Article

Physicians’ experiences of SBIRT training and implementation for SUD management in primary care in the UAE: a qualitative study

Citation

Pflanz-Sinclair C, Matheson C, Bond CM, Almarzouqi A, Lee AJ, Batieha A, Al-Ghaferi H & El Kashef A (2018) Physicians’ experiences of SBIRT training and implementation for SUD management in primary care in the UAE: a qualitative study. Primary Health Care Research and Development, 19 (4), pp. 344-354. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1463423617000834

Abstract
Aim  The objective of this paper is to present a qualitative study of introducing substance misuse screening using the Screening Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) model, in primary care in Abu Dhabi.  Background  Substance misuse in the UAE is an increasing problem. However religious beliefs and fear of legal consequences have prevented this topic from being openly discussed, risk levels identified through screening and treatment options offered.  Methods  A controlled trial was undertaken which included a qualitative process study which is reported here. Qualitative interviews with primary care physicians from two intervention clinics were undertaken to explore their views, experiences and attitudes towards substance misuse management in their clinic. Physicians were trained on SBIRT and on the research project process and documentation. At completion of the project, 10 months after the training, physicians (n=17) were invited to participate in an interview to explore their experiences of training and implementation of SBIRT. Interviews were recorded and transcribed. Inductive thematic coding was applied.  Findings  In total, 11 physicians were interviewed and three main themes emerged: (1) The SBIRT screening project, (2) cultural issues and (3) patient follow-up. Findings revealed a general willingness toward the concept of screening and delivering brief interventions in primary care although increased workload and uncertainties about remuneration for the service may be a barrier to future implementation. There was a perceived problem of substance misuse that was not currently being met and a strong perception that patients were not willing to reveal substance use due cultural barriers and fear of police involvement. In conclusion this qualitative process evaluation provided essential insight into implementing SBIRT in the Middle East. In conclusion, despite physician willingness and a clinical need for a substance misuse care pathway, the reluctance among patients to admit to substance use in this culture needs to be addressed to enable successful implementation.

Keywords
implementation; Middle East; primary care; qualitative; SBIRT; substance use

Journal
Primary Health Care Research and Development: Volume 19, Issue 4

StatusPublished
Publication date31/07/2018
Publication date online26/12/2017
Date accepted by journal19/11/2017
PublisherCambridge University Press
ISSN1463-4236