I have a wide range of Scottish historical interests having taken my MA in Scottish History at the University of St Andrews (1995) followed by a PhD (1999) there on one of the major historiographical gaps in medieval Scottish history, the reign of David II (1329-71), son of Robert the Bruce. This work was heavily influenced by the detailed political studies-in-the round of Dr Norman Macdougall and other St Andrews historians. However, in the course of this research my interests have branched out and I have become particularly fascinated by the topic of medieval lay piety in Scotland, especially the patterns of worship of late medieval Scottish kings and their subjects. This has drawn me in turn to themes such as saints' cults and images, liturgy, pilgrimage, monastic identity and cartulary records, and commemoration. I have tried to explore many of these topics for Scottish history by making direct comparisons with contemporary England, Ireland and continental Europe (helping me ‘fill-in-the-gaps' by analogy in the often patchy Scottish evidence): this is an approach I hope to encourage in my postgraduate students. But I have also returned to a number of my earlier historical loves: national identity and the (de-)construction of iconic reputations, late 18th/early 19th century civic society, and above all the Great War, the latter first inspired by a visit to the battlefields while in High School and a 14th birthday gift of the Illustrated Press History of the Great War (13 volumes, £20 from Oxfam, with school certificates from someone named Haig from the 1920s left inside!). Finally, I am also a member of a number of academy bodies, including the Scottish Medievalists and the Scottish History Society, as well as a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society.
Saltire Society Prize, History Book of the Year, 2005 for 'David II. 1329-71' (Tuckwell Press, 2004).
National Trust for Scotland Bannockburn Academic Advisory Board Advisory Panel of academics/professionals re representation of Bannockburn Battlefield Heritage Site 2011-.
Teachers' Lectures Series Semester course of lectures re elements of new curriculum for excellence, e.g. Scottish Wars of Independence 1286-1329, taught 2011 to 15 teachers/heritage practitioners.
Divisional / Faculty Contribution
Director/Mentor of Research (History and Politics) Since 2003 I have served across eight academic sessions (excluding research leave), forHistory (to 2010) and then History and Politics), co-ordintaing and authoring RAE/REF statements, compiling research activity data, benchmarking, mentoring colleagues and RPGs' grant applications and project development, representing my division at Scholl and occasionally University Research Committee level.
Deputy Head (History/History & Politics) I acted as Deputy Head for History in 2088, 2009, 2010; then Deputy for History & Politics 2011-14.
1995 First Class MA Honours (Distinction) in Scottish History - Miller Prize for the Best Honours Graduate in the Faculty of Arts, University of St Andrews.
1995-1999 Ph.D., University of St Andrews, funded by a Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland Scholarship: 'The Kingship of David II of Scotland, 1329-71' [Approx. 160,000 words].
Event / Presentation
Organisor/host at University of Stirling, 13-14 August 2011.. CONFERENCE - Monuments and Monumentality in Medieval and Early Modern Europe
Co-organisor/host with Dr James Smyth, University of Stirling, 28 June 2003.. CONFERENCE - Reputations in Scottish History
Co-organisor/host with Dr Frederique Lachaud (Sorbonne) at Institute of Historical Research, London, 6-8 April 2006.. CONFERENCE - Making and Breaking the Rules: Succession in Medieval and Early Modern Europe, c.1000-c.1650
Co-organisor/host with Dr Andy King, University of Durham, 1-2 September 2004. CONFERENCE - New Perspectives on Anglo-Scottish Relations in the Long Fourteenth Century
Co-organiser/author of exhibition with Dr James Smyth, SNPG and IPSOS MORE poll data commissioned by Reputations in Scottish History project.. Great Scot! En Exhibition of Scottish Reputations, Scottish National Portrait Gallery, Spring 2006.
Conference Organiser/Host at Stirling, 23 March 2002. CONFERENCE - The Thistle and the Rose, 1502-13
Co-author with James Smyth, Sarah Bromage, Kirsty McAlister, Jane Cameron, part of Lest Scotland Forgets project.. A Stirling 100. Exhibition of the fallen of the Great War, University of Stirling Nov. 2012-Feb 2013.
