Hail Y, Cullen A & McQuaid R (2021) D4.2 Socio-economic Demographic And Psychological Analysis For Women In Transport Related Choices VF. DIAMOND P (Research Group) European Commission. https://diamond-project.eu/deliverables/
This paper is part of Task 4.2 in Work Package 4 and expands on the work already completed in Work Packages 2 and 3 regarding the analysis of data collected for the four Use Cases of the project and on other Deliverables in WP4. The following research questions guided this deliverable:
1. What are the key factors affecting women’s travel choices?
2. How relevant are they in discriminating between different transport modalities?
3. How different job characteristics, and/or contextual factors, in the transport sectors may affect gender balance and or female employability in different areas?
4. What are the key factors influencing career choices for women in different groups and areas in relation to working in transport?
Such document consists of 4 sections:
Section 1 sets out a brief definition of fairness as operationalised in the DIAMOND project and a working gender-based definition of women (based on D3.1).
Section 2 presents the mixed methods methodology used in this report. First, a scoping literature review adds to the existing literature already analysed in WPs 2 and 3 and Task 4.1, in order to develop concepts which will support the thematic qualitative analysis. Second, the report analyses the relevant socio-economic, demographic and psychological data developed in the project. This is based on both the quantitative (set out in D4.3 and so only briefly summarised here) and the qualitative analysis (which is reported in detail in this deliverable, D4.2). The conclusions of combining these different forms of analysis are then presented. Due to the Covid-19 epidemic, the qualitative research interviews were generally conducted over the internet.
Section 3 considers Questions 1 and 2 (above) on factors affecting women’s travel choices and modal differences. It provides a synopsis of the literature found during the review and a summary of the results of the project’s quantitative and qualitative research related to Use Cases I, II and III, i.e., women as users of public transport, women as users of autonomous vehicles and women as users of bike sharing schemes.
Section 4 considers Questions 3 and 4 (above) and investigates women’s needs as employees in the transport sector. It specifically considers the key factors regarding fairness and inclusiveness of employment for women across the transport sector, especially women working on-site and off-site in the railway, freight transport and the logistics sectors. The main evidence presented in this deliverable is based on qualitative thematic analysis (based primarily on the fairness characteristics used in DIAMOND) of interviews with those working in transport sectors (at various levels) in the partner countries of Ireland, UK, Spain and Poland.
The qualitative findings set out in this report also help explore issues raised in applying the fairness characteristics and so also inform the wider DIAMOND project. Hence the qualitative data presented here (including the extensive quotations set out in the Appendices) will help to inform the remainder of the project by providing a resource to add to analysis and tool development in the project. They also crucially, to give voice to the lived experience of the predominantly female people affected by fairness in transport.