Tyler A (2004) High accuracy in situ radiometric mapping. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 72 (1-2), pp. 195-202. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0265931X03002029; https://doi.org/10.1016/S0265-931X%2803%2900202-9
In situ and airborne gamma ray spectrometry have been shown to provide rapid and spatially representative estimates of environmental radioactivity across a range of landscapes. However, one of the principal limitations of this technique has been the influence of changes in the vertical distribution of the source (e.g. 137Cs) on the observed photon fluence resulting in a significant reduction in the accuracy of the in situ activity measurement. A flexible approach for single gamma photon emitting radionuclides is presented, which relies on the quantification of forward scattering (or valley region between the full energy peak and Compton edge) within the gamma ray spectrum to compensate for changes in the 137Cs vertical activity distribution. This novel in situ method lends itself to the mapping of activity concentrations in environments that exhibit systematic changes in the vertical activity distribution. The robustness of this approach has been demonstrated in a salt marsh environment on the Solway coast, SW Scotland, with both a 7.6 cm×7.6 cm NaI(Tl) detector and a 35% n-type HPGe detector. Application to ploughed field environments has also been demonstrated using HPGe detector, including its application to the estimation of field moist bulk density and soil erosion measurement. Ongoing research work is also outlined.
in situ gamma spectrometry; Cs-137; forward scattering; soil erosion; salt marshes
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity: Volume 72, Issue 1-2