Other Academic Activities
Secretary, Scottish History Society
Board Member, Centre for Scottish Studies (Director 2010-12)
Fellow of the Royal Historical Society 2011-
Supervision of Research Assistants
SangDong Lee, PhD, The Development of Dunfermline as a Cult Centre, c.1070-c.1406
Lucinda Dean, PhD, Representations of Authority in Medieval and Early Modern Scotland (AHRC)
Amy Hayes, M. Res, Margaret of Denmark, queen of Scotland (d.1486)
Samuel Muir Shaw, M.Res, The Earls of Dunbar c.1283-c.1368
Nicola Scott, M. Phil & PhD, The Court and Household of James I of Scotland, 1424-37 (AHRB/C)
Lisa Shaw, M.Res, The Cult of Chivalry in Fourteenth century Scotland
Amanda Beam, M. Phil & PhD, The Balliol Dynasty, c.1210-c.1364
My main project at the moment is a (prequel) study of the reign of Robert I (1306-29) for Yale UP, a book which will aim to focus much more upon the last fifteen years of Bruce's reign (after the battle of Bannockburn) and reposition such key themes as wider European political change, religion and the environment as factors in re-analysing his kingship and his relations with the Scottish ‘community of the realm'. I am organising a 2011 conference with Stirling colleague Richard Oram on ‘Monuments and Monumentality in Medieval and Early Modern Europe': my own contribution to this event will focus on my investigation of the development of Dunfermline Abbey as a Scottish royal mausoleum. I am also collaborating for a second time with Dr Frederique Lachaud (of Montpellier University) in organising a comparative European medieval conference on the theme of ‘Absentee Power'.Beyond the medieval period, I am collaborating with Stirling colleagues on Lest Scotland Forgets: recording Scotland's Great War Memorials: here my own particular curiosity lies in exploring the many different ways - beyond conventional stone monuments with name plaques - in which communities commemorated their war dead.Finally, I am also engaged with colleagues in creating a range of support materials and workshops/degree units for High School Teachers developing their skills and knowledge in History and Modern Studies for the new Curriculum for Excellence.
Penman M (2018) Bruce Almighty: the man, the myth and the legend of King Robert. n/a. 09.09.2018. https://www.thenational.scot/news/16735519.bruce-almighty-the-man-the-myth-and-the-legend-of-king-robert/
Penman M (2018) "The king wishes and commands"? Reassessing political assembly in Scotland, c.1286-1329. In: Damen M, Haemers J & Mann A (eds.) Political Representation: Communities, Ideas and Institutions in Europe (C. 1200 - C. 1690). Later Medieval Europe, 15. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill Academic Publishers, pp. 123-141. https://brill.com/view/title/34694
Penman MA (2017) The shape of the state in medieval Scotland, 1124-1290 (Book Review). Review of: The shape of the state in medieval Scotland, 1124–1290, by Alice Taylor, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016, 525 pp. ISBN 978-0-1987-4920-2. Parliaments, Estates and Representation, 37 (3), pp. 339-340. https://doi.org/10.1080/02606755.2017.1338848
Penman MA & Lachaud F (2017) Introduction: Absentee Authority across Medieval Europe. In: Lachaud F & Penman M (eds.) Absentee Authority Across Medieval Europe. Woodbridge, England: Boydell and Brewer, pp. 1-20. https://boydellandbrewer.com/absentee-authority-across-medieval-europe-hb.html
Reid N & Penman MA (2017) Guardian – Lieutenant – Governor: Absentee Monarchy and Proxy Power in Scotland’s Long Fourteenth Century. In: Lachaud F & Penman M (eds.) Absentee Authority Across Medieval Europe. Woodbridge, England: Boydell and Brewer, pp. 191-218. https://boydellandbrewer.com/absentee-authority-across-medieval-europe-hb.html
Penman MA (2017) Barbour's Bruce and Its Cultural Context: Politics, Chivalry and Literature in Late Medieval Scotland (Book Review). Review of: Barbour’s Bruce and Its Cultural Context: Politics, Chivalry and Literature in Late Medieval Scotland, edited by S Boardman and S Foran. DS Brewer: Cambridge, 2015, Pp. xi, 244 pp. ISBN 9781843843573. American Historical Review, 122 (3), pp. 913-915. https://doi.org/10.1093/ahr/122.3.913
Turpie T (2016) Scottish and British? The Scottish church, Richard III and the cult of St Ninian in late medieval Scotland and Northern England’. In: Penman M, Buchanan K & Dean L (eds.) Medieval and Early Modern Representations of Authority in Scotland and The British Isles. Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 124-140.
