Pollock A, Campbell P, Deery R, Fleming M, Rankin J, Sloan G & Cheyne H (2017) A systematic review of evidence relating to clinical supervision for nurses, midwives and allied health professionals. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 83 (8), pp. 1825-1837. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13253
The aim of this study was to systematically review evidence relating to clinical supervision for nurses, midwives and allied health professionals.
Since 1902 statutory supervision has been a requirement for UK midwives, but this is due to change. Evidence relating to clinical supervision for nurses and allied health professions could inform a new model of clinical supervision for midwives.
A systematic review with a contingent design, comprising a broad map of research relating to clinical supervision and two focussed syntheses answering specific review questions.
Electronic databases were searched from 2005 - September 2015, limited to English-language peer-reviewed publications.
Systematic reviews evaluating the effectiveness of clinical supervision were included in Synthesis 1. Primary research studies including a description of a clinical supervision intervention were included in Synthesis 2. Quality of reviews were judged using a risk of bias tool and review results summarized in tables. Data describing the key components of clinical supervision interventions were extracted from studies included in Synthesis 2, categorized using a reporting framework and a narrative account provided.
Ten reviews were included in Synthesis 1; these demonstrated an absence of convincing empirical evidence and lack of agreement over the nature of clinical supervision. Nineteen primary studies were included in Synthesis 2; these highlighted a lack of consistency and large variations between delivered interventions.
Despite insufficient evidence to directly inform the selection and implementation of a framework, the limited available evidence can inform the design of a new model of clinical supervision for UK-based midwives.
allied health professionals; clinical supervision; literature review; midwives; nurses; systematic review
Journal of Advanced Nursing: Volume 83, Issue 8
|Publication date online||08/02/2017|
|Date accepted by journal||15/12/2016|