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Article

Spatiotemporal and Luminance Contrast Properties of Symmetry Perception

Citation
Sharman R & Gheorghiu E (2018) Spatiotemporal and Luminance Contrast Properties of Symmetry Perception. Symmetry, 10 (6), Art. No.: 220. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym10060220

Abstract
Recent studies have shown that limiting the lifetime of pattern elements improves symmetry detection, potentially by increasing the number of element locations. Here, we investigate how spatial relocation, luminance contrast modulation and lifetime duration of elements affect symmetry perception in dynamic stimuli. Stimuli were dynamic dot-patterns containing varying amounts of symmetry about a vertical axis. Symmetrical matched-pairs were: (i) relocated to multiple successive, but random locations (i.e., multiple locations condition); (ii) relocated between the same two locations (i.e., two locations condition); (iii) not, relocated, but their luminance contrast was modulated at different temporal frequencies (i.e., one location condition), and (iv) not relocated, but a single pattern was presented at full contrast (i.e., static condition). In the dynamic conditions, we varied the elements’ lifetime duration and temporal frequency of contrast modulation. We measured symmetry detection thresholds using a two-interval forced choice procedure. Our results show improved performance for the multiple locations condition compared to two-location and static conditions, suggesting a cumulative process whereby weak symmetry information is integrated by spatiotemporal filters to increase overall symmetry signal strength. Performance also improved for the static, contrast modulated patterns, but this was explained by a reduction in perceived density. This suggests that different mechanisms mediate symmetry detection in dynamic stimuli and static contrast modulated patterns.

Keywords
Computer Science (miscellaneous); Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous); Chemistry (miscellaneous); General Mathematics

Journal
Symmetry: Volume 10, Issue 6

StatusPublished
Author(s)Sharman, Rebecca; Gheorghiu, Elena
FundersThe Wellcome Trust
Publication date14/06/2018
Publication date online14/06/2018
Date accepted by journal11/06/2018
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/27392
Related URLshttp://hdl.handle.net/11667/115
PublisherMDPI AG
eISSN2073-8994

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