Falconer L, Telfer T, Pham KL & Ross L (2018) GIS Technologies for Sustainable Aquaculture. In: Huang B (ed.) Comprehensive Geographic Information Systems, Vol. 2. Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences. Oxford: Elsevier, pp. 290-314. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124095489104592; https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.10459-2
There has been a rapid development and deployment of geographical information systems (GIS) in recent years in response to a burgeoning range of increasingly complex spatial management questions. Although GIS has been investigated for aquaculture support and actively promoted over the last 30 years, its use in the sector has been taken up rather slowly. However, its adoption has now increased to the point where agencies expect it to be used in project planning, and it often takes a central role in scenario modeling. GIS models can be used to great advantage for both management and research within the sector, and this article shows how GIS models and model assemblies are essentially expert systems based around a spatial database which provides a virtual environment. A wide range of modeling approaches that can be applied to aquaculture problems are illustrated.
Aquaculture; Decision support systems; Fish farming; Geographical information systems; Impact assessment; Management; Model; Planning; Remote sensing; Shellfish farming; Site selection; Spatial; Sustainable development