Dr Michael Penman

Senior Lecturer

History University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA

Dr Michael Penman

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About me

About me

I have a wide range of Scottish historical interests having taken my MA in Scottish History at the University of St Andrews (1995) followed by a PhD (1999) there on one of the major historiographical gaps in medieval Scottish history, the reign of David II (1329-71), son of Robert the Bruce. This work was heavily influenced by the detailed political studies-in-the round of Dr Norman Macdougall and other St Andrews historians.

However, in the course of this research my interests have branched out and I have become particularly fascinated by the topic of medieval lay piety in Scotland, especially the patterns of worship of late medieval Scottish kings and their subjects. This has drawn me in turn to themes such as saints' cults and images, liturgy, pilgrimage, monastic identity, burial and monumental tombs, cartulary records, and subsequent heritage and commemoration. I have tried to explore many of these topics for Scottish history by making direct comparisons with contemporary England, Ireland and continental Europe (helping me ‘fill-in-the-gaps' by analogy in the often patchy Scottish evidence): this is an approach I hope to encourage in my postgraduate students.

But I have also returned to a number of my earlier historical loves: national identity and the (de-)construction of iconic reputations, late 18th/early 19th century civic society, and above all the Great War, the latter first inspired by a visit to the battlefields while in High School and a 14th birthday gift of the Illustrated Press History of the Great War (13 volumes, £20 from Oxfam, with school certificates from someone named Haig from the 1920s left inside!). Finally, I am also a member of a number of academy bodies, including the Scottish Medievalists and the Scottish History Society, as well as a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society.

Award

Saltire Society Prize, History Book of the Year, 2005 for 'David II. 1329-71' (Tuckwell Press, 2004).

Community Contribution

National Trust for Scotland Bannockburn Academic Advisory Board
Advisory Panel of academics/professionals re representation of Bannockburn Battlefield Heritage Site 2011-.

Teachers' Lectures Series
Semester course of lectures re elements of new curriculum for excellence, e.g. Scottish Wars of Independence 1286-1329, taught 2011 to 15 teachers/heritage practitioners.

Divisional / Faculty Contribution

Director/Mentor of Research (History and Politics)
Since 2003 I have served across eight academic sessions (excluding research leave), forHistory (to 2010) and then History and Politics), co-ordintaing and authoring RAE/REF statements, compiling research activity data, benchmarking, mentoring colleagues and RPGs' grant applications and project development, representing my division at Scholl and occasionally University Research Committee level.

Deputy Head (History/History & Politics)
I acted as Deputy Head for History in 2088, 2009, 2010; then Deputy for History & Politics 2011-14.

Education

1995 First Class MA Honours (Distinction) in Scottish History - Miller Prize for the Best Honours Graduate in the Faculty of Arts, University of St Andrews.

1995-1999 Ph.D., University of St Andrews, funded by a Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland Scholarship: 'The Kingship of David II of Scotland, 1329-71' [Approx. 160,000 words].

Event / Presentation

Organisor/host at University of Stirling, 13-14 August 2011.. CONFERENCE - Monuments and Monumentality in Medieval and Early Modern Europe

Co-organisor/host with Dr James Smyth, University of Stirling, 28 June 2003.. CONFERENCE - Reputations in Scottish History

Co-organisor/host with Dr Frederique Lachaud (Sorbonne) at Institute of Historical Research, London, 6-8 April 2006.. CONFERENCE - Making and Breaking the Rules: Succession in Medieval and Early Modern Europe, c.1000-c.1650

Co-organisor/host with Dr Andy King, University of Durham, 1-2 September 2004. CONFERENCE - New Perspectives on Anglo-Scottish Relations in the Long Fourteenth Century

Co-organiser/author of exhibition with Dr James Smyth, SNPG and IPSOS MORE poll data commissioned by Reputations in Scottish History project.. Great Scot! En Exhibition of Scottish Reputations, Scottish National Portrait Gallery, Spring 2006.

