Article

Cross-country comparison of proportion of alcohol consumed in harmful drinking occasions using the International Alcohol Control Study

Citation

Cuong PV, Casswell S, Parker K, Callinan S, Chaiyasong S, Kazantseva E, Meier P, MacKintosh AM, Piazza M, Gray-Phillip G & Parry CDH (2018) Cross-country comparison of proportion of alcohol consumed in harmful drinking occasions using the International Alcohol Control Study. Drug and Alcohol Review, 37 (S2), pp. S45-S52. https://doi.org/10.1111/dar.12665

Abstract
Introduction and Aims  This study examines the proportion of alcohol markets consumed in harmful drinking occasions in a range of high-, middle-income countries and assesses the implications of these findings for conflict of interest between alcohol producers and public health and the appropriate role of the alcohol industry in alcohol policy space.  Design and Methods  Cross-sectional surveys were conducted in 10 countries as part of the International Alcohol Control study. Alcohol consumption was measured using location- and beverage-specific measures. A level of consumption defined as harmful use of alcohol was chosen and the proportion of the total market consumed in these drinking occasions was calculated for both commercial and informal alcohol.  Results  In all countries, sizeable proportions of the alcohol market were consumed during harmful drinking occasions. In general, a higher proportion of alcohol was consumed in harmful drinking occasions by respondents in the middle-income countries than respondents in the high-income countries. The proportion of informal alcohol consumed in harmful drinking occasions was lower than commercial alcohol.  Discussion and Conclusions  Informal alcohol is less likely to be consumed in harmful drinking occasions compared with commercial alcohol. The proportion of commercial alcohol consumed in harmful drinking occasions in a range of alcohol markets shows the reliance of the transnational alcohol corporations on harmful alcohol use. This reliance underpins industry lobbying against effective policy and support for ineffective approaches. The conflict of interest between the alcohol industry and public health requires their exclusion from the alcohol policy space.

Keywords
alcohol consumption; harmful drinking occasions

Journal
Drug and Alcohol Review: Volume 37, Issue S2

StatusPublished
FundersMedical Research Council
Publication date31/08/2018
Publication date online14/02/2018
Date accepted by journal04/01/2018
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/26804
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
ISSN0959-5236