Penman MA (2016) Who is this King of Glory? Robert I of Scotland (1306-29), Holy Week and the consecration of St Andrews Cathedral. In: Buchanan K, Dean L L & Penman M (eds.) Medieval and Early Modern Representations of Authority in Scotland and the British Isles. London: Routledge, pp. 85-104. https://www.routledge.com/products/9781472424488
Penman MA (2016) Bannockburn and popular politics: commemorating the battle, c.1814-c.1914. In: Penman M (ed.) Bannockburn, 1314-2014: Battle and Legacy. Donington: Shaun Tyas, pp. 164-186. http://www.oxbowbooks.com/oxbow/bannockburn-1314-2014-battle-and-legacy.html
Penman MA (2015) The Lion Captive: Scottish Royals as Prisoners of England, c.1070-c.1424. Quaestiones Medii Aevi Novae, 20 (1), pp. 413-434. http://www.ihuw.pl/sites/ihuw.pl/files/page-attachments/instytut/dzialalnosc/czasopisma/20_2015.pdf
Penman MA (2014) The MacDonald Lordship and the Bruce Dynasty, c.1306-c.1371. In: Oram R (ed.) The Lordship of the Isles. The Northern World, 68. Leiden: Brill, pp. 62-87. http://www.brill.com/products/book/lordship-isles
Penman MA (2014) The resonance of Scottish History and Heritage in current Referendum discourse. CARMEN Annual Meeting 2014, Stirling, Scotland, 12.09.2014-13.09.2014. http://www.carmen-medieval.net/cz/carmen-annual-meeting-%E2%80%93-stirling-scotland-12-13-september-2014-a-report-1404041589.html
Penman MA (2014) Robert the Bruce: King of the Scots. London and New Haven: Yale University Press. http://yalebooks.co.uk/display.asp?K=9780300148725; https://doi.org/10.12987/yale/9780300148725.001.0001
Penman MA (2014) Robert the Bruce - the piety of the victor of Bannockburn. History Scotland, Online. https://www.celebrate-scotland.co.uk/articles/expert-history-articles/robert-the-bruce-the-piety-of-the-victor-of-bannockburn
Penman MA (2013) “Sacred Food for the Soul”: In Search of the Devotions to Saints of Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, 1306–1329. Speculum, 84 (4), pp. 1-28. http://journals.cambridge.org.ezproxy.stir.ac.uk/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9035963&fulltextType=RA&fileId=S0038713413002182; https://doi.org/10.1017/S0038713413002182
Penman MA (2013) A Programme for Royal Tombs in Scotland? A Review of the Evidence, c.1093-c.1542. In: Penman M (ed.) Monuments and Monumentality across Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Donington, UK: Shaun Tyas, pp. 239-253.
Penman MA (2013) Introduction: Monuments and Monumentality across Medieval and Early Modern Europe. In: Penman M (ed.) Monuments and Monumentality across Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Donington: Shaun Tyas.