Conference Organiser/Host at Stirling, 23 March 2002. CONFERENCE - The Thistle and the Rose, 1502-13

Co-author with James Smyth, Sarah Bromage, Kirsty McAlister, Jane Cameron, part of Lest Scotland Forgets project.. A Stirling 100. Exhibition of the fallen of the Great War, University of Stirling Nov. 2012-Feb 2013.

Other Academic Activities

Secretary, Scottish History Society

Board Member, Centre for Scottish Studies (Director 2010-12)

Professional membership

Fellow of the Royal Historical Society 2011-

Supervision of Research Assistants

SangDong Lee, PhD, The Development of Dunfermline as a Cult Centre, c.1070-c.1406

Lucinda Dean, PhD, Representations of Authority in Medieval and Early Modern Scotland (AHRC)

Amy Hayes, M. Res, Margaret of Denmark, queen of Scotland (d.1486)

Samuel Muir Shaw, M.Res, The Earls of Dunbar c.1283-c.1368

Nicola Scott, M. Phil & PhD, The Court and Household of James I of Scotland, 1424-37 (AHRB/C)

Lisa Shaw, M.Res, The Cult of Chivalry in Fourteenth century Scotland

Amanda Beam, M. Phil & PhD, The Balliol Dynasty, c.1210-c.1364

Research (3)

My main projects at the moment are: i. Investigating the Royal Tombs of Dunfermline's Benedictine Abbey - this has seen me combine archival research with ground-probing-radar fieldwork in search of the physical remains and liturgical logic of the numerous royal monuments and burials at this royal mausoleum site in Fife, lost through the Reformation and subsequent centuries of neglect, reuse and overbuilding. This work has seem me invited to participate on the Dunfermline Heritage Partnership alongside representatives of Fife Council, the Kirk Session, Visit Scotland, Historic Environment Scotland, Fife Cultural Trust, Fife Pilgrim Way and other bodies, advising on current HLF and Scottish-Executive funded projects - see https://dunfermline.com/index.php/about-dunfermline-heritage-partnership/ .

ii. Patrick Geddes, Civics and the Carnegie Dunfermline Trust - this has seen me investigating botanist, sociology-pioneer and town-planner Patrick Geddes' involvement with the CDT and its inaugural plans to develop Pittencreiff Park in Dunfermline in 1904 as a mean sof brining unique 'sweetness and light' to the lives of the town's working inhabitants and children.

Projects

The Scottish Privy Council, 1692-1708: government from Revolution to Union
PI: Dr Alastair Mann
Funded by: The Leverhulme Trust

Robert the Bruce: Kingship, Identity and War in Scotland and the British Isles
PI: Dr Michael Penman
Funded by: Strathmartine Trust

Monuments and Monumentality in Medieval and Early Modern Europe
PI: Dr Michael Penman
Funded by: The Henry Moore Foundation

Outputs (71)

Outputs

Research Report

Penman MA, Utsi EC & Turpie T (2020) In Search Of The Royal Mausoleum At The Benedictine Abbey Of Dunfermline Fife: Medieval Liturgy, Antiquarianism, and a Ground-Penetrating Radar Pilot Survey, 2016-19 (2020). Dunfermline Abbey Church and Kirk Session; Historic Environment Scotland; Fife Council; Dunfermline Heritage Partnership; GWS BArrow Award; Strathmartine Trust; Royal Society of Edinburgh; Hunter Archaeological Trust; Faculty of Arts & Humanities, University of Stirling. https://dunfgpr.stir.ac.uk/; University of Stirling Research respository; Historic Environment Scotland CANMORE database; Dunfermline Abbey Church website; dunfermline.com.

