Article

Efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a community-based smoke-free-home intervention with or without indoor-air-quality feedback in Bangladesh (MCLASS II): a three-arm, cluster-randomised, controlled trial

Citation

Mdege ND, Fairhurst C, Wang H, Ferdous T, Marshall A, Hewitt C, Huque R, Jackson C, Kellar I, Parrott S, Semple S, Sheikh A, Wu Q, Al Azdi Z & Siddiqi K (2021) Efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a community-based smoke-free-home intervention with or without indoor-air-quality feedback in Bangladesh (MCLASS II): a three-arm, cluster-randomised, controlled trial. Lancet Global Health, 9 (5), pp. E639-E650. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X%2821%2900040-1

Abstract
Background Exposure to second-hand smoke from tobacco is a major contributor to global morbidity and mortality. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a community-based smoke-free-home intervention, with or without indoor-air-quality feedback, in reducing second-hand-smoke exposure in homes in Bangladesh. Methods We did a three-arm, cluster-randomised, controlled trial in Dhaka, Bangladesh, and randomly assigned (1:1:1) mosques and consenting households from their congregations to a smoke-free-home intervention plus indoor-air-quality feedback, smoke-free-home intervention only, or usual services. Households were eligible if they had at least one resident attending one of the participating mosques, at least one adult resident (age 18 years or older) who smoked cigarettes or other forms of smoked tobacco (eg, bidi, waterpipe) regularly (on at least 25 days per month), and at least one non-smoking resident of any age. The smoke-free-home intervention consisted of weekly health messages delivered within an Islamic discourse by religious leaders at mosques over 12 weeks. Indoor-air-quality feedback comprised providing households with feedback on their indoor air quality measured over 24 h. Households in the usual services group received no intervention. Masking of participants and mosque leaders was not possible. The primary outcome was the 24-h mean household airborne fine particulate matter (

Journal
Lancet Global Health: Volume 9, Issue 5

StatusPublished
FundersMRC Medical Research Council
Publication date31/12/2021
Publication date online31/05/2021
Date accepted by journal01/05/2021
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/32575
ISSN2214-109X
eISSN2214-109X