MacLeod M & Saunders J (2008) Retrieval inhibition and memory distortion: Negative consequences of an adaptive process. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17 (1), pp. 26-30. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8721.2008.00542.x
Despite the fact that misinformation effects have long been studied by both applied researchers and modelers of human memory, there is little consensus as to the value of such endeavors. We argue that this may be due to a failure to identify the underlying mechanism responsible for such memory distortions. We consider novel evidence for a relationship between retrieval-induced forgetting and the reporting of misinformation. We also explore the extent to which retrieval inhibition underpins this relationship and the implications this has for the modeling of memory and finding potential solutions to real-world problems.
misinformation effect; eyewitnessing; retrieval-induced forgetting; retrieval inhibition
Current Directions in Psychological Science: Volume 17, Issue 1