Technical Report

Penman MA & Utsi E (2019) Ground Penetrating Radar Survey of an area to the South East of the Abbey Church of Dunfermline Abbey For Dr Michael Penman University of Stirling (19th September 2019) [Dunfermline GPR Draft R3 - 2019]. University of Stirling [Michael Penman]. Stirling. https://dunfgpr.stir.ac.uk/; https://canmore.org.uk/; https://dunfermlineabbey.com/wwp/

Authored Book

Penman M (2018) Robert the Bruce, King of the Scots. 2nd - revised paperback edition ed. Yale: Yale University Books. https://yalebooks.co.uk/display.asp?k=9780300240313

Book Review

Penman MA (2017) The shape of the state in medieval Scotland, 1124-1290. Review of: The shape of the state in medieval Scotland, 1124–1290, by Alice Taylor, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016, 525 pp. ISBN 978-0-1987-4920-2. Parliaments, Estates and Representation, 37 (3), pp. 339-340. https://doi.org/10.1080/02606755.2017.1338848

Technical Report

Penman MA & Utsi E (2017) Ground Penetrating Radar Survey of the Central Area between the Vestry and the Altar and 2 External Areas overlying the former Lady Chapel of Dunfermline Abbey For Dr Michael Penman University of Stirling [Dunfermline Draft GPR R2 - 2017]. University of Stirling [Dr Michael Penman]. Stirling. https://dunfgpr.stir.ac.uk/; https://canmore.org.uk/; https://dunfermlineabbey.com/wwp/

Edited Book

Lachaud F & Penman MA (eds.) (2017) Absentee Authority Across Medieval Europe. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell and Brewer. https://boydellandbrewer.com/absentee-authority-across-medieval-europe-hb.html

Book Chapter

Penman MA & Lachaud F (2017) Introduction: Absentee Authority across Medieval Europe. In: Lachaud F & Penman M (eds.) Absentee Authority Across Medieval Europe. Woodbridge, England: Boydell and Brewer, pp. 1-20. https://boydellandbrewer.com/absentee-authority-across-medieval-europe-hb.html

Book Review

Penman MA (2017) Barbour's Bruce and Its Cultural Context: Politics, Chivalry and Literature in Late Medieval Scotland. Review of: Barbour’s Bruce and Its Cultural Context: Politics, Chivalry and Literature in Late Medieval Scotland, edited by S Boardman and S Foran. DS Brewer: Cambridge, 2015, Pp. xi, 244 pp. ISBN 9781843843573. American Historical Review, 122 (3), pp. 913-915. https://doi.org/10.1093/ahr/122.3.913

Technical Report

Penman MA & Utsi E (2016) Ground Penetrating Radar Survey of Part of the North Transept and the Vestry of Dunfermline Abbey For Dr Michael Penman University of Stirling [Dunfermline Draft GPR R1 - 2016]. University of Stirling [Michael Penman]. Stirling. https://dunfgpr.stir.ac.uk/; https://canmore.org.uk/; https://dunfermlineabbey.com/wwp/

Other

Penman MA (2016) The Stewart Monarchs: A Turbulent Dynasty [History Scotland special issue on The Stewart Monarchs of Scotland]. History Scotland, 16 (3), pp. 13-15.

Edited Book

Penman MA (ed.) (2016) Bannockburn, 1314-2014: Battle and Legacy. Donington: Shaun Tyas. http://www.oxbowbooks.com/oxbow/bannockburn-1314-2014-battle-and-legacy.html

Conference Paper (unpublished)

Penman MA (2014) The resonance of Scottish History and Heritage in current Referendum discourse. CARMEN Annual Meeting 2014, Stirling, Scotland, 12.09.2014-13.09.2014. http://www.carmen-medieval.net/cz/carmen-annual-meeting-%E2%80%93-stirling-scotland-12-13-september-2014-a-report-1404041589.html

Authored Book

Penman MA (2014) Robert the Bruce: King of the Scots. London and New Haven: Yale University Press. http://yalebooks.co.uk/display.asp?K=9780300148725; https://doi.org/10.12987/yale/9780300148725.001.0001

Other

Penman MA (2014) Robert the Bruce - the piety of the victor of Bannockburn. History Scotland, Online. https://www.celebrate-scotland.co.uk/articles/expert-history-articles/robert-the-bruce-the-piety-of-the-victor-of-bannockburn

