Citation Griffiths D, Lambert P, Zijdeman R, van Leeuwen MHD & Maas I (2019) Microclass immobility during industrialisation in the USA and Norway. Acta Sociologica, 62 (2), pp. 193-210. https://doi.org/10.1177/0001699318766231
Abstract The ‘microclass' approach advocated by Grusky, Weeden and colleagues emphasises fine-grained occupational differences and their relevance to social reproduction and social mobility. Using recent developments in historical occupational classifications, we apply a microclass approach to the analysis of intergenerational social mobility using linked census data for Norway and the USA in the late 19th and early 20th century (1850-1910). We describe a procedure that offers an operationalisation of microclass units for these datasets, and show how its application enables us to disentangle different forms of immobility which would not be distinguished in other approaches. Results suggest that microclass immobility is an important part of social reproduction in both Norway and the United States during the era of industrialisation. Both countries reveal a similar balance between ‘big class' and ‘microclass' immobility patterns. In Norway, the relative importance of microclasses in social reproduction regimes, when compared to the role of ‘big class' structures, seems to decline very slightly over the course of industrialisation, but in the USA the relative importance of microclasses seems if anything to increase over the period.
Keywords Microclasses; Social reproduction; Social mobility; HISCO; HISCLASS; Historical occupations
Journal Acta Sociologica: Volume 62, Issue 2
Griffiths, Dave; Lambert, Paul; Zijdeman, Richard; van Leeuwen, Marco H D; Maas, Ineke