enforcement Powers and Climate Change. Scottish Centre for International Law Working Paper Series, 14. https://ssrn.com/abstract=2856955
Savaresi A & Chiarolla C (2016) Indigenous Challenges under IPBES: Embracing Indigenous Knowledge and Beyond. In: Hrabanski M & Pesche D (eds.) The Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service (IPBES): Meeting the challenge of biodiversity conservation and governance. London: Routledge, pp. 190-210. https://www.routledge.com/The-Intergovernmental-Platform-on-Biodiversity-and-Ecosystem-Services-IPBES/Hrabanski-Pesche/p/book/9781138121256
Savaresi A (2016) The Paris Agreement: Reflections on an International Law-making Odyssey. European Society of International Law 12th Annual Conference, Riga, 08.09.2016-10.09.2016. http://esil.rgsl.lv/en/
Savaresi A (2016) A Glimpse into the Future of the Climate Regime: Lessons from the REDD+ Architecture. Review of European Community and International Environmental Law, 25 (2), pp. 186-196. https://doi.org/10.1111/reel.12164
Savaresi A (2016) Doing the Right Thing with Traditional Knowledge in International Law: Lessons for the Climate Regime. BENELEX Working Paper, 8. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2780332; https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2780332
Savaresi A (2016) The Legal Status and Role of REDD-Plus Safeguards. In: Voigt C (ed.) Research Handbook on REDD+ and International Law. Research Handbooks in Climate Law series. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd, pp. 126-156. http://www.e-elgar.com/shop/research-handbook-on-redd-plus-and-international-law; https://doi.org/10.4337/9781783478316.00018
Savaresi A & Sindico F (2016) The role of law in a bottom-up international climate governance architecture: early reflections on the Paris Agreement. Questions of International Law, 24.03.2016. http://www.qil-qdi.org/role-law-bottom-international-climate-governance-architecture-early-reflections-paris-agreement/
Savaresi A (2015) UN Climate Change Negotiations: Last Tango in Paris?. EJIL: Talk! Blog of the European Journal of International Law, 10.11.2015. http://www.ejiltalk.org/un-climate-change-negotiations-last-tango-in-paris/
Savaresi A (2015) Natural Resource Grabbing: The Case of Tropical Forests and REDD+. In: Jacur F, Bonfanti A & Seatzu F (eds.) Natural resources grabbing : An International Law Perspective. Legal Studies on Access and Benefit-sharing, 4. Leiden: Brill, pp. 159-180. http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/books/b9789004305663s010
Savaresi A & Hartmann J (2015) Human Rights in the 2015 Agreement. Legal Response Initiative Briefing Paper, 2/15. London: Legal Response Initiative. http://legalresponseinitiative.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/LRI_human-rights_2015-Agreement.pdf
Savaresi A (2015) Traditional Knowledge in the New Climate Agreement. BENELEX Project Blog, 07.04.2015. http://www.benelexblog.law.ed.ac.uk/2015/04/07/traditional-knowledge-in-the-new-climate-agreement/
Savaresi A (2015) Unpacking the Debate on Climate Justice and Equity (Part II): REDD+. BENELEX Project Blog, 03.02.2015. http://www.benelexblog.law.ed.ac.uk/2015/02/03/unpacking-the-debate-on-climate-justice-and-equity-part-ii-redd/
Savaresi A (2014) The Emergence of Benefit-sharing Under the Climate Regime. A Preliminary Exploration and Research Agenda. Edinburgh School of Law Research Paper Series, 2014/43. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2524335; https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2524335
Savaresi A (2014) EU and US Non-State Actors and Climate Governance. In: Bakker C & Francioni F (eds.) The EU, the US and Global Climate Governance. London: Routledge, pp. 211-224. https://www.routledge.com/The-EU-the-US-and-Global-Climate-Governance/Bakker-Francioni/p/book/9781472426529
Savaresi A (2014) EU Climate Policy: The Journey Thus Far. Review of: EU Climate Policy. Industry, Policy Interaction and External Environment, by Elin Lerum Boasson and Jørgen Wettestad, Farnham: Ashgate, 2013. 223pp. ISBN 9781409403555Climate Law in EU Member States. Towards National Legislation for Climate Protection, edited by Marjan Peeters, Mark Stallworthy and Javier de Cendra de Larragán, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2012, 377pp ISBN 978 1 78100 277 3. Carbon and Climate Law Review, 8 (4), pp. 298-302. http://cclr.lexxion.eu/article/CCLR/2014/4/12
Savaresi A (2014) Unpacking the Debate on Climate Justice and Equity (Part I). BENELEX Project Blog, 11.12.2014. http://www.benelexblog.law.ed.ac.uk/2014/12/11/unpacking-the-debate-on-climate-justice-and-equity-part-i/#comment-16
Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, Training Course on Human Rights and the Environment: Climate Change and Human Rights. Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights
Visiting Professor in International Environmental Law University of La Sabana