Hamre K, Bjørnevik M, Espe M, Conceição LEC, Johansen J, Silva J, Hillestad M, Prabhu AJ, Taylor JF, Tocher DR, Lock E & Hemre G (2020) Dietary micronutrient composition affects fillet texture and muscle cell size in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture Nutrition, 26 (3), pp. 936-945. https://doi.org/10.1111/anu.13051
During the past 20 years, plant ingredients have taken over as the main constituents in feed for Atlantic salmon. This has changed the nutrient composition of the feeds, the bioavailability of nutrients and perhaps nutrient metabolism. Plant‐based diets also contain more anti‐nutrients. The EU‐funded project ARRAINA re‐evaluated recommendations for micronutrient supplementation to Atlantic salmon feeds, and the present study compared a diet supplemented with micronutrients according to NRC (2011) (control diet, 100% NP (nutrient package)) with a diet supplemented according to the new recommendations (New NP). Tissue concentrations of pyridoxine, pantothenic acid, niacin, vitamin C, Zn and Se were significantly higher; and Cu was lower in Atlantic salmon fed the diet with the New NP compared to the control fish. The New NP also gave a near significant effect on growth, decreased muscle firmness and increased muscle cell size, and it affected metabolism of nitrogen‐containing metabolites in the muscle. While we cannot be certain which micronutrient(s) gave these effects, the B vitamins are probable candidates, since they are mediators of intermediary metabolism and have been shown to influence some of the affected metabolites.
Atlantic salmon; growth; micronutrient requirements; muscle cellularity; muscle quality; plant‐based diets
Aquaculture Nutrition: Volume 26, Issue 3