Smith L (2010) Neuromorphic Systems: past, present and future. Hussain A (Editor), Aleksander I (Editor), Smith LS (Editor), Barros AK (Editor), Chrisley R (Editor) & Cutsuridis V (Editor) Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems 2008, (BICS 2008), Sao Luis, Brazil, 24.06.2008-27.06.2008. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, pp. 167-182. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, Volume 657, Part 2, 657, part 2. http://www.icsc-naiso.org/conferences/bics2008/bics_2008.html; https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79100-5_9
Abstract Neuromorphic systems are implementations in silicon of elements of neural systems. The idea of electronic implementation is not new, but modern microelectronics has provided opportunities for producing systems for both sensing and neural modelling that can be mass produced straightforwardly. We review the the history of neuromorphic systems, and discuss the range of neuromorphic systems that have ben developed. We discuss recent ideas for overcoming some of the problems, particularly providing effective adaptive synapses in large numbers.