Letter

Managing aquaculture in multi-use freshwater bodies: the case of Jatiluhur reservoir

Citation

Taskov D, Telfer T, Bengtson D, Rice MA, Little D & Murray F (2021) Managing aquaculture in multi-use freshwater bodies: the case of Jatiluhur reservoir. Environmental Research Letters, 16 (4), Art. No.: 044022. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/abe009

Abstract
The pressure on scarce freshwater resources from intensifying human activity is rising across the globe. This study presents the case of Jatiluhur - Indonesia's largest reservoir, where unregulated aquaculture expansion has contributed to environmental degradation and associated conflicts with other water-users. Aiming to identify a strategy to improve the sustainability of cage aquaculture within Jatilihur reservoir and other freshwater bodies facing similar challenges, this study consisted of an initial analysis of time bound satellite images of the reservoir and a systematic survey of 112 aquaculture farms. The results revealed that, with more than 45,000 production units in 2020, more than half of which are placed outside government-approved aquaculture zones, the carrying capacity of the reservoir is exceeded. An analysis of the farm-level production practices, pertinent to environmental regulation, indicated the existence of three main production strategies, with significant differences in eutrophication potential among them that would lead to better articulated policy actions. A feed manufacturer-focused policy to reduce total phosphorus levels in formulated diets by more than half, but still within the optimal level for fish performance, would have the most impact. Enforcement of registration and removal of illegal production units supported by satellite-based monitoring of compliance are key recommendations to support intensive cage culture remaining an important economic activity.

Keywords
Aquaculture; Indonesia; sustainability; governance; zonation; Latent class analysis

Journal
Environmental Research Letters: Volume 16, Issue 4

StatusPublished
FundersThe British Council
Publication date30/04/2021
Publication date online26/01/2021
Date accepted by journal26/01/2021
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/32286
eISSN1748-9326