Article

Sarcopenic Obesity in Africa: A Call for Diagnostic Methods and Appropriate Interventions

Citation

Mendham AE, Lundin-Olsson L, Goedecke JH, Micklesfield LK, Christensen DL, Gallagher IJ, Myburgh KH, Odunitan-Wayas FA, Lambert EV, Kalula S, Hunter AM & Brooks NE (2021) Sarcopenic Obesity in Africa: A Call for Diagnostic Methods and Appropriate Interventions. Frontiers in Nutrition, 8, Art. No.: 661170. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2021.661170

Abstract
This perspective aims to highlight the lack of current knowledge on sarcopenic obesity in Africa and to call for diagnostic methods and appropriate interventions. Sarcopenic obesity has been defined as obesity that occurs in combination with low muscle mass and function, which is typically evident in older adults. However, there has been no clear consensus on population-specific diagnostic criterion, which includes both gold-standard measures that can be used in a more advanced health care system, and surrogate measures that can be used in low-income settings with limited resources and funding. Importantly, low and middle-income countries (LMICs) across Africa are in an ongoing state of economic and social transition, which has contributed to an increase in the aging population, alongside the added burden of poverty, obesity, and associated co-morbidities. It is anticipated that alongside the increased prevalence of obesity, these countries will further experience an increase in age-related musculoskeletal diseases such as sarcopenia. The developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) approach will allow clinicians and researchers to consider developmental trajectories, and the influence of the environment, for targeting high-risk individuals and communities for treatment and/or prevention-based interventions that are implemented throughout all stages of the life course. Once a valid and reliable diagnostic criterion is developed, we can firstly assess the prevalence and burden of sarcopenic obesity in LMICs in Africa, and secondly, develop appropriate and sustainable interventions that target improved dietary and physical activity behaviors throughout the life course.

Keywords
sarcopenia; skeletal muscle; quality of life; aging; muscle function; muscle quality; low and middle-income countries

Journal
Frontiers in Nutrition: Volume 8

StatusPublished
Publication date30/04/2021
Publication date online16/04/2021
Date accepted by journal22/03/2021
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/32562
PublisherFrontiers Media SA
eISSN2296-861X