Book Review

Penman MA (2013) The Firth of Forth: An Environmental History. Review of: The Firth of Forth - An Environmental History, by T.C. Smout and M. Stewart (Glasgow: Birlinn, 2012, 240pp, ISBN 9781780270647). Reviews in History, Review number: 1425. http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1425

Conference Proceeding

Penman MA (2012) The Economics of Faith: Approaches to Monastic Saints' Cults in Medieval Scotland. In: Ammannati F (ed.) Religione e istituzioni religiose nell'economia europea. 1000-1800 - Religion and Religious Institutions in the European Economy. 1000-1800. Atti della "Quarantatreesima Settimana di Studi" 8-12 maggio 2011. Pubblicazioni., Serie II,, Atti delle "settimane di studio" e altri convegni., 42. Religione e istituzioni religiose nell'economia europea. 1000-1800 - Religion and Religious Institutions in the European Economy. 1000-1800, 08.05.2011-11.05.2011. Firenze, Italy: Firenze University Press, pp. 765-777. http://www.fupress.com/eng/scheda.asp?IDV=2216

Book Review

Penman MA (2012) The Cult of Saints and the Virgin Mary in Medieval Scotland. Review of:
edited by Steve Boardman and Eila Williamson, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer Ltd, 2010, pp. 226. ISBN:9781843835622. English Historical Review, CXXVII (526), pp. 685-687. http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXVII/526.toc; https://doi.org/10.1093/ehr/ces101

Book Review

Penman MA (2012) Liberties and Identities in the Medieval British Isles. Review of:
edited by Michael Prestwich, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer Ltd, 2008, pp. 236. ISBN: 9781843833741. Scottish Historical Review, 91, pp. 167-168. http://www.euppublishing.com/loi/shr; https://doi.org/10.3366/shr.2012.0081

Book Chapter

Penman MA (2009) Royal Piety in Thirteenth-Century Scotland: the Religion and Religiosity of Alexander II (1214-49) and Alexander III (1249-86). In: Burton J, Schofield P & Weiler B (eds.) Thirteenth Century England XII: Proceedings of the Gregynog Conference, 2007. Thirteenth Century England: Proceedings of the Gregynog Conference 2007, Volume 12. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell & Brewer, pp. 13-30. http://www.boydell.co.uk/43834472.HTM

Book Chapter

Penman MA (2008) Diffinicione successionis ad regnum Scottorum: royal succession in Scotland in the later middle ages. In: Lachaud F & Penman MA (eds.) Making and breaking the rules: succession in medieval Europe, c. 1000-c.1600. Établir et abolir les normes: la succession dans l'Europe médiévale, vers 1000-vers 1600, Proceedings of the colloquium held on 6-7-8 April 2006. Actes de la conférence tenue les 6, 7 et 8 avril 2006, Institute of Historical Research (University of London). Histoires de famille. La parenté au Moyen Age HIFA, 9. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 43-59. http://www.brepols.net/Pages/ShowProduct.aspx?prod_id=IS-9782503527437-1

Book Chapter

Penman MA (2008) David II (1329-1371). In: Brown M & Tanner R (eds.) Scottish Kingship 1306-1542: Essays in Honour of Norman Macdougall. Edinburgh: John Donald, pp. 49-71. http://john-donald.birlinn.co.uk/book/details/Scottish-Kingship--1306---1542-9781904607823/

Book Chapter

Penman MA (2008) Robert I (1306-1329). In: Brown M & Tanner R (eds.) Scottish Kingship 1306-1542: Essays in Honour of Norman Macdougall. Edinburgh: John Donald, pp. 20-48. http://www.euppublishing.com/doi/abs/10.3366/shr.2011.0008

