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Article

Luminance-polarity distribution across the symmetry axis affects the electrophysiological response to symmetry

Citation
Wright D, Mitchell C, Dering B & Gheorghiu E (2018) Luminance-polarity distribution across the symmetry axis affects the electrophysiological response to symmetry. NeuroImage, 173, pp. 484-497. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.02.008

Abstract
Electrophysiological studies of symmetry have found a difference wave termed the Sustained Posterior Negativity (SPN) related to the presence of symmetry. Yet the extent to which the SPN is modulated by luminance-polarity and colour content is unknown. Here we examine how luminance-polarity distribution across the symmetry axis, grouping by luminance polarity, and the number of colours in the stimuli, modulate the SPN. Stimuli were dot patterns arranged either symmetrically or quasi-randomly. There were several arrangements: ’segregated’-symmetric dots were of one polarity and random dots of the other; ‘unsegregated’-symmetric dots were of both polarities in equal proportions; ‘anti-symmetric’-dots were of opposite polarity across the symmetry axis; ‘polarity-grouped anti-symmetric’-as anti-symmetric but with half the pattern of one polarity and the other opposite; multi-colour symmetric patterns made of either two, three and four colours. We found that the SPN is: reduced by the amount of position-symmetry, sensitive to luminance-polarity mismatch across the symmetry axis and not modulated by the number of colours in the stimuli. Our results show that the sustained nature of the SPN coincides with the late onset of a topographic microstate sensitive to symmetry. These findings emphasise the importance of not only position symmetry, but also luminance polarity matching across the symmetry axis.

Keywords
Luminance-polarity; colour; symmetry; EEG; ERP; Sustained Posterior Negativity; microstates

Journal
NeuroImage: Volume 173

StatusPublished
Author(s)Wright, Damien; Mitchell, Claire; Dering, Benjamin; Gheorghiu, Elena
FundersThe Leverhulme Trust and The Wellcome Trust
Publication date30/06/2018
Publication date online08/02/2018
Date accepted by journal05/02/2018
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/26733
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1053-8119
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