Article

Palliative and end-of-life care in care homes: protocol for codesigning and implementing an appropriate scalable model of Needs Rounds in the UK

Details

Citation

Macgregor A, Rutherford A, McCormack B, Hockley J, Ogden M, Soulsby I, McKenzie M, Spilsbury K, Hanratty B & Forbat L (2021) Palliative and end-of-life care in care homes: protocol for codesigning and implementing an appropriate scalable model of Needs Rounds in the UK. BMJ Open, 11 (2), Art. No.: e049486. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-049486

Abstract
Introduction Palliative and end-of-life care in care homes is often inadequate, despite high morbidity and mortality. Residents can experience uncontrolled symptoms, poor quality deaths and avoidable hospitalisations. Care home staff can feel unsupported to look after residents at the end of life. Approaches for improving end-of-life care are often education-focused, do not triage residents and rarely integrate clinical care. This study will adapt an evidence-based approach from Australia for the UK context called ‘Palliative Care Needs Rounds’ (Needs Rounds). Needs Rounds combine triaging, anticipatory person-centred planning, case-based education and case-conferencing; the Australian studies found that Needs Rounds reduce length of stay in hospital, and improve dying in preferred place of care, and symptoms at the end of life. Methods and analysis This implementation science study will codesign and implement a scalable UK model of Needs Rounds. The Integrated Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (i-PARIHS) framework will be used to identify contextual barriers and use facilitation to enable successful implementation. Six palliative care teams, working with 4–6 care homes each, will engage in two phases. In phase 1 (February 2021), stakeholder interviews (n=40) will be used to develop a programme theory to meet the primary outcome of identifying what works, for whom in what circumstances for UK Needs Rounds. Subsequently a workshop to codesign UK Needs Rounds will be run. Phase 2 (July 2021) will implement the UK model for a year. Prospective data collection will focus on secondary outcomes regarding hospitalisations, residents’ quality of death and care home staff capability of adopting a palliative approach. Ethics and dissemination Frenchay Research Ethics Committee (287447) approved the study. Findings will be disseminated to policy-makers, care home/palliative care practitioners, residents/relatives and academic audiences. An implementation package will be developed for practitioners to provide the tools and resources required to adopt UK Needs Rounds. Registration details Registration details: ISRCTN15863801.

Keywords
General Medicine

Journal
BMJ Open: Volume 11, Issue 2

StatusPublished
FundersNIHR National Institute for Health Research
Publication date28/02/2021
Publication date online22/02/2021
Date accepted by journal03/02/2021
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/32315
PublisherBMJ
eISSN2044-6055

People (5)

People

Professor Liz Forbat
Professor Liz Forbat

Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences

Dr Aisha Macgregor
Dr Aisha Macgregor

Research Fellow, Faculty of Social Sciences

Miss Margaret Ogden
Miss Margaret Ogden

Research Assistant, Dementia and Ageing

Professor Alasdair Rutherford
Professor Alasdair Rutherford

Professor, Sociology, Social Policy & Criminology

Miss Irene Soulsby
Miss Irene Soulsby

Research Assistant, Dementia and Ageing

Projects (1)