Skip header navigation
×

Article

Reduced lung function due to biomass smoke exposure in young adults in rural Nepal

Citation
Kurmi OP, Devereux GS, Smith WC, Semple S, Steiner MF, Simkhada P, Lam KBH & Ayres JG (2013) Reduced lung function due to biomass smoke exposure in young adults in rural Nepal. European Respiratory Journal, 41 (1), pp. 25-30. https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00220511

Abstract
This study aimed to assess the effects of biomass smoke exposure on lung function in a Nepalese population, addressing some of the methodological issues seen in previous studies. We carried out a cross-sectional study of adults in a population exposed to biomass smoke and a non-exposed population in Nepal. Questionnaire and lung function data were acquired along with direct measures of indoor and outdoor air quality. Ventilatory function (forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory flow at 25-75% of FVC) was significantly reduced in the population using biomass across all age groups compared to the non-biomass-using population, even in the youngest (16-25 yrs) age group (mean FEV1 (95% CI) 2.65 (2.57-2.73) versus 2.83 (2.74-2.91) L; p=0.004). Airflow obstruction was twice as common among biomass users compared with liquefied petroleum gas users (8.1% versus 3.6%; p

Journal
European Respiratory Journal: Volume 41, Issue 1

StatusPublished
Author(s)Kurmi, O P; Devereux, G S; Smith, W C; Semple, S; Steiner, M F; Simkhada, P; Lam, K B H; Ayres, J G
Publication date31/12/2013
ISSN0903-1936
Scroll back to the top