I came to Stirling from the University of York, where I completed my DPhil on John Wyclif under the supervision of Prof. Alastair Minnis. My main research interests lie in the Latin writings of John Wyclif, especially as they pertain to biblical exegesis and theology, and in scholastic theological writing more generally. I have recently developed an interest in medieval sacramental theology and its patristic foundations. I also work on Latin and vernacular literary texts more broadly (especially the literature of Chaucer and his contemporaries). I am currently working on a monograph on Wyclif's hermeneutic theory, and have recently translated a representative selection of his Latin works for Manchester University Press, which appeared this autumn (2019). This is the first collection of its kind, and the majority of texts included within it have not previously been translated into English. Find out about it here: https://manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/9780719067648/.
At Stirling I teach mainly in the areas of Old and Middle English language and literature, and linguistics (especially historical linguistics and the history of the English language). I also teach Latin to postgraduate students.
I would be interested in supervising doctoral research relating to Chaucer and his contemporaries; John Wyclif; Late-medieval Latin and vernacular theological texts; medieval literary and linguistic theory (grammatica and European grammatical texts, Latin and vernacular prologues, commentaries, educational and theological treatises, etc.)
Research interests in medieval English and European literature; scholastic literary theory; medieval sacramental theology; Latin writings of John Wyclif and his contemporaries.
Penn S (2018) Matrimonium quid proprie sit: John Wyclif on Marriage, Consent and Consummation. In: Blazek P (ed.) Sacramentum Magnum. Die Ehe in der mittelalterlichen Theologie. Le Marriage dans la théologie médiévale. Marriage in medieval theology. Archa verbi. Subsidia, 15. Munster: Aschendorff Verlag, pp. 399-411. https://www.aschendorff-buchverlag.de/detailview?no=10225
Penn S (2015) The Bible and Biblical Exegesis. In: Handbook of Medieval Culture: Fundamental Aspects and Conditions of the European Middle Ages Volume 1. Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter, pp. 134-148. https://www.degruyter.com/
Penn S (2010) Philosophy in Medieval Studies. In: Classen A (ed.) Handbook of Medieval Studies: Terms - Methods - Trends. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, pp. 1090-1110. http://www.degruyter.com/view/product/40828
Penn S (2006) Wyclif and the Sacraments. In: Levy I (ed.) A Companion to John Wyclif: Late Medieval Theologian. Brill's Companions to the Christian Tradition, 4. Leiden: Brill, pp. 241-291. http://www.brill.com/companion-john-wyclif
Penn S (2005) Literacy and Literary Production. In: Ellis S (ed.) Chaucer: An Oxford Guide. Oxford Guides. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 113-129. http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199259120.do
Penn S (2004) Literary History, Critical History, and the Question of “Medieval” Theory. In: Smallwood P (ed.) Critical Pasts: Writing Criticism, Writing History. Aperçus. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, pp. 13-36. http://www.bucknell.edu/script/upress/book.asp?id=1
Penn S (2004) Latin Verse. In: Murdoch B (ed.) German Literature of the Early Middle Ages. The Camden House History of German Literature, 2. London: Camden House, pp. 87-118. https://www.boydellandbrewer.com/store/viewItem.asp?idProduct=7558
Penn S (1997) Literary Nominalism and Medieval Sign Theory: Problems and Perspectives. In: Keiper H, Bode C & Utz R (eds.) Nominalism and Literary Discourse: New Perspectives. Critical Studies, 10. Amsterdam: Rodopi, pp. 157-189. http://www.rodopi.nl/senj.asp?BookId=CRIT+10