Article

Moral Appraisal for Everyone: Neurodiversity, Epistemic Limitations, and Responding to the Right Reasons

Citation

Field C (2021) Moral Appraisal for Everyone: Neurodiversity, Epistemic Limitations, and Responding to the Right Reasons. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, 24 (3), pp. 733-752. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10677-021-10212-5

Abstract
De Re Significance accounts of moral appraisal consider an agent’s responsiveness to a particular kind of reason, normative moral reasons de re, to be of central significance for moral appraisal. Here, I argue that such accounts find it difficult to accommodate some neuroatypical agents. I offer an alternative account of how an agent’s responsiveness to normative moral reasons affects moral appraisal – the Reasonable Expectations Account. According to this account, what is significant for appraisal is not the content of the reasons an agent is responsive to (de re or de dicto), but rather whether she is responsive to the reasons it is reasonable to expect her to be responsive to, irrespective of their content. I argue that this account does a better job of dealing with neuroatypical agents, while agreeing with the De Re Significance accounts on more ordinary cases.

Keywords
Moral appraisal; Blameworthiness; Neuroatypicality; Reasons; Excuse; Moral ignorance

Journal
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice: Volume 24, Issue 3

StatusPublished
FundersEuropean Commission (Horizon 2020) and AHRC Arts and Humanities Research Council
Publication date31/07/2021
Publication date online31/07/2021
Date accepted by journal11/06/2021
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/33145
ISSN1386-2820
eISSN1572-8447