Penman MA (2013) The Firth of Forth: An Environmental History (Book Review). Review of: The Firth of Forth - An Environmental History, by T.C. Smout and M. Stewart (Glasgow: Birlinn, 2012, 240pp, ISBN 9781780270647). Reviews in History, Review number: 1425. http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1425
Penman MA (2012) The Economics of Faith: Approaches to Monastic Saints' Cults in Medieval Scotland. In: Ammannati F (ed.) Religione e istituzioni religiose nell'economia europea. 1000-1800 - Religion and Religious Institutions in the European Economy. 1000-1800. Atti della "Quarantatreesima Settimana di Studi" 8-12 maggio 2011. Pubblicazioni., Serie II,, Atti delle "settimane di studio" e altri convegni., 42. Religione e istituzioni religiose nell'economia europea. 1000-1800 - Religion and Religious Institutions in the European Economy. 1000-1800, 08.05.2011-11.05.2011. Firenze, Italy: Firenze University Press, pp. 765-777. http://www.fupress.com/eng/scheda.asp?IDV=2216
Penman MA (2012) The Cult of Saints and the Virgin Mary in Medieval Scotland (Book Review). Review of: The Cult of Saints and the Virgin Mary in Medieval Scotland, edited by Steve Boardman and Eila Williamson, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer Ltd, 2010, pp. 226. ISBN:9781843835622. English Historical Review, CXXVII (526), pp. 685-687. http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXVII/526.toc; https://doi.org/10.1093/ehr/ces101
Penman MA (2012) Liberties and Identities in the Medieval British Isles (Book Review). Review of: Liberties and Identities in the Medieval British Isles, edited by Michael Prestwich, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer Ltd, 2008, pp. 236. ISBN: 9781843833741. Scottish Historical Review, 91, pp. 167-168. http://www.euppublishing.com/loi/shr; https://doi.org/10.3366/shr.2012.0081
Penman MA (2009) Robert Bruce's Bones: Reputations, Politics and Identities in Nineteenth-Century Scotland. International Review of Scottish Studies, 34, pp. 7-73. http://gir.uoguelph.ca/index.php/irss/issue/view/94
Penman MA (2009) Royal Piety in Thirteenth-Century Scotland: the Religion and Religiosity of Alexander II (1214-49) and Alexander III (1249-86). In: Burton J, Schofield P & Weiler B (eds.) Thirteenth Century England XII: Proceedings of the Gregynog Conference, 2007. Thirteenth Century England: Proceedings of the Gregynog Conference 2007, Volume 12. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell & Brewer, pp. 13-30. http://www.boydell.co.uk/43834472.HTM
Penman MA & Lachaud F (2008) Making and Breaking the Rules: Succession in Medieval Europe, c.1000-c.1600 (Introduction) [Établir et abolir les normes: la succession dans l’Europe médiévale, vers 1000-vers 1600]. In: Penman MA & Lachaud F (eds.) Making and breaking the rules: succession in medieval Europe, c. 1000-c.1600. Établir et abolir les normes: la succession dans l’Europe médiévale, vers 1000-vers 1600, Proceedings of the colloquium held on 6-7-8 April 2006. Actes de la conférence tenue les 6, 7 et 8 avril 2006, Institute of Historical Research (University of London), Histoires de Famille: La Parente au Moyen Age (HIFA 9). Histoires de famille. La parenté au Moyen Age (HIFA 9). Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 1-9. http://www.brepols.net/Pages/ShowProduct.aspx?prod_id=IS-9782503527437-1
Penman MA (2008) Diffinicione successionis ad regnum Scottorum: royal succession in Scotland in the later middle ages. In: Lachaud F & Penman MA (eds.) Making and breaking the rules: succession in medieval Europe, c. 1000-c.1600. Établir et abolir les normes: la succession dans l'Europe médiévale, vers 1000-vers 1600, Proceedings of the colloquium held on 6-7-8 April 2006. Actes de la conférence tenue les 6, 7 et 8 avril 2006, Institute of Historical Research (University of London). Histoires de famille. La parenté au Moyen Age HIFA, 9. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 43-59. http://www.brepols.net/Pages/ShowProduct.aspx?prod_id=IS-9782503527437-1
