Article

Strengthening the relationship between physical activity and physical self-concept: The moderating effect of controllable attributions

Citation

Murray RM, Sabiston CM, Coffee P & Kowalski KC (2021) Strengthening the relationship between physical activity and physical self-concept: The moderating effect of controllable attributions. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 52, Art. No.: 101828. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2020.101828

Abstract
Individuals who are more physically active, compared to those who are less physically active, typically report more favourable perceptions of their physical appearance and functioning (i.e., physical self-concept). However, there is limited empirical evidence examining how psychological processes associated with physical activity can affect the strength of this relationship. In the current study, perceptions of controllability (i.e., controllable attributions) was tested as a moderator of the relationship between physical activity and physical self-concept. A sample of 189 adults (Mage = 23.8 years; nmale = 76, nfemale = 112, nunspecified = 1) read hypothetical scenarios that elicited emotions specific to achievement or failure. Participants completed measures assessing their attributions for each scenario, together with self-report physical activity and physical self-concept. In the final models, the relationship between physical activity and physical self-concept was stronger among those participants who reported higher perceptions of controllability. The effectiveness of physical activity interventions may be improved through attributional retraining to adaptive (controllable) attributions.

Keywords
goal achievement; goal failure; fitness; controllability

Journal
Psychology of Sport and Exercise: Volume 52

StatusPublished
Publication date31/01/2021
Publication date online31/10/2020
Date accepted by journal16/10/2020
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/31876
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN1469-0292