McArdle D (2019) Doping and Human Rights in Pariah States. In: Duval A & Rigozzi A (eds.) Yearbook of International Sports Arbitration 2017. Yearbook of International Sports Arbitration. The Hague: TMC Asser Press, pp. 29-49. https://doi.org/10.1007/15757_2019_28
On first reading, case 2016/A/4708 Belarus Canoe Association and Belarusian Senior Men’s Canoe and Kayak Team Members v International Canoe Federation, award of 23 January 2017 (hereafter BCA v ICF) raises three familiar, deceptively simple, themes in anti-doping. Namely, the potential role of national criminal authorities in doping investigations; the relationship between those authorities and international sporting stakeholders; and the importance of those stakeholders adhering to their own rules when pursuing apparent anti-doping allegations.
This paper addresses those aspects in detail, but the case has a significance that goes beyond anti-doping. Specifically, BCA v ICF raises wider issues about anti-doping actors whose obligations under the WADA regime cannot be easily reconciled with their reliance on governments that use sports as a tool for cronyism and furthering political agendas. Such is the case in Belarus, where the relationship between a supposedly independent national antidoping authority and an ignoble and unhappy regime appears uncomfortably close. These concerns are compounded by sports federations who are only too happy to let Europe’s last dictatorship host their international events.
sport; human rights; Belarus; doping; tribunals; Independence
|Title of series||Yearbook of International Sports Arbitration|
|Publication date online||22/08/2019|
|Publisher||TMC Asser Press|
|Place of publication||The Hague|
|ISSN of series||2522-8501|