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Article

Domestic airborne fine particulate matter exposure and asthma control among children receiving inhaled steroid treatment

Citation
Woods KE, Apsley A, Semple S & Turner S (2014) Domestic airborne fine particulate matter exposure and asthma control among children receiving inhaled steroid treatment. Indoor and Built Environment, 23 (3), pp. 497-503. https://doi.org/10.1177/1420326X14527301

Abstract
The aims of the present study were to measure domestic PM2.5 exposure and explore relationships with indices of asthma severity and control in children prescribed inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs). Disease severity was determined by questionnaire and spirometry. Asthma control was assessed by 5-day peak flow variability (PFV) and children's asthma control test (CACT) on the 1st and 5th day of peak flow testing. Concentrations of PM2.5 were measured over a 24-h period. Twenty-two children were recruited, mean age 11.0 years. Across the 22 homes the median time weighted average (TWA) PM2.5 concentration (range) was 7.4 μg/m3 (2.0-150.0) and was significantly higher in the seven homes where smoking was reported (24.0 μg/m3) than non-smoking homes (6.0 μg/m3), p=0.001. There was a positive association between TWA PM2.5 and PFV (rho = 0.55, p = 0.015, n = 19) and a negative association between TWA PM2.5 and CACT (rho = - 0.56, p = 0.010, n = 20). TWA PM2.5 exposure was not related to indices of asthma severity. Peak PM2.5 concentration was not associated with any outcome. This exploratory study suggests that even at relatively low concentrations, there is an exposure-response relationship between increasing indoor air PM2.5 concentrations and poorer asthma control in children prescribed ICSs.

Keywords
Air pollution indoor; asthma; child; respiratory function testing;

Journal
Indoor and Built Environment: Volume 23, Issue 3

StatusPublished
Author(s)Woods, Kenneth E; Apsley, Andrew; Semple, Sean; Turner, Steve
Publication date01/05/2014
Publication date online25/03/2014
Date accepted by journal16/02/2014
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/27016
PublisherSAGE
ISSN1420-326X
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