Penman MA (2008) David II (1329-1371). In: Brown M & Tanner R (eds.) Scottish Kingship 1306-1542: Essays in Honour of Norman Macdougall. Edinburgh: John Donald, pp. 49-71. http://john-donald.birlinn.co.uk/book/details/Scottish-Kingship--1306---1542-9781904607823/
Penman MA (2008) Robert I (1306-1329). In: Brown M & Tanner R (eds.) Scottish Kingship 1306-1542: Essays in Honour of Norman Macdougall. Edinburgh: John Donald, pp. 20-48. http://www.euppublishing.com/doi/abs/10.3366/shr.2011.0008
Penman MA (2008) Chivalry and Knighthood in Scotland, 1424-1513 (Book Review). Review of: Chivalry and Knighthood in Scotland, 1424–1513. By Katie Stevenson. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press. 2006. Pp. xii, 228. ISBN: 1843831929.. Scottish Historical Review, 87 (2), pp. 336-338. https://doi.org/10.3366/E0036924108000218
Penman MA (2007) Anglici caudati: abuse of the English in Fourteenth-Century Scottish Chronicles, Literature and Records. In: King A & Penman MA (eds.) England and Scotland in the Fourteenth Century: New Perspectives. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, Boydell & Brewer, pp. 216-235. http://www.boydell.co.uk/43833182.HTM
Penman MA & King A (2007) Introduction: Anglo-Scottish Relations in the Fourteenth Century - An Overview of Recent Research. In: Penman MA & King A (eds.) England and Scotland in the Fourteenth Century: New Perspectives. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer (Boydell Press), pp. 1-13. http://www.boydellandbrewer.com/store/viewItem.asp?idProduct=8452
Penman MA (2007) The Kingship of the Scots, 842-1292: Succession and Independence, by A.A.M. Duncan and Robert the Bruce and the Community of the Realm of Scotland by G.W.S. Barrow (Book Review). Review of: A.A.M. Duncan, The Kingship of the Scots, 842-1292: Succession and Independence, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 2002, 398 pages, ISBN 978-0748616268; G.W.S. Barrow, Robert the Bruce and the Community of the Realm of Scotland, first published in 1965, new editions in 1976, 1988 and Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 2005, 560 pages, ISBN 978-0748620227. History Scotland, 7 (2), pp. 56-57. http://www.historyscotland.com/backissuelist.html?yid=7&o=0
Penman MA (2006) The Bruce Dynasty, Becket and Scottish Pilgrimage to Canterbury, c.1178-c.1404. Journal of Medieval History, 32 (4), pp. 346-370. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03044181; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmedhist.2006.09.003
Penman MA (2006) Scotland in 1406 - a Kingdom in Crisis?. In: Matthew C, Harrison B & Goldman L (eds.) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online Edition). Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://www.oxforddnb.com/templates/theme-print.jsp?articleid=95106
Penman MA (2006) Medieval Scotland by A. Macquarrie (Book Review). Review of: Medieval Scotland by Alan Macquarrie, Stroud: Sutton Publishing, 2004, 242 pp. ISBN 0750929774.. Welsh History Review, 22 (4), pp. 784-786. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/uwp/whis/2006/00000022/00000004/art00008
Penman MA (2006) Margaret Logie, Queen of Scotland. In: Ewan E, Innes S, Reynolds S & Pipes R (eds.) The Biographical Dictionary of Scottish Women: From the earliest times to 2004. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 248-249. http://www.euppublishing.com/book/978-0-7486-1713-5
Penman MA (2005) Scottish History: the Power of the Past (Book Review). Review of: Scottish History: The Power of the Past, eds. E.J. Cowan and R.J. Finlay;
Edinburgh: EUP 2002; 279pp; ISBN 0748614206. Scottish Labour History, 40, pp. 113-114. http://www.scottishlabourhistory.org.uk/the-journal/
Penman MA (2005) The Late Medieval Scottish Parliament: Politics and the Three Estates, 1424-1488, by R. Tanner (Book Review). Review of: The Late Medieval Scottish Parliament: Politics and the Three Estates, 1424-1488, by Roland Tanner; Tuckwell Press, East Linton, 2001; ISBN 1862321744; Pb., 316p. History Scotland, 5 (1). http://www.historyscotland.com/backissuelist.html?yid=5&o=0