Book Chapter

Penman MA & Lachaud F (2008) Making and Breaking the Rules: Succession in Medieval Europe, c.1000-c.1600 (Introduction) [Établir et abolir les normes: la succession dans l’Europe médiévale, vers 1000-vers 1600]. In: Penman MA & Lachaud F (eds.) Making and breaking the rules: succession in medieval Europe, c. 1000-c.1600. Établir et abolir les normes: la succession dans l’Europe médiévale, vers 1000-vers 1600, Proceedings of the colloquium held on 6-7-8 April 2006. Actes de la conférence tenue les 6, 7 et 8 avril 2006, Institute of Historical Research (University of London), Histoires de Famille: La Parente au Moyen Age (HIFA 9). Histoires de famille. La parenté au Moyen Age (HIFA 9). Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 1-9. http://www.brepols.net/Pages/ShowProduct.aspx?prod_id=IS-9782503527437-1

Book Review

Penman MA (2008) Chivalry and Knighthood in Scotland, 1424-1513. Review of: Chivalry and Knighthood in Scotland, 1424–1513. By Katie Stevenson. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press. 2006. Pp. xii, 228. ISBN: 1843831929.. Scottish Historical Review, 87 (2), pp. 336-338. https://doi.org/10.3366/E0036924108000218

Book Review

Penman MA (2007) The Kingship of the Scots, 842-1292: Succession and Independence, by A.A.M. Duncan and Robert the Bruce and the Community of the Realm of Scotland by G.W.S. Barrow. Review of: A.A.M. Duncan, The Kingship of the Scots, 842-1292: Succession and Independence, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 2002, 398 pages, ISBN 978-0748616268; G.W.S. Barrow, Robert the Bruce and the Community of the Realm of Scotland, first published in 1965, new editions in 1976, 1988 and Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 2005, 560 pages, ISBN 978-0748620227. History Scotland, 7 (2), pp. 56-57. http://www.historyscotland.com/backissuelist.html?yid=7&o=0

Book Chapter

Penman MA (2006) Scotland in 1406 - a Kingdom in Crisis?. In: Matthew C, Harrison B & Goldman L (eds.) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online Edition). Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://www.oxforddnb.com/templates/theme-print.jsp?articleid=95106

Book Review

Penman MA (2006) Medieval Scotland by A. Macquarrie. Review of: Medieval Scotland by Alan Macquarrie, Stroud: Sutton Publishing, 2004, 242 pp. ISBN 0750929774.. Welsh History Review, 22 (4), pp. 784-786. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/uwp/whis/2006/00000022/00000004/art00008

Book Chapter

Penman MA (2006) Margaret Logie, Queen of Scotland. In: Ewan E, Innes S, Reynolds S & Pipes R (eds.) The Biographical Dictionary of Scottish Women: From the earliest times to 2004. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 248-249. http://www.euppublishing.com/book/978-0-7486-1713-5

Book Review

Penman MA (2005) Scottish History: the Power of the Past. Review of: Scottish History: The Power of the Past, eds. E.J. Cowan and R.J. Finlay; Edinburgh: EUP 2002; 279pp; ISBN 0748614206. Scottish Labour History, 40, pp. 113-114. http://www.scottishlabourhistory.org.uk/the-journal/

Book Chapter

Penman MA (2004) Parliament Lost - Parliament Regained? The Three Estates in the Reign of David II, 1329-1371. In: Brown KM, Mann AJ, MacDonald AR & Tanner RJ (eds.) The History of the Scottish Parliament: Parliament and Politics in Scotland, 1235-1560. The Edinburgh History of the Scottish Parliament, Volume 1, 1. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 74-101. https://edinburghuniversitypress.com/book-the-history-of-the-scottish-parliament-hb-766.html

Book Review

Penman MA (2003) The Battle of Bannockburn, 1314 by A. Nusbacher [Robert the Bruce's Irish Wars: the Invasions of Ireland, 1306-1329 by S. Duffy ed. (Book Review)]. Review of: Aryeh Nusbacher, The Battle of Bannockburn, 1314; Charleston, SC, Stroud, Gloucestershire, Tempus, 2000, 176pp 73 illus., ISBN 0752423266; Seán Duffy ed., Robert the Bruce’s Irish Wars: the Invasions of Ireland, 1306-1329; Charleston, SC, Stroud, Gloucestershire,Tempus 2002, 221pp. 80 illus., ISBN 0752419749. History Scotland, 3 (2), pp. 54-55. http://www.historyscotland.com/backissuelist.html?yid=3&o=0

