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Article

Effectiveness of interventions to reduce indoor air pollution and/or improve health in homes using solid fuel in lower and middle income countries: Protocol for a systematic review

Citation
Quansah R, Ochieng CA, Semple S, Juvekar S, Emina J, Armah FA & Luginaah I (2015) Effectiveness of interventions to reduce indoor air pollution and/or improve health in homes using solid fuel in lower and middle income countries: Protocol for a systematic review. Systematic Reviews, 4, Art. No.: 22. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-015-0012-8

Abstract
Background: Indoor air pollution (IAP) interventions are widely promoted as a means of reducing indoor air pollution/health from solid fuel use; and research addressing impact of these interventions has increased substantially in the past two decades. It is timely and important to understand more about effectiveness of these interventions. We describe the protocol of a systematic review to (i) evaluate effectiveness of IAP interventions to improve indoor air quality and/or health in homes using solid fuel for cooking and/or heating in lower- and middle-income countries, (ii) identify the most effective intervention to improve indoor air quality and/or health, and (iii) identify future research needs.  Methods: This review will be conducted according to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines and will be reported following the PRISMA statement. Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, SCOPUS, and PubMed searches were conducted in September 2013 and updated in November 2014 (and include any further search updates in February 2015). Additional references will be located through searching the references cited by identified studies and through the World Health Organization Global database of household air pollution measurements. We will also search our own archives. Data extraction and risk of bias assessment of all included papers will be conducted independently by five reviewers.  Discussion: The study will provide insights into what interventions are most effective in reducing indoor air pollution and/or adverse health outcomes in homes using solid fuel for cooking or heating in lower- or middle-income countries. The findings from this review will be used to inform future IAP interventions and policy on poverty reduction and health improvement in poor communities who rely on biomass and solid fuels for cooking and heating.  Systematic review registration: The review has been registered with PROSPERO (registration number CRD42014009768 ).

Keywords
Biomass; indoor air pollution; intervention; protocol; systematic review;

Journal
Systematic Reviews: Volume 4

StatusPublished
Author(s)Quansah, Reginald; Ochieng, Caroline A; Semple, Sean; Juvekar, Sanjar; Emina, Jacques; Armah, Frederick Ato; Luginaah, Isaac
Publication date04/03/2015
Publication date online04/03/2015
Date accepted by journal09/02/2015
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/27042
PublisherBioMed Central
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