Penman MA (2004) Parliament Lost - Parliament Regained? The Three Estates in the Reign of David II, 1329-1371. In: Brown KM, Mann AJ, MacDonald AR & Tanner RJ (eds.) The History of the Scottish Parliament: Parliament and Politics in Scotland, 1235-1560. The Edinburgh History of the Scottish Parliament, Volume 1, 1. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 74-101. http://www.euppublishing.com/book/978-0-7486-1485-1
Penman MA (2003) The Battle of Bannockburn, 1314 by A. Nusbacher (Book Review) [Robert the Bruce's Irish Wars: the Invasions of Ireland, 1306-1329 by S. Duffy ed. (Book Review)]. Review of: Aryeh Nusbacher, The Battle of Bannockburn, 1314; Charleston, SC, Stroud, Gloucestershire, Tempus, 2000, 176pp 73 illus., ISBN 0752423266; Seán Duffy ed., Robert the Bruce’s Irish Wars: the Invasions of Ireland, 1306-1329; Charleston, SC, Stroud, Gloucestershire,Tempus 2002, 221pp. 80 illus., ISBN 0752419749. History Scotland, 3 (2), pp. 54-55. http://www.historyscotland.com/backissuelist.html?yid=3&o=0
Penman MA (2003) Scotland and Europe: the Medieval Kingdom and its Contacts with Christendom, 1214-1560: Volume I: Religion, Culture and Commerce, by David Ditchburn (Book Review). Review of: Scotland and Europe: The Medieval Kingdom and its Contacts with Christendom, 1214–1560. Volume I: Religion, Culture and Commerce. By David Ditchburn. Linton, Tuckwell Press. 2000. xiii + 335pp ISBN 978-1862321724. History, 88 (289), pp. 125-126. http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0018-2648; https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2281.2005.00333.x-i1
Penman MA (2002) The Scottish Civil War: The Bruces and Balliols and the War for Control of Scotland, 1286-1356. Stroud: The History Press/ Tempus. http://www.thehistorypress.co.uk/index.php/the-scottish-civil-war.html
Penman MA (2002) Christian days and knights: the religious devotions and court of David II of Scotland, 1329-71. Historical Research, 75 (189), pp. 249-272. http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0950-3471&site=1; https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2281.00150
Penman MA (2001) Robert II Stewart. In: Oram R (ed.) The Kings and Queens of Scotland. Stroud, Gloucestershire: The History Press, pp. 148-155. http://www.thehistorypress.co.uk/products/Kings-and-Queens-of-Scotland.aspx
Penman MA (2001) Brotherstone and Ditchburn (eds.), Freedom and Authority (Book Review). Review of: Freedom and Authority: Historical and Historiographical Essays Presented to Grant G. Simpson. Edited by Terry Brotherstone and David Ditchburn . East Linton: Tuckwell Press. 2000. Pp. xii, 292. ISBN 1 898410 79 8. .. Scottish Historical Review, 80 (2), pp. 265-267. http://www.euppublishing.com/doi/abs/10.3366/shr.2001.80.2.265; https://doi.org/10.3366/shr.2001.80.2.265
Penman MA (1995) What About The Women? St Andrews University and the Higher Education of Women, c.1862-1914. St Andrews University.
I have now managed to develop a run of courses progressing from first (level 8) to fourth (level 10) year which provides a chronological coverage of medieval Scotland from c.1286 to. c.1542. These courses have a predominantly political focus but have increasingly begun to draw on cultural and religious themes, reflecting my research interests; but they also rely heavily on comparisons with contemporary England and other European realms. As each course prgresses there is an increasing emphasis placed upon students' greater and independent use of primary source materials and more demanding secondary reading. These research-led teaching themes link closely to my supervision interests on our M.Res and PhD programmes.
HIS9P5 The Stewart Kings of Scotland, 1424 - 1513
HIS9P6 The Stewart Kings of Scotland II: The Glory of Princely Governing, 1488-1542?
HIS9Q4 Scotland in the Age of Wallace and Bruce 1286-1329
HIS9Q7 Dark and Drublie Days: Bruce and Stewart Scotland, 1329-1406
HIS9S1 Kingship and Nationhood – Scotland c.1100-1513
HIS9S2 Renaissance to Revolution – Scotland 1513-1689
HIS9S3 Reputations in History
HIS9X7/X8 History Dissertation
HTRP03 M.Res Historical Research - Dissertation
HTRP11 M.Res Historical Research - Historiography
HTRP12 Sources and Methods
HTRP14 M.Res Historical Research - Research Skills
HTRP16 M.Res Historical Research - Medieval Scotland c.1100-c.1600