Article

Exploring pain characteristics in nulliparous women; A precursor to developing support for women in the latent phase of labour

Details

Citation

Clark CJ, Kalanaviciute G, Bartholomew V, Cheyne H & Hundley VA (2022) Exploring pain characteristics in nulliparous women; A precursor to developing support for women in the latent phase of labour. Midwifery, 104, Art. No.: 103174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2021.103174

Abstract
Background Admission to hospital in the latent phase of labour is associated with a cascade of unnecessary intervention. Women who seek early hospital admission may have heightened fear and anxiety in relation to pain routed in their pre-pregnancy experiences. Objective To determine the prevalence of pain catastrophising in a healthy non-pregnant population and explore previous pain experiences and fear of childbirth as characteristics that might predict pain catastrophising. Design Prospective observational study across two higher education institutions in Scotland and England using a semi-structured survey administered through Bristol Online Surveys. Four validated questionnaires were used to identify the prevalence of pain catastrophising and fear of childbirth in nulliparous women of reproductive age. Results The survey was completed by 122 women undertaking an undergraduate degree and aged between 18 and 23 years. A high prevalence of pain catastrophising was found: a cut-off score of 20 and above = 47.5% (58/122 participants), a cut-off score of 30 and above = 21.3% (26/122). Fear of pain (β = 0.14, t = 4.21, p < 0 .001) and pain-related anxiety (β = 0.40, t = 11.39, p < 0 .001) were significant predictors of pain catastrophisation. However, there was no correlation between fear of childbirth and pain catastrophisation. Conclusions and implications for practice It is reasonable to hypothesise that the pain catastrophising scale may be a good tool to predict those women likely to require additional support in the latent phase of labour; however further work is needed to explore this with a group of pregnant women.

Keywords
Pain catastrophising; PredictTool; Latent labour

Journal
Midwifery: Volume 104

StatusPublished
Publication date31/01/2022
Publication date online31/10/2021
Date accepted by journal17/10/2021
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/33790
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN0266-6138
eISSN1532-3099

People (1)

People

Professor Helen Cheyne
Professor Helen Cheyne

Personal Chair, NMAHP