Book Review

Penman MA (2003) Scotland and Europe: the Medieval Kingdom and its Contacts with Christendom, 1214-1560: Volume I: Religion, Culture and Commerce, by David Ditchburn. Review of: Scotland and Europe: The Medieval Kingdom and its Contacts with Christendom, 1214–1560. Volume I: Religion, Culture and Commerce. By David Ditchburn. Linton, Tuckwell Press. 2000. xiii + 335pp ISBN 978-1862321724. History, 88 (289), pp. 125-126. http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0018-2648; https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2281.2005.00333.x-i1

Book Chapter

Penman MA (2001) Robert II Stewart. In: Oram RD (ed.) The Kings and Queens of Scotland. Stroud, Gloucestershire: The History Press, pp. 148-155. http://www.thehistorypress.co.uk/products/Kings-and-Queens-of-Scotland.aspx

Book Review

Penman MA (2001) Brotherstone and Ditchburn (eds.), Freedom and Authority. Review of: Freedom and Authority: Historical and Historiographical Essays Presented to Grant G. Simpson. Edited by Terry Brotherstone and David Ditchburn . East Linton: Tuckwell Press. 2000. Pp. xii, 292. ISBN 1 898410 79 8. .. Scottish Historical Review, 80 (2), pp. 265-267. http://www.euppublishing.com/doi/abs/10.3366/shr.2001.80.2.265; https://doi.org/10.3366/shr.2001.80.2.265

Teaching

Teaching

I have now managed to develop a run of courses progressing from first (level 8) to fourth year (level 10) which provides a chronological coverage of medieval Scotland from c.1286 to. c.1542. These courses have a predominantly political focus but have increasingly begun to draw on cultural and religious themes, reflecting my research interests; but they also rely heavily on comparisons with contemporary England and other European realms. As each course progresses there is an increasing emphasis placed upon students' greater and independent use of primary source materials and more demanding secondary reading. These research-led teaching themes link closely to my supervision interests on our M.Res and PhD programmes. HISU9S1 For the Lion: Scotland in the British Isles and Europe, c.1100-c.1542 HISU9S2 Renaissance, Reformation & Revolution: Scotland 1542-c.1715 HISU9X2 Concepts in History HISU9S3 Reputations in History HISU9X4 Back to the Future: Putting History and Heritage to Work HISU9Q4 Scotland in the Age of Wallace and Bruce, 1286-1329 HISU9P5 Stewart Scotland I, 1406-88: Kingship or Tyranny? HISU9P6 Stewart Scotland II, 1488-1542: the Glory of Princely Governing? HISU9Q7 Dark and Drublie Days: Bruce and Stewart Scotland, 1329-1406 HISU9X7/8 History Dissertation

Teaching

HIS9P5 The Stewart Kings of Scotland, 1424 - 1513

HIS9P6 The Stewart Kings of Scotland II: The Glory of Princely Governing, 1488-1542?

HIS9Q4 Scotland in the Age of Wallace and Bruce 1286-1329

HIS9Q7 Dark and Drublie Days: Bruce and Stewart Scotland, 1329-1406

HIS9S1 Kingship and Nationhood – Scotland c.1100-1513

HIS9S2 Renaissance to Revolution – Scotland 1513-1689

HIS9S3 Reputations in History

HIS9X7/X8 History Dissertation

HTRP03 M.Res Historical Research - Dissertation

HTRP11 M.Res Historical Research - Historiography

HTRP12 Sources and Methods

HTRP14 M.Res Historical Research - Research Skills

HTRP16 M.Res Historical Research - Medieval Scotland c.1100-c.1600

Research programmes

Research centres/groups

Research themes